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# Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
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Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2013, 11:59
2
7
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:25) correct 22% (01:31) wrong based on 387 sessions

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Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, William Gladstone, a Liberal in the classical sense, since he believed low taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial to democracy.

(A) Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, William Gladstone, a Liberal in the classical sense, since he believed low taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial to democracy.

(B) William Gladstone was a Liberal in the classical sense opposing government interference to the action of free markets, because he believed democracy would be benefited by low taxes and balanced budgets.

(C) William Gladstone, a Liberal in the classical sense, opposed governments interfering with the action of the free market and believed that low taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial for democracy.

(D) A Liberal in the classical sense, William Gladstone, opposed to governments interfering in the action of the free market and believing in low taxes and balanced budgets as a benefit for democracy.

(E) A Liberal in the classical sense, William Gladstone, who opposed to governments interfering for the action of the free market, and he believed that low taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial with democracy.

For a discussion of all the uses of "that" on the GMAT SC, as well as the explanation for this question, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sente ... es-of-that

Mike

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Re: Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2013, 21:36
mikemcgarry wrote:
Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, William Gladstone, a Liberal in the classical sense, since he believed low-taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial to democracy.
(A) Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, William Gladstone, a Liberal in the classical sense, since he believed low-taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial to democracy.
(B) William Gladstone was a Liberal in the classical sense opposing government interference to the action of free markets, because he believed democracy would be benefited by low-taxes and balanced budgets.
(C) William Gladstone, a Liberal in the classical sense, opposed governments interfering in the action of the free market, and believed that low-taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial for democracy.
(D) A Liberal in the classical sense, William Gladstone, opposed to governments interfering with the action of the free market, and believing in low-taxes and balanced budgets as a benefit for democracy.
(E) A Liberal in the classical sense, William Gladstone, who opposed to governments interfering for the action of the free market, and he believed that low-taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial with democracy.

For a discussion of all the uses of "that" on the GMAT SC, as well as the explanation for this question, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sente ... es-of-that

Mike

Hi Mike
I understand that all the other options are clearly wrong except

(C) William Gladstone, a Liberal in the classical sense, opposed governments interfering in the action of the free market, and believed that low-taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial for democracy.

But even in the above, I have one issue. I am removing the parenthetical element (non-restrictive information) and we have a construction as follows.
Noun + verb phrase + comma + and + verb phrase
which is equivalent to
Clause + comma + and + verb phrase

My question is, when there is a comma + and construction, shouldn't it separate two independent clauses? If the "and" was just listing the two verb phrases, the comma shouldn't be there.

Am I right?
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Re: Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2013, 09:59
sivasanjeev wrote:
Hi Mike
I understand that all the other options are clearly wrong except

(C) William Gladstone, a Liberal in the classical sense, opposed governments interfering in the action of the free market, and believed that low-taxes and balanced budgets were beneficial for democracy.

But even in the above, I have one issue. I am removing the parenthetical element (non-restrictive information) and we have a construction as follows.
Noun + verb phrase + comma + and + verb phrase
which is equivalent to
Clause + comma + and + verb phrase

My question is, when there is a comma + and construction, shouldn't it separate two independent clauses? If the "and" was just listing the two verb phrases, the comma shouldn't be there.

Am I right?

Dear sivasanjeev,
I checked with Lucas, the punctuation guru at Magoosh, and he concurs --- in a longer, more complicated sentence, the comma might be necessarily to remove ambiguity and clarify the larger organization of the sentence, but here, in (C), the comma serves essentially no role, so he agreed that it should be removed. I changed that a fe other minor things about the sentence above. Thanks for your input!
Mike
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Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Re: Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 05:23
--C--
Interfere with- correct idiom
Correct meaning retained with no grammatical error.
Nice question, as always is the case with mikemcgarry
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Re: Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 17:00
I solved it correctly. but still i need explanation
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Re: Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2018, 09:18

Official Explanation Magoosh:

A question about the Grand Old Man, William Gladstone (1809 – 1898).

Choice (A) commits the famous missing verb mistake, so this is incorrect.

Choice (B) has a modifier mistake: the modifier "opposing government interference to …" touched the noun "classical sense", but that is not what it is supposed to modify. That modifier is supposed to modify the subject, Gladstone, but that's not clear from its position. Also, this choice oddly uses the word "because" as a bridge to the second half, and stating the causality in this way is questionable. Choice (B) is incorrect.

Choice (C) is mostly good, but the second half of the sentence is unnecessarily wordy and indirect. Choice (C) is far from ideal but could pass as correct if we had no better option.

Choice (D) makes a couple strangely wordy and indirect choices: "was opposed to" instead of "opposed," and "were a benefit in democracy" instead of "were beneficial for democracy." These are awkward enough to eliminate (D) as an answer.

Choice (E) is grammatically and logically clear, and states everything with elegance and precision—altogether, much better than (C). Choice (E) is the best answer.
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Re: Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2018, 04:31
aragonn wrote:

Official Explanation Magoosh:

A question about the Grand Old Man, William Gladstone (1809 – 1898).

Choice (A) commits the famous missing verb mistake, so this is incorrect.

Choice (B) has a modifier mistake: the modifier "opposing government interference to …" touched the noun "classical sense", but that is not what it is supposed to modify. That modifier is supposed to modify the subject, Gladstone, but that's not clear from its position. Also, this choice oddly uses the word "because" as a bridge to the second half, and stating the causality in this way is questionable. Choice (B) is incorrect.

Choice (C) is mostly good, but the second half of the sentence is unnecessarily wordy and indirect. Choice (C) is far from ideal but could pass as correct if we had no better option.

Choice (D) makes a couple strangely wordy and indirect choices: "was opposed to" instead of "opposed," and "were a benefit in democracy" instead of "were beneficial for democracy." These are awkward enough to eliminate (D) as an answer.

Choice (E) is grammatically and logically clear, and states everything with elegance and precision—altogether, much better than (C). Choice (E) is the best answer.

Hi,

Choice E is incorrect. You may want to check again.

regards
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Re: Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2018, 01:54
A question about the Grand Old Man, William Gladstone (1809 – 1898).

Some of the choices commit the famous missing verb mistake. Neither choice (A) nor choice (D) has a main verb at all, so these are incorrect. Choice (E) has a variant of this: [noun phrase]”and”[independent clause], so the first half, before the word “and” commits the missing verb mistake. Choice (E) is also incorrect.

Choice (B) & (C) are the only two choices that are complete sentences, verbs and all. Choice (B) has a modifier mistake: the modifier “opposing government interference to …” touched the noun “classical sense“, but that is not what it is supposed to modify. That modifier is supposed to modify the subject, Gladstone, but that’s not clear from its position. Also, this choice oddly uses the word “because” as a bridge to the second half, and stating the causality in this way is questionable. Choice (B) is incorrect.

Choice (C) is grammatically and logically clear, and states everything with elegance and precision. Choice (C) is the best answer.
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Re: Opposing government interference to the action of the free market, Wil   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2018, 01:54
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