GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 11 Dec 2019, 20:08

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59674
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Dec 2017, 01:29
16
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (01:40) correct 36% (01:41) wrong based on 191 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Director
Director
avatar
P
Joined: 24 Nov 2016
Posts: 955
Location: United States
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Dec 2017, 11:05
1
Bunuel wrote:
Image
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png


A rectangular coordinate system has four quadrants: I, II, III and IV.

Quad I is the top right area of the graph and can have only positive points (+x,+y)
Quad II is the top left area and can have only negative x's and positive y's (-x,+y)
Quad III is the bottom left area and can have only negative points (-x,-y)
Quad IV is the bottom right area and can have only positive x's and negative y's (+x,-y)

So, the point that is in the shaded area is inside Quadrant III and is greater than or equal to the y-coordinate of line m. Also, all points inside Quad III must have negative coordinates, so the answer has to be either (A) or (C), eliminate the rest.

The slope intercept form of a line is \(y=mx+b\), where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept.

To calculate the slope of a line (m): \(\frac{(y2-y1)}{(x2-x1)}\)

To calculate the y-intercept (b): find the slope and replace one point of the line in the equation.

Line m passes through the origin (0,0) and point (3,6), so the slope is equal to \(\frac{(6-0)}{(3-0)}=2\) and b is: \(y=(2)x+b, (0)=(2)(0)+b,
b = 0\).

Line m is \(y=2x\)

(A) (-4,-5): replace x-coordinate in line m, \(y=2x\), \(y=2(-4) = -8\); (-5) is greater than (-8), so (A) is on the shaded area.
(C) (-5,-12): replace x-coordinate in line m, \(y=2x\), \(y=2(-5) = -10\); (-12) is less than (-10), so (C) is not on the shaded area.

(A) is the answer.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Sep 2017
Posts: 5
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Dec 2017, 02:22
1
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png
[/quote]

A rectangular coordinate system has four quadrants: I, II, III and IV.

Quad I is the top right area of the graph and can have only positive points (+x,+y)
Quad II is the top left area and can have only negative x's and positive y's (-x,+y)
Quad III is the bottom left area and can have only negative points (-x,-y)
Quad IV is the bottom right area and can have only positive x's and negative y's (+x,-y)

So, the point that is in the shaded area is inside Quadrant III and is greater than or equal to the y-coordinate of line m. Also, all points inside Quad III must have negative coordinates, so the answer has to be either (A) or (C), eliminate the rest.

The slope intercept form of a line is \(y=mx+b\), where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept.

To calculate the slope of a line (m): \(\frac{(y2-y1)}{(x2-x1)}\)

To calculate the y-intercept (b): find the slope and replace one point of the line in the equation.

Line m passes through the origin (0,0) and point (3,6), so the slope is equal to \(\frac{(6-0)}{(3-0)}=2\) and b is: \(y=(2)x+b, (0)=(2)(0)+b,
b = 0\).

Line m is \(y=2x\)

(A) (-4,-5): replace x-coordinate in line m, \(y=2x\), \(y=2(-4) = -8\); (-5) is greater than (-8), so (A) is on the shaded area.
(C) (-5,-12): replace x-coordinate in line m, \(y=2x\), \(y=2(-5) = -10\); (-12) is less than (-10), so (C) is not on the shaded area.

(A) is the answer.[/quote]

There is no problem with Slope of line but there is point that for values in 4th Quadrant, lesser the value more chances of being away from origin, since there is one point difference between values of x -4 and -5 but for y- value lesser the value more chances being in shaded region, therefore for me C is option, i even tried to plot those points and C is answer
Director
Director
avatar
P
Joined: 31 Jul 2017
Posts: 507
Location: Malaysia
Schools: INSEAD Jan '19
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V33
GPA: 3.95
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Dec 2017, 04:51
Bunuel wrote:
Image
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png


Hi chetan2u, amanvermagmat

From the equation Slope m = tanx = 2.... From Option A & C tanx = 1.25 and 2.4.... more the value of m, more the angle x will incline towards Y-axis.. less the value of m.. more the angle will incline towards x-axis.. So option A.

Can you please provide your feedback on this or am I missing something??
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9869
Location: Pune, India
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Dec 2017, 05:22
Bunuel wrote:
Image
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png


The line passes through two points: (3, 6), (0, 0)

Equation of this line is y = 2x (since slope is 2 and y intercept is 0)
So y - 2x = 0

Consider any point on the left side of the line e.g. (-1, 0). If we plug it in y - 2x, we get 2 which is positive.
So our shaded region is represented by y - 2x > 0 and y < 0.

