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One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industria

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One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industria  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Dec 2018, 03:10
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One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industrial Revolution was that living standards for the general population began to increase consistently for the first time in history, while an opposing theory holds that it did not begin to improve meaningfully until the late 1800s.


(A) while an opposing theory holds that it did not begin

(B) while an opposing theory holds that they have not begun

(C) but an opposing theory holds that it did not begin

(D) but an opposing theory holds that they did not begin

(E) with an opposing theory holding that it did not begin

Originally posted by parijit on 22 Dec 2018, 21:20.
Last edited by Bunuel on 23 Dec 2018, 03:10, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industria  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2018, 22:36
One historical theory posits that an important effect of
the Industrial Revolution was that living standards for
the general population began to increase consistently
for the first time in history, while an opposing theory
holds that it did not begin to improve meaningfully
until the late 1800s.
(A) while an opposing theory holds that it did not
begin
(B) while an opposing theory holds that they have not
begun
(C) but an opposing theory holds that it did not
begin
(D) but an opposing theory holds that they did
not begin
(E) with an opposing theory holding that it did
not begin

Answer - D

Option A- it is referring to living standards( singular plural mismatch)
Option B- tense error , we are talking about past , not past coming to present
Option C - same as A
Option D- correct
Option E - same as A
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Re: One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industria  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2019, 22:11
One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industrial Revolution was that living standards for the general population began to increase consistently for the first time in history, while an opposing theory holds that it did not begin to improve meaningfully until the late 1800s.


(A) while an opposing theory holds that it did not begin --> plural: living standards, it: singular

(B) while an opposing theory holds that they have not begun --> past tense required i.e. D is better

(C) but an opposing theory holds that it did not begin --> same as A

(D) but an opposing theory holds that they did not begin --> correct

(E) with an opposing theory holding that it did not begin--> same as A
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Re: One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industria  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2019, 22:41
parijit wrote:
One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industrial Revolution was that living standards for the general population began to increase consistently for the first time in history, while an opposing theory holds that it did not begin to improve meaningfully until the late 1800s.


IMO "while" and "but" both can used as correct conjunctions without introducing any error.

(A) while an opposing theory holds that it did not begin

The subject of second subordinate clause is "Living standards (plural)" so we need a plural pronoun "they" and not "it".

(B) while an opposing theory holds that they have not begun

Verb tense can not be present perfect "have not begun". It must be in the past tense.

(C) but an opposing theory holds that it did not begin

The subject of second subordinate clause is "Living standards (plural)" so we need a plural pronoun "they" and not "it".

(D) but an opposing theory holds that they did not begin

(E) with an opposing theory holding that it did not begin

"with" is a preposition and it makes no sense here. Also use of "it" is incorrect.
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Re: One historical theory posits that an important effect of the Industria   [#permalink] 20 Feb 2019, 22:41
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