GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 23 Oct 2019, 21:53

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58471
Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Sep 2018, 05:17
10
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (02:33) correct 39% (02:53) wrong based on 126 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respectively, to complete a certain project than what they would have taken to complete the same project working together. How many hours do Mark and Kate take to complete the project, working together?

(A) 12
(B) 16
(C) 18
(D) 24
(E) 39

_________________
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9704
Location: Pune, India
Re: Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Sep 2018, 04:30
5
2
Bunuel wrote:
Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respectively, to complete a certain project than what they would have taken to complete the same project working together. How many hours do Mark and Kate take to complete the project, working together?

(A) 12
(B) 16
(C) 18
(D) 24
(E) 39

Say they both take T hrs when working together.

When Mark works independently, he takes 12 hrs to do what Kate does in T hrs.
Ratio of speed of Mark:Kate = T:12

When Kate works independently, she takes 27 hrs to do what Mark does in T hrs.
Ratio of speed of Mark:Kate = 27:T

$$\frac{T}{12} = \frac{27}{T}$$

$$T = 18 hrs$$
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

General Discussion
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8025
Re: Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Sep 2018, 21:02
2
1
Bunuel wrote:
Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respectively, to complete a certain project than what they would have taken to complete the same project working together. How many hours do Mark and Kate take to complete the project, working together?

(A) 12
(B) 16
(C) 18
(D) 24
(E) 39

The statement becomes $$\frac{1}{x+12}$$+$$\frac{1}{x+27}$$=$$\frac{1}{x}$$

Substitute the choices and see what fits in...

(A) 12.....1/24+1/27=1/12.....no because 1/12 is 2 times 1/24
(B) 16.....1/28+1/41=1/16.....no,because 41 cannot get cancelled being prime
(C) 18......1/30+1/45=1/15....75/30*45=5/2*45=1/2*9=1/18..yes
(D) 24......1/36+1/51=1/24...again no
(E) 39..same way no

C
_________________
Intern
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 3
Re: Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Sep 2018, 21:45
*(1/x+12)+(1/x+27)= 1/x
*(x+27+x+12)/[(x+12)(x+27)]=1/x
*(2x+39)/[(x+12)(x+27)]=1/x
2x^2+39x=x^2+39x+324
*X^2-324=0
*X=18

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Joined: 27 Aug 2018
Posts: 3
Location: United States
Schools: Kelley (A)
GMAT 1: 620 Q32 V38
GPA: 3.56
Re: Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Sep 2018, 04:13
Can someone explain the equation set up?
VP
Joined: 09 Mar 2016
Posts: 1230
Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Sep 2018, 13:30
chetan2u wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respectively, to complete a certain project than what they would have taken to complete the same project working together. How many hours do Mark and Kate take to complete the project, working together?

(A) 12
(B) 16
(C) 18
(D) 24
(E) 39

The statement becomes $$\frac{1}{x+12}$$+$$\frac{1}{x+27}$$=$$\frac{1}{x}$$

Substitute the choices and see what fits in...

(A) 12.....1/24+1/27=1/12.....no because 1/12 is 2 times 1/24
(B) 16.....1/28+1/41=1/16.....no,because 41 cannot get cancelled being prime
(C) 18......1/30+1/45=1/15....75/30*45=5/2*45=1/2*9=1/18..yes
(D) 24......1/36+1/51=1/24...again no
(E) 39..same way no

C

chetan2u why are you adding values in denominator, as per the question if they work together with +12 and+27 hours it, then working together it means that their times should be x-12 and x-27 respectively
Target Test Prep Representative
Status: Founder & CEO
Affiliations: Target Test Prep
Joined: 14 Oct 2015
Posts: 8147
Location: United States (CA)
Re: Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Sep 2018, 18:02
2
Bunuel wrote:
Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respectively, to complete a certain project than what they would have taken to complete the same project working together. How many hours do Mark and Kate take to complete the project, working together?

(A) 12
(B) 16
(C) 18
(D) 24
(E) 39

We can let x = the number of hours it would take Mark and Kate to finish the project if they were working together. Thus, Mark’s rate by himself is (x + 12) hours, and Kate’s rate by herself is (x + 27) hours.

Let’s create the equation for their rates. Mark’s rate is 1/(x + 12), Kate’s rate is 1/(x + 27), and their combined rate is 1/x. Thus, we have:

1/(x+12) + 1/(x+27) = 1/x

Multiplying by x(x+27)(x+12) we have:

x(x+27) + x(x+12) = (x+27)(x+12)

x^2 + 27x + x^2 + 12x = x^2 + 39x + 324

x^2 = 324

x = 18

_________________

Scott Woodbury-Stewart

Founder and CEO

Scott@TargetTestPrep.com
122 Reviews

5-star rated online GMAT quant
self study course

See why Target Test Prep is the top rated GMAT quant course on GMAT Club. Read Our Reviews

If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" button.

Intern
Joined: 06 Oct 2018
Posts: 29
Re: Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

08 Oct 2018, 03:24
1
Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respectively, to complete a certain project than what they would have taken to complete the same project working together. How many hours do Mark and Kate take to complete the project, working together?

x = √(a*b)

x = time taken for Mark and Kate to do job together, a = the additional time Mark takes to complete the job alone (i.e T+12), b = the additional time Kate takes to complete job alone (i.e T +27)

x = √324
x = 18

This is the fastest way for these.

Got this method from ganand.
Manager
Joined: 28 Jan 2017
Posts: 136
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

25 Nov 2018, 02:55
Bunuel wrote:
Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respectively, to complete a certain project than what they would have taken to complete the same project working together. How many hours do Mark and Kate take to complete the project, working together?

(A) 12
(B) 16
(C) 18
(D) 24
(E) 39

Say they both take T hrs when working together.

When Mark works independently, he takes 12 hrs to do what Kate does in T hrs.
Ratio of speed of Mark:Kate = T:12

When Kate works independently, she takes 27 hrs to do what Mark does in T hrs.
Ratio of speed of Mark:Kate = 27:T

$$\frac{T}{12} = \frac{27}{T}$$

$$T = 18 hrs$$

Re: Mark and Kate individually take 12 hours more and 27 hours more, respe   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2018, 02:55
Display posts from previous: Sort by