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# Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many

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Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2006, 02:08
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Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many biological traits are not the products of natural selection, favored due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are simply random by-products of other evolutionary developments.

a) due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are

b) due to the reproduction or survival they enhance, but they are

c) because they enhance reproduction or survival, but

d) because they enhance reproduction or survival, but are

e) because of enhancing reproduction or survival, but are

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21 Aug 2006, 02:17
are not...but are...

"they" has a clear referent in (D)

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21 Aug 2006, 04:58
D seems to be good.

are not the products of .... are simply products of

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21 Aug 2006, 05:00
Yurik79 wrote:
what is wrong with C?

(C) omits the verb "are" which is necessary to complete the sentence.

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21 Aug 2006, 08:40
D

biological traits are not X,...., but are Y.....
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21 Aug 2006, 09:11
a) due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are

Shouldn't "due to" modify nouns with verbs of the form "to be" (here its are) and "because of" modify verbs...

From http://www.editingandwritingservices.co ... takes.html

Due to or Because of? Due to modifies nouns and is generally used after some form of the verb to be (is, are, was, were, etc.). Jan's success is due to talent and spunk (due to modifies success). Because of should modify verbs. Ted resigned because of poor health (because of modifies resigned).

In this case only A and B survive...
I picked A..

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21 Aug 2006, 10:16
haas_mba07 wrote:
a) due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are

Shouldn't "due to" modify nouns with verbs of the form "to be" (here its are) and "because of" modify verbs...

From http://www.editingandwritingservices.co ... takes.html

Due to or Because of? Due to modifies nouns and is generally used after some form of the verb to be (is, are, was, were, etc.). Jan's success is due to talent and spunk (due to modifies success). Because of should modify verbs. Ted resigned because of poor health (because of modifies resigned).

In this case only A and B survive...
I picked A..

due to their enhancement of .... doesn`t that seem wordy and passive compared to the clearer and more concise ...because they enhance... ??

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21 Aug 2006, 10:18
Sure.. agree with clarity and concise. Actually I picked D myself and then I vaguely remembered something about "due to" and "because" usage.

Although concise and clear D might be incorrect usage, so should be ideally incorrect.

GMATT73 wrote:
haas_mba07 wrote:
a) due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are

Shouldn't "due to" modify nouns with verbs of the form "to be" (here its are) and "because of" modify verbs...

From http://www.editingandwritingservices.co ... takes.html

Due to or Because of? Due to modifies nouns and is generally used after some form of the verb to be (is, are, was, were, etc.). Jan's success is due to talent and spunk (due to modifies success). Because of should modify verbs. Ted resigned because of poor health (because of modifies resigned).

In this case only A and B survive...
I picked A..

due to their enhancement of .... doesn`t that seem wordy and passive compared to the clearer and more concise ...because they enhance... ??

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21 Aug 2006, 10:32
try to replace "due to" with "caused by". If this makes sense then it might be OK but here this doesn't make sense.
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Re: SC - Paleontologist (GMATprep) [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2006, 08:58
C looks the simplest and most concise: no awkward noun "enhancement of" or clause "survival [that] they enhance" , and "but " is OK (are not the products.. but ..by-products). "are" is redundant in D's "but are".

E is non-standard.
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22 Aug 2006, 17:38
Can some one explain if "beacure of" is wrong on GMAT/Std English?

I am talking about option E

Thanks

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Re: SC - Paleontologist (GMATprep) [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2006, 19:11
ffgmat wrote:
Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many biological traits are not the products of natural selection, favored due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are simply random by-products of other evolutionary developments.

a) due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are

b) due to the reproduction or survival they enhance, but they are

c) because they enhance reproduction or survival, but

d) because they enhance reproduction or survival, but are

e) because of enhancing reproduction or survival, but are

(D)? maintains structure after the first comma, precise.

(given that my a-- is getting kicked by SC, I can't be too sure anyway)

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02 Mar 2007, 14:35
bringing this one back from the dead.

I think its C - are is not needed, but understood.. what do you guys think?

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03 Mar 2007, 06:05
I will stick with D. what about parallalism? - are not X...but are Y..

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03 Mar 2007, 10:43
I would pick D. Only D and E ends with but are. D sounds better

Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many biological traits are not the products of natural selection, favored due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are simply random by-products of other evolutionary developments.

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04 Mar 2007, 07:42
(C)

Seems 'are' is redundant in other choices.

We can make a shorter easier version, if we eliminate the middle part.

Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many biological traits are not the products of natural selection, but simply random by-products of other evolutionary developments.

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Re: SC - Paleontologist (GMATprep) [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2011, 03:53
Not X but Y. How can X be a noun and Y a verb in D? I prefer C.
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Re: SC - Paleontologist (GMATprep)   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2011, 03:53
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# Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many

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