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M03-24

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M03-24 [#permalink]

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Official Solution:

If \(n\) is a positive integer, is \(n^x\) an even number?

(1) \(n\) is an even number. If \(x=0\) then \(n^x=1=\text{odd}\) but if \(x=1\) then \(n^x=n=\text{even}\). Not sufficient.

(2) \(x^2-3x+2 = 0\). Either \(x=1\) or \(x=2\). Not sufficient, since no info about \(n\).

(1)+(2) Since given that \(n=\text{even}\) then both \(n^1\) and \(n^2\) will be even. Sufficient.


Answer: C
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Re: M03-24 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2014, 16:32
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This question shows how important it is to sometimes restate the question in our own words before diving into the statements (not too far away from the Prethinking in Critical Reasoning, huh?)

Question Stem "Prethinking"
For the expression to be an even number, we need 2 things:
I) n must be an even number
II) x must be integer and positive.

Statement 1: addresses I but doesn´t address II --> Not Sufficient
Statement 2: Factor the quadratic and you´ll get (x - 1)(x - 2) = 0. Therefore, x = 1 or x = 2. This addresses II but doesn´t address I --> Not Sufficient
(1) + (2): both conditions are addressed --> Sufficient.
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Re: M03-24 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2015, 04:41
C
(1) is suff for any value of x except 0 when the results become 1
(2) lets us see that x is not 0 but insuff as n is not known

thus both are suff together
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Re: M03-24 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2015, 10:24
But N is a positive integer. Does that mean zero can be positive?
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Re: M03-24 [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 02:36
For n^x to be even
1-> n has to be even number
2--> x needs to b a positive integer.

Statement 1 gives us the first condition but does not tell about the value of.
Statement 2 gives us x=1 or 2 which gives us the second conditions but does not tell us about the value of n.

So by combining both statements we have both required conditions fulfilled.
Hence Answer-C

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Re: M03-24 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2015, 15:43
This question sparked something for me.. can fractions be considered even or odd? For example in statement 1 what if x were negative? So lets say n=4 and x=-2. I assume we don't consider 1/16 to be even since when divided by 2 it does not produce an integer?

Thanks!
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Re: M03-24 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2015, 03:51
healthjunkie wrote:
This question sparked something for me.. can fractions be considered even or odd? For example in statement 1 what if x were negative? So lets say n=4 and x=-2. I assume we don't consider 1/16 to be even since when divided by 2 it does not produce an integer?

Thanks!


1. An even number is an integer that is "evenly divisible" by 2, i.e., divisible by 2 without a remainder. Even integers are: ..., -6, -4, -2, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, ...

2. An odd number is an integer that is not evenly divisible by 2: ..., -5, -3, -1, 1, 3, 5, ...

Theory on Number Properties: math-number-theory-88376.html
Tips on Number Properties: number-properties-tips-and-hints-174996.html

All DS Number Properties Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=38
All PS Number Properties Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=59

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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re M03-24 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2015, 01:31
even stronger for (1) is that x must not be an integer as there is no info about x in (1) .. so n^x is not even necessarily integer
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Re: M03-24 [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 20:53
Take away:
Making inferences from the DS question is very critical.

If we understand that the n cannot be odd and x has to more then 0, then this question can become very simple.

S1 merely tells us that n is even. Without knowing the value of x we can have multiple value of n which can be odd or even.
S2 gives us the information about the value of x, which after factorization can be 1 and 2. But without any information about n we cannot know if n to the power x is even.

S1+S2 give us the complete information about the question. They tell us that n is even and x is either 1 or 2 that means we will certainly have an even no for the question. After all, that’s what we inferred from the question stem.

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Re: M03-24   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2017, 20:53
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