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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59730
One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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2
5 00:00

Difficulty:   85% (hard)

Question Stats: 44% (01:38) correct 56% (01:34) wrong based on 154 sessions

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One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive even integers. What is the probability that k = 10?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.

(2) The probability that k = 10 is the same as the probability that k = -10.

Kudos for a correct solution.

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Senior Manager  Joined: 07 Aug 2011
Posts: 499
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27 One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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1
Bunuel wrote:
One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive even integers. What is the probability that k = 10?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.
(2) The probability that k = 10 is the same as the probability that k = -10.

Kudos for a correct solution.

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.
as average is 0 and there are 11 elements , 6th element is 0 .
A+(6-1)*2 =0 ; A=-10 , set is : -10,-8,-6,......0.........6,8,10
sufficient.

(2) The probability that k = 10 is the same as the probability that k = -10.
P can be zero
OR
P can be some fraction
P cannot be zero .
so -10 and 10 both exists in the set and there are 11 elements.
set is : -10,-8,-6,......0.........6,8,10
Sufficient.

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Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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4
Bunuel wrote:
One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive even integers. What is the probability that k = 10?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.

(2) The probability that k = 10 is the same as the probability that k = -10.

Kudos for a correct solution.

1) The average of the set is zero. This means that our consecutive integers will be centered around zero. Listing out these numbers, we see that with 11 numbers, the only possible set is {-10,-8,-6,-4,-2,0,2,4,6,8,10}

Therefore, the probability that k = 10 = 1/11. Sufficient.

2) P(10) = P(-10).

This answer is tricky. If 10 and -10 are both in the set, then the probability of picking 10 = 1/11. However, if neither 10 nor -10 are in the set, the probability is zero. This answer is NOT sufficient.

Senior Manager  Joined: 07 Aug 2011
Posts: 499
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27 Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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Lucky2783 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive even integers. What is the probability that k = 10?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.
(2) The probability that k = 10 is the same as the probability that k = -10.

Kudos for a correct solution.

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.
as average is 0 and there are 11 elements , 6th element is 0 .
A+(6-1)*2 =0 ; A=-10 , set is : -10,-8,-6,......0.........6,8,10
sufficient.

(2) The probability that k = 10 is the same as the probability that k = -10.
P can be zero when set is set is : 12,14,16.......11elements
OR
P can be some fraction when set is : -10,-8,-6,......0.........6,8,10

In sufficient

overlooked the question stem and thought that 0 mean is part of question stem.
Option B is insufficient.

Option A is the right answer
Intern  Joined: 17 Feb 2015
Posts: 27
GPA: 3
Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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Answer A. Statement 1 alone is sufficient.

Statement 1 and the fact that 11 consecutive numbers are present implies that the numbers are {-10,-9,...,0,1,...,10} So, we can find probability for k=10.

Statement 2. Here there are two possibilities. Either -10 and 10 are both present in the set, OR -10 and 10 are both absent from the set. In both cases probability will be different. Hence not sufficient.
EMPOWERgmat Instructor V
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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1
Hi All,

The prompt tells us that we're dealing with 11 consecutive even integers. We're then asked for the probability that a randomly selected number (K) from this set will equal 10. Based on this set-up, there are only two possibilities:

IF the number 10 is in the group, then the answer is 1/11
IF the number 10 is NOT in the group, then the answer is 0/11

So the real 'focus' of this question is about determining whether the number 10 is conclusively in the set (or not) or is possibly in the set (but possibly not).

Fact 1: The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.

Since the numbers in the set are consecutive, knowing the average allows us to figure out the specific values of the numbers. Here, those numbers are...

-10, -8, -6, -4, -2, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10

The number 10 is conclusively here, so the answer to the question is 1/11
Fact 1 is SUFFICIENT.

Fact 2: The probability that K = 10 is the same as the probability that K = -10.

There are 2 possibilities here.

IF....
Both -10 and 10 are in the set, as they are in this example:
-10, -8, -6, -4, -2, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
The answer to the question is 1/11

IF....
Both -10 and 10 are NOT in the set, as is the case in this example:
12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32
The answer to the question is 0/11
Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
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Intern  Joined: 29 Mar 2013
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Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive even integers. What is the probability that k = 10?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.

(2) The probability that k = 10 is the same as the probability that k = -10.

Kudos for a correct solution.

Statement1 . Suff
AM = 0, that shows ---------------------------------
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10
Total = 11.
Probability of K to be selected. 1/11

Statement 2: P(10)= P(-10 )
11 even consecutive terms. draws the same condition as mentioned in statement 2.

Hence D
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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1
Hi countonhearts,

You have to be careful with this question. Fact 2 states that the probabilities are equal; that means that could both be 1/11 OR they could both be 0/11....

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
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Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi countonhearts,

You have to be careful with this question. Fact 2 states that the probabilities are equal; that means that could both be 1/11 OR they could both be 0/11....

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

Rich,
Can you give a brief over if probabilities are equal, then how could both 1/11 or 0/11 ?

Thanks
EMPOWERgmat Instructor V
Status: GMAT Assassin/Co-Founder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 15736
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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Hi countonhearts,

Both of these examples were included in my original explanation. Note in the first example how BOTH 10 and -10 are in the set; in the second example, BOTH 10 and -10 are NOT in the set.....

Fact 2: The probability that K = 10 is the same as the probability that K = -10.

There are 2 possibilities here.

IF....
Both -10 and 10 are in the set, as they are in this example:
-10, -8, -6, -4, -2, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
The answer to the question is 1/11

IF....
Both -10 and 10 are NOT in the set, as is the case in this example:
12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32
The answer to the question is 0/11
Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
_________________
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59730
Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive even integers. What is the probability that k = 10?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) of the set is zero.

(2) The probability that k = 10 is the same as the probability that k = -10.

Kudos for a correct solution.

MAGOOSH OFFICIAL SOLUTION:
Attachment: Count_and_prob_k10.png [ 30.22 KiB | Viewed 1977 times ]

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Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: One number, k , is selected at random from a set of 11 consecutive eve   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2019, 21:57
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