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Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem.

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Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem.  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Mar 2016, 10:23
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Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem. Over the last five years, the school's administrators have noticed signs of a significant increase in drug use, and there has been simultaneously a drop in the averages of the scores our students have been getting on state-issued tests. Schools that offer drug use awareness classes have experienced significant reductions in drug use by students. If by incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum at Longview Prep we can reduce drug use, we can increase the averages of Longview Prep students' state-issued test scores to the levels at which they were five years ago.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the board member's conclusion depends?

(A) Students who use drugs the most will not leave Longview Prep and enroll in other schools because they prefer not to attend drug use awareness classes.

(B) Teachers at Longview Prep have not over the past five years updated the school's entire curriculum, making it innovative and unique.

(C) Longview Prep students who use drugs are not able to hide their use of drugs from teachers and administrators at Longview Prep.

(D) Test focused review sessions would not be effective in increasing Longview Prep students' state-issued test scores.

(E) Most students who use drugs will not eventually reduce their drug use on their own, without having taken drug use awareness classes.

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Originally posted by MartyMurray on 02 Mar 2016, 10:04.
Last edited by MartyMurray on 03 Mar 2016, 10:23, edited 15 times in total.
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Re: Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem.  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2016, 10:25
Clean Bowled with this one !!! :stupid2

Why not (E)

Quote:
So by incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum at Longview Prep, we can reduce drug use, and thus by taking action we can increase the averages of Longview Prep students' state-wide test scores to the levels at which they were five years ago.


E states -

Quote:
Most students who use drugs will not eventually reduce their drug use on their own, without having taken drug use awareness classes.


Cant't we assume that incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum is a way to reduce drug use and consequently increase in averages ? :wall :wall :stupid2

If we negate option (E) we come to -

Quote:
Most students who use drugs will eventually reduce their drug use on their own, without having taken drug use awareness classes.


Doesn't this statement contradict the conclusion presented in the stimulus ? :stupid2


On the other hand (B) states -

Quote:
Teachers at Longview Prep have not over the past five years been increasingly focusing on teaching students things they need to know in order to score high on college entrance exams.


I admit that the issue at hand is average score of students , to which drug abuse issue has been entwined to divert our focus ( and the author fails to link the drug abuse issue with low score ), but where from college entrance exam come into picture ?

We have in the stimulus -

Quote:
a drop in the averages of the scores our students have been getting on state-wide tests


Statewide tests can include any random test - Say Math/science Olympiads as well.

Plz guide ....
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Re: Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem.  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Mar 2016, 05:18
Abhishek009 wrote:
Clean Bowled with this one !!! :stupid2

Why not (E)

Quote:
So by incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum at Longview Prep, we can reduce drug use, and thus by taking action we can increase the averages of Longview Prep students' state-wide test scores to the levels at which they were five years ago.


E states -

Quote:
Most students who use drugs will not eventually reduce their drug use on their own, without having taken drug use awareness classes.


Cant't we assume that incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum is a way to reduce drug use and consequently increase in averages ? :wall :wall :stupid2

If we negate option (E) we come to -

Quote:
Most students who use drugs will eventually reduce their drug use on their own, without having taken drug use awareness classes.


Doesn't this statement contradict the conclusion presented in the stimulus ? :stupid2


The conclusion is that by incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum, drug use can be reduced and test scores can be increased. The fact that at some point in the future most students will eventually reduce drug use without the help of the classes does not negate that the classes could help.


Quote:
On the other hand (B) states -

Quote:
Teachers at Longview Prep have not over the past five years been increasingly focusing on teaching students things they need to know in order to score high on college entrance exams.


I admit that the issue at hand is average score of students , to which drug abuse issue has been entwined to divert our focus ( and the author fails to link the drug abuse issue with low score ), but where from college entrance exam come into picture ?

We have in the stimulus -

Quote:
a drop in the averages of the scores our students have been getting on state-wide tests


Statewide tests can include any random test - Say Math/science Olympiads as well.

Plz guide ....


I edited the question so that "state-wide tests" has been replaced with "state-issued" tests, and the college entrance exam concept has been replaced with a unique curriculum concept. Now the construction is, I believe, much tighter.
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Originally posted by MartyMurray on 02 Mar 2016, 12:20.
Last edited by MartyMurray on 03 Mar 2016, 05:18, edited 2 times in total.
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Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem.  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Mar 2016, 10:24
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There are two keys to getting this question right. One is not getting sucked in by trap answers. The other is noticing that one answer challenges an assumption that the board member made, that the average of the students' scores on state-issued tests has decreased because of increased drug use.

Here's the conclusion. If by incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum at Longview Prep we can reduce drug use, we can increase the averages of Longview Prep students' state-issued test scores to the levels at which they were five years ago.

(A) Students who use drugs the most will not leave Longview Prep and enroll in other schools because they prefer not to attend drug use awareness classes.

While students leaving the school to avoid the classes may somehow seem to hinder the success of the plan, the truth is that if drug use is truly connected to lower test scores, then if the students who use drugs the most were to choose to leave Longview Prep, the averages of Longview Prep students' test scores should increase.