So options (B) and (D) are straight away out (since y is positive in them).
Option (A) satisfies y - 2x > 0 and hence is the answer.

For more on this approach, check:
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2010/1 ... he-graphs/
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2010/1 ... s-part-ii/
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
Retired Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 22 Aug 2013
Posts: 1409
Location: India
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Dec 2017, 11:09
1
rahul16singh28 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Image
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png


Hi chetan2u, amanvermagmat

From the equation Slope m = tanx = 2.... From Option A & C tanx = 1.25 and 2.4.... more the value of m, more the angle x will incline towards Y-axis.. less the value of m.. more the angle will incline towards x-axis.. So option A.

Can you please provide your feedback on this or am I missing something??



Hi Rahul

Slope of a line is calculated from two points on the line, not from a single point. I think you are calculating slope based on a single point only. From your query I assume that from option A, you have calculated slope as -5/-4 = 1.25, this is not how we find slope because slope of a single point is meaningless. Slope is always about join of two points (since this join will form a line), and with the slope we can get some idea about how the join of these two points will tilt and look like. Slope of a line passing through points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is = (y2-y1)/x2-x1) Or (y1-y2)/(x1-x2)

The line which is given in the diagram, line m - we know this line passes through the origin (which is 0,0) and another point (3,6). So its slope is (6-0)/(3-0) = 6/3 = 2.
Now our required point has to be in the shaded area, and the entire shaded area lies in 3rd quadrant, where both x and y coordinates are negative. So out of the given options we have only two to consider A and C options, where the points given are (-4, -5) and (-5, -12) respectively.

If we look at option C. Now imagine a line which connects the point (3,6) to (-5, -12). The slope of this line will be = (-12-6)/(-5-3) = 18/8 > 2. Since the slope of line formed like this is positive but greater than that of line m, this line will tilt further towards y-axis than the given line m (when comparing two positive slopes, the higher the slope the steeper the line). Because of this tilt, in the first quadrant this line will lie to the left of line m, and in the third quadrant this line will lie to the right of line m. Which automatically leaves the shaded area (doesn't include it). Hence option C point (-5, -12) cannot lie in the shaded area.

Now lets look at option A, if we join the point (3,6) with point (-4, -5) then the slope of line so formed will be = (-5-6)/(-4-3) = 11/7 < 2.
Since slope of this line is positive but less than that of line m, this line will tilt away from y-axis than line m (since slope of m is greater, it will be steeper than this line). So in the first quadrant this line will lie to the right of line m, and in the third quadrant this line will lie to the left of line m. Because of lying to the left of line m, this will definitely intersect with the shaded area there. Hence we can conclude that this point (-4, -5) will lie in the shaded area.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 18 Jan 2018
Posts: 50
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jan 2018, 19:16
1
Tried to get it without paper work. Shaded region is in 3rd quadrant so (-x, -y). Leaves us with options A & C.

Slope of the line is 2. So lines from origin (0, 0) to any point (-x, -y) on the shaded region should have slope less than 2.

Only option A satisfies the above condition and hence it is the right choice.

Just restarted my GMAT life. KUDOs please :-)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 24 Jan 2018
Posts: 1
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jan 2018, 00:54
My approach:
Since the shaded area is in 3rd quadrant, both the co-ordinates shall be -ve.
Eliminate B, D & E.
Left with A & C
Line M has an ascending slope.
The unshaded area in the 3rd quadrant will increase more and more as we go down on y axis i.e far from the origin on y axis.
Co-ordinate -12 (in option C) on y-axis is the farthest than co-ordinate -5 (in option A).
Thus Option A.
Bunuel.. Is my logic correct?
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 07 Jun 2017
Posts: 37
Location: United Arab Emirates
Concentration: Healthcare, International Business
Schools: Queen's MBA'20
GMAT 1: 580 Q42 V28
GPA: 3.19
Reviews Badge
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Mar 2018, 00:52
CAN BE DONE WITHOUT PAPER .SHADED REGION IN 3 QUAD.THEREFORE BOTH X AND Y INTERCEPT SHOULD BE NEGATIVE.THIS BRINGS DOWN TO 2 CHOICES EITHER A OR C.
slope =2
shaded region will have slope less then 2 ,only A satisfy this condition .hence ans is A
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Feb 2017
Posts: 44
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Nov 2019, 02:25
VeritasKarishma wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Image
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png


The line passes through two points: (3, 6), (0, 0)

Equation of this line is y = 2x (since slope is 2 and y intercept is 0)
So y - 2x = 0

Consider any point on the left side of the line e.g. (-1, 0). If we plug it in y - 2x, we get 2 which is positive.
So our shaded region is represented by y - 2x > 0 and y < 0.

