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Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 18:28
Is the standard deviation of set A greater than that of set B?

1) The median of set A is greater than that of set B
2) The average (arithmetic mean) of set A is greater than that of set B

==> In the original condition, more than 90% of the questions related to the the relationship between median, mean, and standard deviation have E as the answer.

The answer of this question is also E.
Answer: E
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New post 20 Jul 2017, 18:43
When n is divided by 4, what is the remainder?

1) When n is divided by 3, the remainder is 1
2) When n+1 is divided by 4, the remainder is 2

==> In the original condition, there is 1 variable (n) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 1 equation. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), D is most likely to be the answer. For remainder questions, you can directly substitute. Therefore, for con 1), from n=3p+1=1,4,…, the remainder when divided by 4 becomes 1=4(0)+1, which makes remainder=1, and from 4=4(1)+0, you get remainder=0, hence it is not unique and not sufficient. For con 2), from n+1=4q+2 and n=4q+1, the remainder when divided by 4 always becomes 1, hence it is unique and sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B.
Answer: B
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New post 23 Jul 2017, 18:32
Is 3x greater than x-6?

1) x is greater than -4
2) x is greater than 0

==> If you modify the original condition and the question, you get 3x>x-6?, 2x>-6?, x>-3?. There is 1 variable (x) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 1 equation. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), D is most likely to be the answer. For con 1), from x>-4, the range of the question doesn’t include the range of the condition, hence it is not sufficient.
For con 2), from x>0, the range of the question includes the range of the condition, hence it is sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B.
Answer: B
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New post 26 Jul 2017, 18:16
Is u>w?
1) u=∣w∣
2) w=∣u∣

==> For con 2), w=|u|≥u for all u is established, so you get w≥ur, which is always no and sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B.
Answer: B
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New post 30 Jul 2017, 19:02
When x is divided by 7, the remainder is 3. When x3 is divided by 7, what is the remainder?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5
E. 6

==> For remainder questions, it is important to use direct substitutions. From X=7p+3=3,10,17,…., if you substitute x=3, from x^3=3^3=27=7(3)+6, you get a remainder of 6.

Therefore, the answer is E.
Answer: E
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New post 30 Jul 2017, 20:41
MathRevolution wrote:
When x+y is integer, is y an integer?

1) x is an integer.
2) x+2y is an integer.

==> In the original condition, there are 2 variables (x,y) and 1 equation (x+y=integer). In order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 1 more equation. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), D is most likely to be the answer. For con 1), from x=integer and x+y=integer, integer+y=integer, you get y=integer, which is yes and sufficient. For con 2), from x+2y=x+y+y=integer, integer+y=integer, you get y=integer, which is also yes and sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is D.
Answer: D

st 2. x+2y is an integer- y can be 0.5, 2.5, 1 or 2 etc so st 2 is not sufficient

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 18:13
What is the units digit of a positive integer n?

1) The units digit of n^2 is 4
2) The units digit of n^3 is 8

==> In the original condition, there is 1 variable (n) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 1 equation. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), D is most likely to be the answer. For con 1), you get n=~2, ~8, hence it is not unique and not sufficient. For con 2), you only get n=~2, hence it is unique and sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B.
Answer: B
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New post 03 Aug 2017, 18:10
If m and n are non-negative integers, mn=?

1) 9^n=3^m
2) 2^n=5^m

==> In the original condition, there are 2 variables (m,n) and in order to match the number of variables to the number of equations, there must be 2 equations. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), C is most likely to be the answer. By solving con 1) and con 2), from con 1), you get 9^n=(3^2)^n=3^{2n}=3^m, which becomes 2n=m. In order for con 2) to satisfy as well, you only get m=n=0, hence it is unique and sufficient. The answer is C. However, this is an integer question, one of the key questions, so you apply CMT 4 (A: if you get C too easily, consider A or B). For con 1), the way to satisfy 9^n=(3^2)^n=3^{2n}=3^m to 2n=m is not unique and not sufficient. For con 2), from 2^n=5^m, you get 2^n=even and 5^m=odd, so even≠odd. Only m=n=0 satisfies this, hence it is unique and sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B, not C.
Answer: B
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New post 06 Aug 2017, 18:21
If you are flipping the coin 4 times, what is the probability of landing on head two times?

