Many American cities have been unsuccessful in their efforts : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Many American cities have been unsuccessful in their efforts

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Many American cities have been unsuccessful in their efforts [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2004, 21:14
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Many American cities have been unsuccessful in their efforts "to move mental patients out of mammoth asylums and that treat" them in their local communities.

(b) to move mental patients out of mammoth asylums and treat
(c) to move mental patients out of mammoth

Which is correct and why?
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01 Feb 2004, 21:24
Their efforts to move X and that treat them
Their efforts that treat them (incoherent)
Their efforts to move X [in order] to treat them (subordination)
Their efforts to move X and [to] treat them (coordination)
Their efforts to move X for [the purpose of] treating them (subordination)

Answer is B, given the original sentence has coordination.

Last edited by Zhung Gazi on 01 Feb 2004, 22:03, edited 1 time in total.
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01 Feb 2004, 21:56
Sorry - I did not completely type "c".

(c) to move mental patients out of mammoth asylums for treating

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01 Feb 2004, 22:05
Your correct C(italicized) was inserted in my previous post.
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01 Feb 2004, 22:13
You chose (b) ahead of (c) because you wanted to preserve coordination - is that right?

I don't think there is any rule which states that the coordination/subordination implied/stated in the original sentence must be preserved - is there?

On the contrary, the test is to figure out whether coordination or subordination is better for this sentence and choose accordingly.

DOn't you think that in this case subordination makes more sense as "people are moved out of asylums so that they can be treated in their local communities"?

Thanks.
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01 Feb 2004, 22:33
Quote:
You chose (b) ahead of (c) because you wanted to preserve coordination - is that right?

This is not the only reason. Except for predication, I consider all other modifications(for exx.. adjective) a sort of subordination. The original sentence has no tinge of "purpose", "result", or "cause"(look at "and that"). "attempts to move", "chance to win", or "need to call" are all kinda non-finite appositive clauses, or whatever you call/analyze, but not purposives.

If you chose purposive/result/cause, you are overreaching. We are asked not to change the original structure/meaning unless you find all ther choices are wrong/incoherent in many other ways.

The other way is to look at the scope of "that treat". In the original it is linked to "efforts", but not to the predicator.

In OG, there are examples re: chosing b/w subordination and coordination( the sloth, OG#163).
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Many American cities have been unsuccessful in their efforts [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2016, 10:02
Seattle_76 wrote:
Many American cities have been unsuccessful in their efforts "to move mental patients out of mammoth asylums and that treat" them in their local communities.

(b) to move mental patients out of mammoth asylums and treat
(c) to move mental patients out of mammoth asylums for treating

Which is correct and why?

chetan2u Can you please explain why C is incorrect.? 'and' in option B creates 2 different actions - have been unsuccessful to move and (have been unsuccessful to) treat. IMO option C fixes that as the efforts to move the mental patients out of the asylums were for treating them in their local communities.
Thank you.!
Many American cities have been unsuccessful in their efforts   [#permalink] 14 Jun 2016, 10:02
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