So options (B) and (D) are straight away out (since y is positive in them).
Option (A) satisfies y - 2x > 0 and hence is the answer.

For more on this approach, check:
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2010/1 ... he-graphs/
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2010/1 ... s-part-ii/



Hi VeritasKarishma,

I totally understand this concept. However, my doubt is that instead of taking y-2x, if we take 2x-y and substitute -4,-5, we see that 2x-y becomes < 0. Can you please explain where am I mistaking in my concept here? y=2x can be both y-2x=0 and 2x-y=0.
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9869
Location: Pune, India
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Nov 2019, 03:13
aviejay wrote:
VeritasKarishma wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Image
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png


The line passes through two points: (3, 6), (0, 0)

Equation of this line is y = 2x (since slope is 2 and y intercept is 0)
So y - 2x = 0

Consider any point on the left side of the line e.g. (-1, 0). If we plug it in y - 2x, we get 2 which is positive.
So our shaded region is represented by y - 2x > 0 and y < 0.

So options (B) and (D) are straight away out (since y is positive in them).
Option (A) satisfies y - 2x > 0 and hence is the answer.

For more on this approach, check:
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2010/1 ... he-graphs/
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2010/1 ... s-part-ii/



Hi VeritasKarishma,

I totally understand this concept. However, my doubt is that instead of taking y-2x, if we take 2x-y and substitute -4,-5, we see that 2x-y becomes < 0. Can you please explain where am I mistaking in my concept here? y=2x can be both y-2x=0 and 2x-y=0.



Note that y - 2x = 0 or 2x - y = 0 is the equation of the line (of course, both are same). We need to find how to represent the shaded region bounded by this line and x axis.

(-1, 0), which lies in the shaded region, makes 2x - y < 0 so the shaded region is represented by 2x - y < 0 and y < 0 (since it is below the x axis).

Now check which of the given five options satisfies these conditions. Only (-4, -5) does.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Feb 2017
Posts: 44
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Nov 2019, 04:34
Bunuel wrote:
Image
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png



Thanks a lot VeritasKarishma,

Sorry for the separate mail thread. I was not allowed to continue in the same thread.

So what I understand is that the shaded region will be represented either as 2x-y<0 and y<0 or y-2x<0 and y<0. Can you please explain why is the inequality sign getting reversed w.r.t the equation? The concept that i knew was that the region above the graph is positive and that below the graph is negative. However can you please what is the dependence between the variables and the inequality sign?

Are you saying that we could test the inequality with a simple sure shot point in the region and decide on the inequality sign w.r.t the expression used?
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9869
Location: Pune, India
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Nov 2019, 05:03
aviejay wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Image
Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located in the shaded region of the graph shown above?

(A) (–4, –5)
(B) (–4, 5)
(C) (–5, –12)
(D) (–5, 10)
(E) (5, – 10)

Attachment:
2017-12-15_1301_001.png



Thanks a lot VeritasKarishma,

Sorry for the separate mail thread. I was not allowed to continue in the same thread.

So what I understand is that the shaded region will be represented either as 2x-y<0 and y<0 or y-2x<0 and y<0. Can you please explain why is the inequality sign getting reversed w.r.t the equation? The concept that i knew was that the region above the graph is positive and that below the graph is negative. However can you please what is the dependence between the variables and the inequality sign?

Are you saying that we could test the inequality with a simple sure shot point in the region and decide on the inequality sign w.r.t the expression used?


A line is represented by y = mx + c. This is an equation. This divides the co-ordinate plane into two parts. One will be y < mx + c and the other will be y > mx + c. Usually, we plug in (0, 0) into the line and see which inequality holds. Now the region in which (0, 0) lies is the region of that inequality.

Note here that our shaded region is represented by either 2x - y < 0 or by y - 2x > 0. In both cases, it is just 2x < y which is the same as y > 2x. It has to be the same because we are talking about the same region.
So our line is y = 2x, and our shaded region is y > 2x.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2019, 05:03
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Of the following, which are the coordinates of a point that is located

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne