GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Feb 2019, 13:47

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     February 20, 2019

     February 20, 2019

     08:00 PM EST

     09:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. Wednesday, February 20th at 8 PM EST
  • Online GMAT boot camp for FREE

     February 21, 2019

     February 21, 2019

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Kick off your 2019 GMAT prep with a free 7-day boot camp that includes free online lessons, webinars, and a full GMAT course access. Limited for the first 99 registrants! Feb. 21st until the 27th.

Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jan 2019, 17:31
[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question]

If y=|x-1|+|x+1|, then y=?

1) x>-1
2) x<1

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question. We then recheck the question.

There are three ranges of values of x to consider.
If x > 1, then y = | x – 1 | + | x + 1 | = x – 1 + x + 1 = 2x and we don’t have a unique value of y.
If -1 ≤ x ≤ 1, then y = | x – 1 | + | x + 1 | = - ( x – 1 ) + x + 1 = 2 and we have a unique value of y.
If x < 1, then y = | x – 1 | + | x + 1 | = -( x – 1 ) – ( x + 1 ) = -2x and we don’t have a unique value of y.

Asking for the value of y is equivalent asking if -1 ≤ x ≤ 1.
Both conditions yield the inequality -1 < x < 1, when applied together. Therefore, both conditions are sufficient, when taken together.

In inequality questions, the law “Question is King” tells us that if the solution set of the question includes the solution set of the condition, then the condition is sufficient.
Therefore, C is the answer.
Answer: C
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2019, 20:44
[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question]

m+n=?

1) (4^m)(2^n)=16
2) (2^{2m})(4^n)=64

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question. We then recheck the question.

Condition 2) is equivalent to m + n = 3 as shown below:
(2^{2m})(4^n)=64
=> (2^{2m})(2^{2n})=2^6
=> 2^{2m+2n}=2^6
=> 2m+2n = 6
=> m + n = 3
Condition 2) is sufficient.

Condition 1)
(4^m)(2^n)=16
=> (2^{2m})(2^n)=2^4
=> 2^{2m+n}=2^4
=> 2m+n = 4
If m = 1 and n =2, then m + n = 3.
If m = 0 and n = 4, then m + n = 4.
Since it does not yield a unique solution, condition 1) is not sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B.
Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jan 2019, 16:31
[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question]

What is the measure of each interior angle of a regular decagon?

A. 72°
B. 108°
C. 120°
D. 135°
E. 144°

=>

The sum of all interior angles of n-gon is (n-2)*180°.
A decagon is a 10-gon.
The sum of all interior angles is (10-2)* 180° = 8*180°.
And each interior angle of a regular decagon has measure 8*180° / 10 = 8*18° = 144°.

Therefore, the answer is E.
Answer: E
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Feb 2019, 20:14
[GMAT math practice question]

If operation # represents one of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, what is the value of 0#1?

1) 2#1 = 2
2) 4#2 = 2

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The operation is considered as a variable. Since we have 1 variable and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider each condition on its own first.

Condition 1)
Since 2#1 = 2, # is one of the operations, multiplication and division.
If # is the multiplication operation, then 0#1 = 0.
If # is the division operation, then 0#1 = 0.
Since condition 1) yields a unique solution, it is sufficient.

Condition 2)
Since 4#2 = 2, # is one of the operations, subtraction and division.
If # is the subtraction operation, then 0#1 = -1.
If # is the division operation, then 0#1 = 0.
Since condition 2) doesn’t yield a unique solution, it is not sufficient.

Therefore, A is the answer.
Answer: A
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Feb 2019, 17:30
[GMAT math practice question]

What is the value of (2^8 + 2^9 + 2^{10} + 2^{11}) / 32?

A. 80
B. 96
C. 100
D. 120
E. 160

=>

(2^8 + 2^9 + 2^{10} + 2^{11}) / 32
= (2^8 + 2^82^1 + 2^82^2 + 2^82^3) / 2^5
= 2^8(1 + 2^1 + 2^2 + 2^3) / 2^5
= 2^3(1+2+4+8)
= 8*15
= 120

Therefore, the answer is D.
Answer: D
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Feb 2019, 17:19
[GMAT math practice question]

If a>b>c>d>0, is d<4?

1) 1/c + 1/d > 1/2
2) (1/a)+(1/b)+(1/c)+(1/d)=1

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question. We then recheck the question.
The original condition a>b>c>d>0 is equivalent to 0 < 1/a < 1/b < 1/c < 1/d. The question asks if d < 4. This is equivalent to asking if 1/d > 1/4.

By condition 1, 1/d > 1/4 since 1/c < 1/d. So, d < 4. Condition 1) is sufficient.

Condition 2)
Since 0 < 1/a < 1/b < 1/c < 1/d and (1/a)+(1/b)+(1/c)+(1/d)=1, we have 1/a<1/d, 1/b<1/d, 1/c<1/d and 1/a +1/b + 1/c + 1/d < 1/d +1/d +1/d + 1/d = 4/d. Therefore, 1 < 4/d and d < 4.
Condition 2) is sufficient.

Therefore, D is the answer.
Answer: D

Note: This question is a CMT4(B) question: condition 1) is easy to work with and condition 2) is hard. For CMT4(B) questions, D is most likely to be the answer.
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Feb 2019, 17:23
[GMAT math practice question]

What is the number of the x-intercepts of y=x^4-3x^3+2x^2?

A. one
B. two
C. three
D. four
E. five

=>

y = x^4-3x^3+2x^2
=> y = x^2(x^2-3x+2)
=> y = x^2(x-1)(z-2)
The x-intercepts occur when y = 0. This occurs when x = 0, x = 1 and x = 2.
There are three x-intercepts.

Therefore, the answer is C.
Answer: C
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Feb 2019, 17:30
[GMAT math practice question]

We define the harmonic mean of a set of numbers as the reciprocal of the average (arithmetic mean) of the reciprocals of the numbers. What is the harmonic mean of 20 and 30?

A. 22
B. 24
C. 25
D. 26
E. 28

=>

1 / { ( 1/20 + 1/30 ) / 2 } = 1 / { ( 3/60 + 2/60 ) / 2 } = 1 / { (5/60) / 2 } = 1 / { 5 / 120 } = 120 / 5 = 24.

Therefore, the answer is B.
Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2019, 17:42
[GMAT math practice question]

Is 3(a-b)>0?

1) a^3>b^3
2) a>b

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question. We then recheck the question.

Asking if 3(a-b)>0 is equivalent to asking if a – b > 0, or, equivalently, if a > b.
Thus, condition 2) is sufficient.

Condition 1)
a^3>b^3
=> a^3-b^3 > 0
=> (a-b)(a^2+ab+b^2) > 0
=> a - b > 0 since a^2+ab+b^2 > 0
=> a > b
Thus, condition 1) is sufficient too.

Therefore, D is the answer.
Answer: D

FYI, Tip 1) of the VA method states that D is most likely to be the answer if conditions 1) and 2) provide the same information.

_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6967
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Feb 2019, 17:37
[GMAT math practice question]

Is |a|<1?

1) a^2<1
2) 1/(1-a^2)>0

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question. We then recheck the question.

|a|<1
=> |a|^2 < 1
=> a^2 < 1
=> a^2-1 < 0
=> (a+1)(a-1) < 0
=> -1 < a < 1

Condition 1) is sufficient, since it is equivalent to the question.

Condition 2)
1/(1-a^2) > 0
=> (1-a^2) > 0
=> a^2-1 < 0
=> (a+1)(a-1) < 0
=> -1 < a < 1
Thus, condition 2) is sufficient, since it is also equivalent to the question.

Therefore, the answer is D.
Answer: D

FYI: Tip 1) of the VA method states that D is most likely to be the answer if conditions 1) and 2) provide the same information.
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2019, 17:37

Go to page   Previous    1  ...  8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   [ 370 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.