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# Modifiers

Author Message
Manager
Joined: 01 May 2018
Posts: 63

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27 Sep 2018, 18:36
The Engineer fixed the problem, earning himself a promotion. In this sentence himself is a modifier.

The engineer fixed the problem and earned a promotion. Is "and earned" a modifier?

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Manager
Joined: 23 Nov 2017
Posts: 119
Location: Singapore
Concentration: Strategy, Other
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V33

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27 Sep 2018, 19:00
1
singh8891 wrote:
The Engineer fixed the problem, earning himself a promotion. In this sentence himself is a modifier.

The engineer fixed the problem and earned a promotion. Is "and earned" a modifier?

Sent from my Moto G (4) using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

In the sentence -"The Engineer fixed the problem, earning himself a promotion", "The Engineer fixed the problem" is the main clause and "earning himself a promotion" is the adverbial modifier modifying the action the main clause. Himself is a reflexive pronoun referring back to the noun-Engineer.

The second sentence (The engineer fixed the problem and earned a promotion) has compound verbs fixed and earned linked correctly by the conjunction "and".

Hope this helps, and if it does, please press kudos.
Director
Joined: 02 Oct 2017
Posts: 734

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27 Sep 2018, 19:11
1
The Engineer fixed the problem, earning himself a promotion
This usage is not correct and Engineer himslef cannot earn promotion , It is the problem fixed which has resulting into promotion .

The engineer fixed the problem and earned a promotion
This sentence convey two things and are independent of each other.In comparison to above this usage is correct.

Give kudos if it helps
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Intern
Joined: 05 Apr 2018
Posts: 4
GMAT 1: 630 Q50 V25

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28 Sep 2018, 04:51
. “And earned “ is not a modifier. The engineer fixed the problem and earned a promotion. This sentence is an example in which there are two verbs. First verb is fixed the problem . Another verb is earned a promotion.

These two verbs are independent of each other . It’s possible that engineer did not get promotion because of solving a problem. ” And earned” doesnot modify anything.

However in first sentence, there is clear cause and effect relation. The engineer solved the problem which lead to earning his promotion.
Manager
Joined: 01 May 2018
Posts: 63

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28 Sep 2018, 10:46
singhashish41 wrote:
. “And earned “ is not a modifier. The engineer fixed the problem and earned a promotion. This sentence is an example in which there are two verbs. First verb is fixed the problem . Another verb is earned a promotion.

These two verbs are independent of each other . It’s possible that engineer did not get promotion because of solving a problem. ” And earned” doesnot modify anything.

However in first sentence, there is clear cause and effect relation. The engineer solved the problem which lead to earning his promotion.

Thanks...This explains it most clearly

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Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 04 Dec 2015
Posts: 689
GMAT 1: 790 Q51 V49
GRE 1: Q170 V170

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01 Oct 2018, 11:26
1
push12345 wrote:
The Engineer fixed the problem, earning himself a promotion
This usage is not correct and Engineer himslef cannot earn promotion , It is the problem fixed which has resulting into promotion .

The engineer fixed the problem and earned a promotion
This sentence convey two things and are independent of each other.In comparison to above this usage is correct.

Give kudos if it helps

Unfortunately, this isn't quite right. An '-ing verb' modifier, when it appears at the end of a sentence following a comma, modifies the main subject and verb of the clause it's attached to. So, in this case, it modifies 'engineer fixed'.

Since 'earning himself a promotion' is the result of 'engineer fixed [the problem]', then this modifier is being used correctly, and the sentence is correct.
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Re: Modifiers   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2018, 11:26
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