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Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting

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Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 Jan 2019, 02:49
1
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:06) correct 39% (01:01) wrong based on 103 sessions

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Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating many insects.


A. inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating

B. the extermination or the inhibiting the growth of

C. the extermination of or the inhibition of the growth of

D. exterminated or inhibited reproduction of

E. exterminating or inhibiting the reproduction of many insects.


ans (e).
I have a confusion b/w options c and e. It's a question on 'X or Y' where X and Y need to be parallel and X as well Y should independently fit grammatically with the remainder of the sentence. This logic weeds out option a, b and d.
Now, according to Veritas, 'use of two "Noun+Preposition"s is awkward and the change to inhibition from more active inhibiting slightly changes the meaning of the sentence'.

According to me, option e significantly changes the meaning of the sentence:
The original sentence implies that modern pesticides exterminate many insects or inhibit the reproduction of many insects.
Option e implies that modern pesticides exterminate the reproduction of many insects or inhibit the reproduction of many insects.

Hence, c should be the correct option. Request you to let me know your thoughts.

Cheers,
Yash

Originally posted by yash23 on 22 Mar 2012, 19:04.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Jan 2019, 02:49, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 19:34
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C also has an unacceptable deviation from original intent. The original says ‘inhibiting the reproduction of’ while C says ‘inhibition of the growth of”

Empathizing with Veritas, this is how I see option E:

E. exterminating (many insects) or inhibiting the reproduction of (many insects)

A which comes close to this will not be as complete

inhibiting the reproduction(many insects) or exterminating (many insects)
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Re: Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2012, 00:36
Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating many insects.

c. the extermination of or the inhibition of the growth of

e. exterminating or inhibiting the reproduction of

a/b/d--> parallelism /meaning issue

E is correct usage and construction.

we say
X help Y by doing Z.
We cant say
X help Y by the work of something.

we can say

A was helped by the termination of Z

better say

"the termination of" suggests somewhat passive mode and is better used to suggests some action that is completed not ongoing.
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Re: Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2012, 14:24
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Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting the reproduction or exterminating many insects.
a. inhibiting the reproduction (OF is missing) or exterminating
b. the extermination or the inhibiting the growth of ('the inhibiting...' is awkward and wordy).
c. the extermination of or the inhibition of the growth of (This is wordy, and changes the meaning by swapping 'reproduction' for 'growth.')
d. exterminated or inhibited reproduction of (The verb form should be 'by Verb-ing)
e. exterminating or inhibiting the reproduction of many insects. ('exterminating' is in the correct form and 'inhibiting...of' is idiomatically correct and preserves the original meaning).
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Re: Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2012, 17:49
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You are asking why E, not C. I think the simple answer is a participle (inhibiting) is a better fit than a noun (inhibition). In general, a verb is better than a adjective better than a noun. This is an advanced topic covered by Manhattan in chapter 11 of their SC guide.

Also, make a simple sentence yourself. For example, I caught the mistake by the examination of my own work or I caught the mistake by examining my own work. Which one sounds better?
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Re: Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 02:50
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Modern pesticides provide a valuable service to farmers by inhibiting   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2019, 02:50
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