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New spray cans, which do not pollute in the way aerosol cans do, hopef

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New spray cans, which do not pollute in the way aerosol cans do, hopef  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Oct 2018, 04:45
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A
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C
D
E

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  85% (hard)

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35% (00:46) correct 65% (00:54) wrong based on 383 sessions

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New spray cans, which do not pollute in the way aerosol cans do, hopefully will reduce levels of pollution.


(A) in the way aerosol cans do, hopefully will reduce

(B) in the way aerosol cans do, will, it is hoped, reduce

(C) like aerosol cans, hopefully will reduce

(D) like aerosol cans, would reduce, hopefully

(E) such as aerosol cans do, will, it is hoped, reduce


Can anyone please explain the answer. Also, is there any rule that says "hopefully" is almost always wrong in GMAT?

Originally posted by vivgmat on 23 Nov 2010, 18:26.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Oct 2018, 04:45, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: New spray cans, which do not pollute in the way aerosol cans do, hopef  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2010, 20:06
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MeinKampf wrote:
New spray cans, which do not pollute in the way aerosol cans do, hopefully will reduce levels of pollution.

a.) in the way aerosol cans do, hopefully will reduce

b.) in the way aerosol cans do, will, it is hoped, reduce

c.) like aerosol cans, hopefully will reduce

d.) like aerosol cans, would reduce, hopefully

e.) such as aerosol cans do, will, it is hoped, reduce

Can anyone please explain the answer. Also, is there any rule that says "hopefully" is almost always wrong in GMAT?


Here's a good general rule to follow (on both the GMAT and in real life): if you're using the word "hopefully", you're probably using it incorrectly.

Hopefully is an adverb, so it generally modifies verbs (although adverbs can also modify adjectives and other adverbs). So, when you say "it hopefully will reduce", "hopefully" is modifying the verb "will reduce", not expressing your desire that the reduction will take place.

Pretty much the only time you could use "hopefully" properly is if you're modifying an emotion. For example, you could say "I sighed hopefully", meaning "my sigh expressed hope".

So, on the GMAT, it's extremely unlikely that "hopefully" will be part of the correct answer. Since the word is so commonly misused, the GMAT likes to frequently test it.

Accordingly, we can quickly eliminate A, C and D.

(E) has the awkward "such as aerosol cans do" (such as usually refers to things, not actions), so let's knock that one out as well. With only 1 choice remaining, we choose (B) hopefully!
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Re: New spray cans, which do not pollute in the way aerosol cans do, hopef  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2018, 04:46
vivgmat wrote:
New spray cans, which do not pollute in the way aerosol cans do, hopefully will reduce levels of pollution.


(A) in the way aerosol cans do, hopefully will reduce

(B) in the way aerosol cans do, will, it is hoped, reduce

(C) like aerosol cans, hopefully will reduce

(D) like aerosol cans, would reduce, hopefully

(E) such as aerosol cans do, will, it is hoped, reduce


Can anyone please explain the answer. Also, is there any rule that says "hopefully" is almost always wrong in GMAT?



MANHATTAN REVIEW OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



‘Hopefully’ is an adverb. It can be used in a sentence such as: The skier looked hopefully at the sky in search of snow. It cannot be used as a replacement for ‘I hope’, ‘we hope’ or ‘it is hoped’. Eliminate A, C and D. It is not correct to say ‘pollute such as aerosol cans do’. Eliminate E. The correct answer choice is B.
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Re: New spray cans, which do not pollute in the way aerosol cans do, hopef &nbs [#permalink] 10 Oct 2018, 04:46
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