(B) Teachers at Longview Prep have not over the past five years updated the school's entire curriculum, making it innovative and unique.

The board member has assumed that the reason for the lower scores is increased drug use. In other words, the board member has assumed that scores have not declined because the teachers have changed what they are teaching in such a way that it does not match the state-issued tests to the degree that it had in the past. If the students are learning via the use of an innovative and unique curriculum, then likely what they are learning is somehow different in content or focus from what appears in state-issued tests and reducing drug use would not address that issue.

(C) Longview Prep students who use drugs are not able to hide their use of drugs from teachers and administrators at Longview Prep.

This answer could trap the test taker if the test taker somehow makes an unfounded assumption about a need for signs of drug use to be evident in order for the plan to work.

(D) Test focused review sessions would not be effective in increasing Longview Prep students' state-issued test scores.

The board member's argument does not depend on the assumption that there are not other ways to increase the scores. One way a test taker might choose this answer is by going beyond what can logically be inferred from what is discussed in the prompt.

(E) Most students who use drugs will not eventually reduce their drug use on their own, without having taken drug use awareness classes.

If the test taker is not clear about what's going on in the argument, this answer might be tempting, but the fact that students might eventually reduce drug use on their own does not somehow make drug use awareness classes less effective.

The correct answer is B.
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Originally posted by MartyMurray on 03 Mar 2016, 01:01.
Last edited by MartyMurray on 03 Mar 2016, 10:24, edited 10 times in total.
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Re: Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem.  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2016, 03:41
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Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem. Over the last five years, the school's administrators have noticed signs of a significant increase in drug use, and there has been simultaneously a drop in the averages of the scores our students have been getting on state-issued tests.

Schools that offer drug use awareness classes have experienced significant reductions in drug use by students.

Conclusion: So by incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum at Longview Prep, we can reduce drug use, and thus by taking action we can increase the averages of Longview Prep students' state-issued test scores to the levels at which they were five years ago.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the board member's conclusion depends?

(A) Students who use drugs the most will not leave Longview Prep and enroll in other schools because they prefer not to attend drug use awareness classes..........this can be assumed.

(B) Teachers at Longview Prep have not over the past five years been increasingly focusing on teaching students things they need to know in order to score high on college entrance exams............This seems to represent that the method of teaching nor drug reason is responsible for reduction in students performance. This weakens the coclusion

(C) Longview Prep students who use drugs are not able to hide their use of drugs from teachers and administrators at Longview Prep..........can be true.

(D) Parents and peers of students at Longview Prep do not have more power to get the students to reduce drug use than do drug use awareness classes.............it is more about the comaprision of who possesses more power raher it is about what professores can do to deal with it. Need not be assumed.

(E) Most students who use drugs will not eventually reduce their drug use on their own, without having taken drug use awareness classes............they can reduce on their own but the attempt in conclusion can help to serve the purpose as well. Need not be assumed.

MartyMurray please comment on my analysis above.
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Re: Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem.  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2016, 09:58
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem. Over the last five years, the school's administrators have noticed signs of a significant increase in drug use, and there has been simultaneously a drop in the averages of the scores our students have been getting on state-issued tests.

Schools that offer drug use awareness classes have experienced significant reductions in drug use by students.

Conclusion: So by incorporating drug use awareness classes into the curriculum at Longview Prep, we can reduce drug use, and thus by taking action we can increase the averages of Longview Prep students' state-issued test scores to the levels at which they were five years ago.


Yes, that's the conclusion, other than that I have since edited it slightly in response to a comment.

Quote:
Which of the following is an assumption on which the board member's conclusion depends?

(A) Students who use drugs the most will not leave Longview Prep and enroll in other schools because they prefer not to attend drug use awareness classes..........this can be assumed.


Student's leaving will not negatively affect the outcome of the plan. So the board member is not necessarily assuming that they will not.

Quote:
(B) Teachers at Longview Prep have not over the past five years been increasingly focusing on teaching students things they need to know in order to score high on college entrance exams............This seems to represent that the method of teaching nor drug reason is responsible for reduction in students performance. This weakens the coclusion


While I have since edited the OA to reduce any possible ambiguity, this analysis is still correct.

Quote:
(C) Longview Prep students who use drugs are not able to hide their use of drugs from teachers and administrators at Longview Prep..........can be true.


I am not sure what you mean by "can be true", but student's hiding their use of drugs does not change what drug use awareness classes would accomplish.

Quote:
(D) Parents and peers of students at Longview Prep do not have more power to get the students to reduce drug use than do drug use awareness classes.............it is more about the comaprision of who possesses more power raher it is about what professores can do to deal with it. Need not be assumed.


Yes. I have since changed this answer, but your point still holds.

Quote:
(E) Most students who use drugs will not eventually reduce their drug use on their own, without having taken drug use awareness classes............they can reduce on their own but the attempt in conclusion can help to serve the purpose as well. Need not be assumed.


Exactly.
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Re: Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem.  [#permalink]

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Re: Longview Prep Board Member: Our student body has a drug problem. &nbs [#permalink] 14 Aug 2018, 23:01
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