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# Most discussions of the factors contributing to improvements

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Most discussions of the factors contributing to improvements [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2006, 07:45
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Most discussions of the factors contributing to improvements in public health greatly underestimate the influence of the values held by individuals. This influence is indicated by the fact that the astonishing decline in mortality from infectious disease during the past century was primarily due to an improvement in living conditions. To a substantial degree, these improvements depended on the emphasis by an increasing share of the population on cleanliness, prudence, and moderation.

The main point of the passage is made primarily by
(A) analyzing existing data on medical practices and health outcomes
(B) presenting a set of related cause-and-effect assertions
(C) applying several general principles to a specific case
(D) presenting a general observation and supporting it with several specific examples
(E) refuting in detail a commonly accepted argument
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28 Apr 2006, 08:54
Is it D
ma466
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28 Apr 2006, 09:06
E.
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28 Apr 2006, 09:42
I think it is E
Because the argument starts off with refuting a commonly held theory
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29 Apr 2006, 01:29
IMO it is B. More cleanliness, prudence and moderation lead to improvement of living conditions and to lower mortality rate
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29 Apr 2006, 04:20
E, too.
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29 Apr 2006, 05:29
Actually I wud go with D!

Nowhere is a 'commonly accepted argument stated'. But the author does make an observation that "Most discussions of the factors contributing to improvements in public health greatly underestimate the influence of the values held by individuals"

Then he follows with example to illustrate his observation.

whats the OA?
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29 Apr 2006, 05:36
Individuals are not an increasing share of the population.

I`ll take (E) for refuting the opening sentence.
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30 Apr 2006, 12:15
I vote for D.
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30 Apr 2006, 18:17
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01 May 2006, 07:56
I will go for...B
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02 May 2006, 10:55
Remgeo,

Can you please post the OA.
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02 May 2006, 19:28
Inclining towards E.
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03 May 2006, 00:02
D...
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03 May 2006, 02:40
The OA is B.
I do not have the OE. But I do not see what cause - effect is outlined here.
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03 May 2006, 11:56
Director
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04 May 2006, 02:36
jeunesis, can you explain why you chose B or eliminated others.
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04 May 2006, 03:04
remgeo wrote:
Most discussions of the factors contributing to improvements in public health greatly underestimate the influence of the values held by individuals. This influence is indicated by the fact that the astonishing decline in mortality from infectious disease during the past century was primarily due to an improvement in living conditions. To a substantial degree, these improvements depended on the emphasis by an increasing share of the population on cleanliness, prudence, and moderation.

The main point of the passage is made primarily by
(A) analyzing existing data on medical practices and health outcomes
(B) presenting a set of related cause-and-effect assertions
(C) applying several general principles to a specific case
(D) presenting a general observation and supporting it with several specific examples
(E) refuting in detail a commonly accepted argument

Althogh it's weak, there is 'a set of cause-and-effect assertions'.

the question is 'The main point of the passage is made primarily by'

and the main point of the passage is that

'improvement in living conditions is underestimated for the reason of improvements in public health'

to show the importance of living conditions, it's using 'a set of cause-and-effect assertions'. (improvement in living conditions --> the astonishing decline in mortality)

I'm not sure it's clear explantion....
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04 May 2006, 07:34
E it is
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04 May 2006, 07:52
MA466 wrote:
E it is

OA is B !!
04 May 2006, 07:52

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