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# Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation

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Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Jan 2018, 19:40
3
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (00:52) correct 19% (01:03) wrong based on 139 sessions

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Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation that the workweek would continue to become shorter.

(A) Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation that

(B) When machines replaced human labor, there was wide anticipation

(C) As machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated that

(D) Insofar as machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated

(E) Human labor being replaced by machines, there was wide anticipation that

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Originally posted by perfectstranger on 16 Jun 2009, 16:54.
Last edited by hazelnut on 02 Jan 2018, 19:40, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: In 1860, the Philological Society launched its effort to  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 22:55
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As it looks to me, this is more of a problem of conjugating a modifier with its modified noun. The participial modifier- replacing - or - being replaced - are simply dangling without a connection to what it can modify. Immediately after the modifier phrase, what it ever it intends to modify must be present.

A. Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation that

E. Human labor being replaced by machines, there was wide anticipation that

For this reason, we can reject A and E.

The next best thing will be to conjugate the two independent things by a sub-coordinating conjunction obviating the need for the modified noun to appear after the introductory clause.

Now analyzing each the choices of B, C and D,

B. When machines replaced human labor, there was wide anticipation ---- When denotes a happening at a particular point, while the text is more about generalization; meaning gets distorted and narrowed down

C. As machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated that ---- The best among the lot; As denotes a general happening and also denotes sort of an on-going tinge.

D. Insofar as machines replaced human labor, it was widely anticipated – - insofar as - means up to the point; as long as -; this conjunction also limits the scope of the intended generalization

C eventually
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Re: Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2009, 01:25
Usage of 'As' seems correct, but it should imply that gradually machines were replacing the humans.

I think best choice would have been if given an option
As machines started replacing the human labor

For me C doesn't represent the continuous process, which should correctly correspond to the second part of the sentence "continue to become shorter".

.. It would keep getting shorter as machines were replacing the human labors.

I think continuous is required in here. (left with the options A and E)

A is awkward.
I will go with E.

In E

"Human labor being replaced by machines" is modifying "there" (location could be city, town , etc). Any opinions on it? Is it the correct modification. I am not sure but make some sense to me.

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Re: Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 05:20
correct usage will be "anticipated that"...Out of the options with the correct usage, C has no modifier error..My vote for C...
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Re: Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 05:22
Dude E is passive...As far as possible, avoid usages of being in GMAT...

Quote:
Usage of 'As' seems correct, but it should imply that gradually machines were replacing the humans.

I think best choice would have been if given an option
As machines started replacing the human labor

For me C doesn't represent the continuous process, which should correctly correspond to the second part of the sentence "continue to become shorter".

.. It would keep getting shorter as machines were replacing the human labors.

I think continuous is required in here. (left with the options A and E)

A is awkward.
I will go with E.

In E

"Human labor being replaced by machines" is modifying "there" (location could be city, town , etc). Any opinions on it? Is it the correct modification. I am not sure but make some sense to me.

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Re: Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 08:07
Also.. it is widely anticipated looks a lot better than there is a wide anticipation ..
C IMO
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Re: Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2018, 07:46
"C --- look at this, we have two clauses (complete sentences); machine replacing labor ; the wider anticipation was that ..work week get short

classical case of missing conjugation

A, and B

As A (happened/happening), B (resulted)

When is NOT good conjugation, As (present) cause --result connection between the two sentences."
Re: Machines replacing human labor, there was wide anticipation   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2018, 07:46
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