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# M17-11

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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M17-11  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 00:01
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Question Stats:

75% (01:31) correct 25% (01:07) wrong based on 107 sessions

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If there are 10 liters of a 20%-solution of alcohol, how much water should be added to reduce the concentration of alcohol in the solution by 75% ?

A. 25 liters
B. 27 liters
C. 30 liters
D. 32 liters
E. 35 liters

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Posts: 51167
Re M17-11  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 00:01
Official Solution:

If there are 10 liters of a 20%-solution of alcohol, how much water should be added to reduce the concentration of alcohol in the solution by 75% ?

A. 25 liters
B. 27 liters
C. 30 liters
D. 32 liters
E. 35 liters

Amount of alcohol in the original solution is $$0.2*10=2$$ liters;

A 20% concentration of alcohol reduced by 75% means that the new solution should be a $$20-0.75*20=5 \%$$ alcohol solution;

Since the amount of alcohol in the new solution is not changed, then 2 liters of alcohol must be 5% of the new solution, hence $$0.05*x=2$$, which gives $$x=40$$ liters.

So, we should add $$40-10=30$$ liters of water.

Answer: C
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2016, 08:15
Bunuel:

Let w be the no. of litres of water

0.2(10) + w = 0.05 (10+w)

What is wrong with this equation?
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2016, 08:23
Vishvesh88 wrote:
Bunuel:

Let w be the no. of litres of water

0.2(10) + w = 0.05 (10+w)

What is wrong with this equation?

It should be 0.2*10 = 0.05(10+w), so you should be equating alcohol.
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2017, 06:13
The solution contains 20% alcohol. Therefore, the amount of alcohol is 2l. We need to find out as to how much water must be added to reduce the concentration of alcohol by 75% or make the concentration 25% of the original one.

2/(10+x)=(1/4)*(1/5)
Solving for x , you will get the value as 30.
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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06 May 2017, 13:45
% after reduction= 20% * (100-75)%=5%
water added=x
before adding water, A=10 lit* 20%=2, w=10-2=8 lit
atq
2/(8+x) = 5/95
x=30 lit
ans:c
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2017, 12:14
I think this is poorly worded. It is not very clear whether it is 10liters of alcohol or 10 liters in the entire solution
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 01:48
gmathopeful19 wrote:
I think this is poorly worded. It is not very clear whether it is 10liters of alcohol or 10 liters in the entire solution

This is a standard wording. 10 liters of a 20%-solution of alcohol, means that the entire solution is 10 liters and alcohol is 20% of that.
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2018, 07:48
Bunuel, I tried to convert this into a equation : 20% [10 Lit] = 25% [ 10 +W] and it is giving incorrect answer. After looking at clarification I can understand the solution but appreciate if you can advise what is wrong in my equation.
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2018, 20:21
1
NAvinash wrote:
Bunuel, I tried to convert this into a equation : 20% [10 Lit] = 25% [ 10 +W] and it is giving incorrect answer. After looking at clarification I can understand the solution but appreciate if you can advise what is wrong in my equation.

Hello NAvinash

IMO, you are slightly incorrect there. See the highlighted portion in RED. You correctly understood that you have to reduce the percentage of alcohol to 25% (or by 75%), but that reduction has to be in the given percentage of alcohol, that is, 25% of 20% of alcohol in the solution = 5% of alcohol in the solution.

So, your equation will be;
20% [10 L] = 5% [10+W]
Which will get you W = 30L.

I hope it helped.
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Re: M17-11  [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2018, 08:28
aalekhoza wrote:
NAvinash wrote:
Bunuel, I tried to convert this into a equation : 20% [10 Lit] = 25% [ 10 +W] and it is giving incorrect answer. After looking at clarification I can understand the solution but appreciate if you can advise what is wrong in my equation.

Hello NAvinash

IMO, you are slightly incorrect there. See the highlighted portion in RED. You correctly understood that you have to reduce the percentage of alcohol to 25% (or by 75%), but that reduction has to be in the given percentage of alcohol, that is, 25% of 20% of alcohol in the solution = 5% of alcohol in the solution.

So, your equation will be;
20% [10 L] = 5% [10+W]
Which will get you W = 30L.

I hope it helped.

aalekhoza Yes thanks. Catch is reduce by 75% of existing 20% which comes around 5%.
Re: M17-11 &nbs [#permalink] 28 Oct 2018, 08:28
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# M17-11

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