A. 3/5
B. 4/5
C. 3/7
D. 4/7
E. 3/8

==> Probability=Want/Total. Total=since the number of ways when throwing the coins each becomes head or tail 2 times, you get 2*2*2*2=16. Want=if it lands on head 2 times, it lands on tail 2 times, so you get 4!/2!2!=6. Thus, the probability=6/16=3/8.

The answer is E.
Answer: E
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New post 09 Aug 2017, 18:11
Is \(x>(-3)^\frac{1}{3}\)?

1) \(x>(-2)^\frac{1}{3}\)
2) \(x>(-4)^\frac{1}{3}\)

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 18:06
The percent of employees participated in A program is 80% of the total employees. What is the total number of employees in the company?

1) 168 employees participated in this program.
2) 42 employees did not participate in this program.

==> If you modify the original condition and the question and set the number of people who participated in the program as a and number of people who did not participate in the program as b, from a=80%(a+b), there are 2 variables and 1 equation. Since there is 1 for con 1) and 1 for con 2), D is most likely to be the answer.
For con 1), from 168=80%(a+b) and a+b=168/80%=210, it is unique and sufficient.
For con 2), from 42=20%(a+b) and a+b=42/20%=210, it is unique and sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is D.
Answer: D
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New post 13 Aug 2017, 18:26
What is the value of (-2)^2+(1/3)^{-3}+(-4)^3?

A. -27 B. -29 C. -33 D. 33 E. 29

==> From (-2)^2+(1/3)^{-3}+(-4)^3=4+(3^{-1})^{-3}+(-4)^3=4+33-64=4+27-64=-33, the answer is C.

Answer: C
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New post 17 Aug 2017, 00:56
If the average (arithmetic mean) of 7 numbers is 21, what is the standard deviation of the numbers?

1) The smallest number of them is 21
2) The greatest number of them is 21

=>Condition 1)
Since the minimum number and the average are same, all numbers should be 21.

Condition 2)
Since the maximum number and the average are same, all numbers should be 21.

Ans: D
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New post 17 Aug 2017, 19:09
Is Circular question type and Race type frequently tested in GMAT?

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New post 20 Aug 2017, 19:21
An alarm of a certain clock rings every 20 minutes. If the clock's alarm first rings at 15:20, when will the 12th alarm of the clock ring?

A. 17:30 B. 18:00 C. 18:30 D. 19:00 E. 19:30

=>The third alarm rings at 16:00, the sixth alarm rings at 17:00. Thus every third alarm rings every hour on the hour. The 12th alarm rings at 19:00.

Ans: D
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New post 22 Aug 2017, 18:47
If xy≠0, is |x|>|y|?

1) x=-2y
2) x=y^4

=>
Condition 1)

|x| = |-2y| = 2|y| > |y|.
Thus this is sufficient.

Condition 2)

If y = 2, then x = 16 and so |x| > |y|.
If y = ½, then x = 1/16 and so |x| < |y|.
This is not sufficient.

Ans: A
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New post 24 Aug 2017, 18:03
What is the value of a positive integer k?

1) When k is divided by 5, the remainder is 3.
2) When k is divided by 3, the remainder is 2.


=> Condition 1) & 2)
k = 8, 23, …
Both conditions together are not sufficient either.

Ans: E
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New post 27 Aug 2017, 19:18
If x, y, and z are positive integers, is x+y divisible by 5?

1) x+z is divisible by 5
2) y+z is divisible by 5

=>Consider 1) & 2)

x = 1, y = 1, z = 4 : x + y is not divisible by 5
x = 5, y = 5, z = 0 : x + y is divisible by 5

Ans: E
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New post 30 Aug 2017, 01:30
What is the median of 12, y, and x?

1) x+y=24
2) y=6

=>Condition 1)
If x = y = 12, then the median of them is 12.
If x < y, then the median of them 12, since x < 12 < y.
If x > y, then the median of them 12, since y < 12 < x.
This is sufficient.

Condition 2)
Since we don’t know x, we don’t identify their median.
This is not sufficient.

Ans: A
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New post 03 Sep 2017, 18:46
If x-7=√x+√7, x=?

A. 8+2√7
B. 8-2√7
C. 8+√7
D. 8-√7
E. 7+2√6

=>x-7=√x+√7
(√x+√7)(√x-√7)=√x+√7
√x-√7 = 1
√x = √7 + 1
x = (√7 + 1)^2
x = 7 + 2√7 + 1 = 8 + 2√7

Ans: A
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Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT   [#permalink] 03 Sep 2017, 18:46

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