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Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad
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19 Aug 2018, 08:13

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Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad dressing. If Larry has 8 cups of oil, 7 cups of vinegar, and access to any amount of water, what is the maximum number of cups of salad dressing he can make with the ingredients he has available, if fractional cup measurements are possible?

Re: Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad
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08 Dec 2018, 17:02

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Bunuel wrote:

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad dressing. If Larry has 8 cups of oil, 7 cups of vinegar, and access to any amount of water, what is the maximum number of cups of salad dressing he can make with the ingredients he has available, if fractional cup measurements are possible?

Re: Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad
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19 Aug 2018, 08:56

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Bunuel wrote:

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad dressing. If Larry has 8 cups of oil, 7 cups of vinegar, and access to any amount of water, what is the maximum number of cups of salad dressing he can make with the ingredients he has available, if fractional cup measurements are possible?

(A) 12 (B) 13 (C) 14 (D) 15 (E) 16

By Q-stem : \(O:V:W=3:2:1\) , so for 8 cups of oil we need = \(\frac{8}{3}*2\) =\(5 \frac{1}{3}\) \(<7\) cups of Vineger And as \(V:W =2:1\), the amount of water required is \(\frac{8}{3}\). Hence total salad : \(8\)+\(\frac{8}{3}*2\) + \(\frac{8}{3}\) = \(8+8 =16\) cups Hence Ans E.
_________________

Please let me know if I am going in wrong direction. Thanks in appreciation.

Re: Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad
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10 Dec 2018, 10:04

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Top Contributor

Bunuel wrote:

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad dressing. If Larry has 8 cups of oil, 7 cups of vinegar, and access to any amount of water, what is the maximum number of cups of salad dressing he can make with the ingredients he has available, if fractional cup measurements are possible?

(A) 12 (B) 13 (C) 14 (D) 15 (E) 16

GIVEN: oil: vinegar : water = 3 : 2 : 1

Let's first try to use ALL 8 cups of oil Take 3 : 2 : 1 and multiply all 3 parts by 8/3 to get the EQUIVALENT ratio 8 : 16/3 : 8/3 Simplify to get: 8 : 5 1/3 : 2 2/3 So, in this case, the dressing is comprised of 8 cups of oil, 5 1/3 cups of vinegar, and 2 2/3 cups of water Notice that we have enough vinegar to make this batch.

8 cups + 5 1/3 cups + 2 2/3 cups = 16 cups So, the TOTAL volume = 16 cups

IMPORTANT: Notice that 16 is the biggest answer choice. This means we need not explore what happens when we try to use ALL 7 cups on the vinegar, since the answer choices tell us that we will NOT get a value greater than 16

Re: Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad
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15 Mar 2019, 17:53

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Bunuel wrote:

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad dressing. If Larry has 8 cups of oil, 7 cups of vinegar, and access to any amount of water, what is the maximum number of cups of salad dressing he can make with the ingredients he has available, if fractional cup measurements are possible?

(A) 12 (B) 13 (C) 14 (D) 15 (E) 16

We can create the ratio of oil : vinegar : water = 3x : 2x : x

Since Larry has 8 cups of oil, we have:

3x = 8

x = 8/3 = 2 ⅔

Since Larry has 7 cups of vinegar, we have:

2x = 7

x = 7/2 = 3.5

We see that we must use the smaller of the two values of x since, if we used 3.5 for x, we would need to have 3 x 3.5 = 10.5 cups of oil (but we have only 8 cups of oil).

Since the total number of cups of dressing is 3x + 2x + x = 6x and x = 8/3, the total number of cups of dressing that can be made is 8/3 x 6 = 16 cups.

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad
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03 Oct 2019, 00:06

Bunuel wrote:

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad dressing. If Larry has 8 cups of oil, 7 cups of vinegar, and access to any amount of water, what is the maximum number of cups of salad dressing he can make with the ingredients he has available, if fractional cup measurements are possible?

(A) 12 (B) 13 (C) 14 (D) 15 (E) 16

This is how i solved

Notice the original ratio is 3: 2: 1 for Oil Vinegar and water. which effectively means Oil is Half of the mixture = 3/6

Now if we know the max quantity we have is 8 cups of oil which could be = at max half the quantity of the mixture if we use the entire 8 cups of oil.

Now the other 2 ie Vinegar and Water are 2/3 * of the other half and 1/3 of other half of the mixture= 8

Or vinegar needed for the mixture if we were to use the entire 8 cups of oil = 2/3*8 = 5.3 cups of vinegar and we are told we have 7 cups at our disposal so great we need only 5.3 cups of vinegar

and water would be 1/3 of 8 = 8/3 = 2.7 cups ( We know Water availability is infinite )

So max quantity of salad we can make is 8 + 5.3 + 2.7 = 16 ans choice e

gmatclubot

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad
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03 Oct 2019, 00:06