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Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence

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Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence [#permalink]

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Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a number of structural disorders to jogging. Among the ailments seemingly connected with this now-popular sport are spinal disk displacements, stress fractures of the feet and ankles, knee and hip joint deterioration, and tendonitis. Furthermore, these injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries. What the accumulating data suggest is that the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging.

Which one of the following is an assumption of the argument?

(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports.

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury.

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.

(E) The human species is not very durable.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2015, 08:48
Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a number of structural disorder disorders to logging. Among the ailments seemingly connected with this now-popular sport are spinal disk displacements, stress fractures of the feet and ankles, knee and hip joint deterioration, and tendonitis. Furthermore, these injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries. What the accumulating data suggest is that the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging.

Which one of the following is an assumption of the argument?

(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one.-But what is the cause and what is the effect? Not very convincing. Keep this aside.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports.-Out of Scope. We are not concerned about "other sports"

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury.- Based on the "injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners, veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries", this doesnt hold true. Challenges the premise of the argument.

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.-We want to find out whether humans can jog or not. Other sports are Out of Scope for us.

(E) The human species is not very durable.-I have always suspected this my whole life considering our self-destructing tendencies, but this point vis a vis our argument is Out of Scope.

Looks like A is the winner.

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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2015, 11:58
(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one. - Right.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports. - Other sports is not in scope of this argument. hence wrong ans choice

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury. - The passage clearly states that injuries can happen to 'beginning runners' and 'veteran joggers'. Hence level of experience a NOT a determining factor. hence wrong ans choice

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.- Other sports is not in scope of this argument. hence wrong and choice


(E) The human species is not very durable. - A body can be durable, but it can be stressed. Hence this does not impact the conclusion

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Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a num [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 05:32
Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a number of structural disorder to jogging. Among the ailments seemingly connected with this now-popular sport are spinal disk displacements, stress fractures of the feet and ankles, knee and hip joint deterioration, and tendonitis. Furthermore, these injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries. What the accumulating data suggest is that the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging.

Which one of the following is an assumption of the argument?

(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports.

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury.

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.

(E) The human species is not very durable.
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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a num [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 06:07
souvik101990 wrote:
Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a number of structural disorder disorders to logging. Among the ailments seemingly connected with this now-popular sport are spinal disk displacements, stress fractures of the feet and ankles, knee and hip joint deterioration, and tendonitis. Furthermore, these injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries. What the accumulating data suggest is that the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging.

Which one of the following is an assumption of the argument?

(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports.

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury.

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.

(E) The human species is not very durable.



A) Scientists found a link, but say nothing about causality. Maybe it's just a correlation. So we need this assumption for make it obvious. correct
B) Argument says nothing about other sports. incorrect
C) In argument we see opposite: experience of jogger don't link to ailments. incorrect
D) Argument says nothing about other sports. incorrect
E) Argument doesn't discuss durability of people in common. incorrect
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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a num [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 06:15
souvik101990 wrote:
Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a number of structural disorder disorders to logging. Among the ailments seemingly connected with this now-popular sport are spinal disk displacements, stress fractures of the feet and ankles, knee and hip joint deterioration, and tendonitis. Furthermore, these injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries. What the accumulating data suggest is that the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging.

Which one of the following is an assumption of the argument?

(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports.

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury.

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.

(E) The human species is not very durable.


Answer A.

Conclusion=Joggers both veterans and beginners suffering from injuries.
Assumption:There is a cause and effect relationship between jogging and injuries

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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a num [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 06:58
KS15 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a number of structural disorder disorders to logging. Among the ailments seemingly connected with this now-popular sport are spinal disk displacements, stress fractures of the feet and ankles, knee and hip joint deterioration, and tendonitis. Furthermore, these injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries. What the accumulating data suggest is that the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging.

Which one of the following is an assumption of the argument?

(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports.

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury.

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.

(E) The human species is not very durable.


Answer A.

Conclusion=Joggers both veterans and beginners suffering from injuries.
Assumption:There is a cause and effect relationship between jogging and injuries


IMHO conclusion is: the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging
furthermore - is indicator of additional premise
suggest - is indicator of conclusion
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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2016, 23:45
souvik101990 wrote:
Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a number of structural disorder disorders to logging. Among the ailments seemingly connected with this now-popular sport are spinal disk displacements, stress fractures of the feet and ankles, knee and hip joint deterioration, and tendonitis. Furthermore, these injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries. What the accumulating data suggest is that the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging.

Which one of the following is an assumption of the argument?

(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports.

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury.

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.

(E) The human species is not very durable.


Apologies for seeing a error,it should be jogging and not logging in first statement

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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a num [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2016, 23:46
Apologies for seeing a error,it should be jogging and not logging in first statement

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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a num [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2016, 02:26
rhine29388 wrote:
Apologies for seeing a error,it should be jogging and not logging in first statement


Thank you.... corrected the typo.

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Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2016, 02:40
Merged topic 195549 with topic 195711.

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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 13:48
Hi VeritasPrepKarishma,

Can you please help with this one ?

Thanks :)

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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 01:54
souvik101990 wrote:
Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence linking a number of structural disorders to jogging. Among the ailments seemingly connected with this now-popular sport are spinal disk displacements, stress fractures of the feet and ankles, knee and hip joint deterioration, and tendonitis. Furthermore, these injuries do not occur exclusively among beginning runners veteran joggers suffer an equal percentage of injuries. What the accumulating data suggest is that the human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging.

Which one of the following is an assumption of the argument?

(A) The link between jogging and certain structural disorders appears to be a causal one.

(B) Jogging causes more serious disorders than other sports.

(C) The jogger's level of experience is a factor determining the likelihood of a jogging injury.

(D) Some sports are safer for the human body than jogging.

(E) The human species is not very durable.


Premises:

- Jogging and certain structural disorders seem to be connected.
- These injuries are seen among beginner and veteran joggers.

Conclusion: Human anatomy is not able to withstand the stresses of jogging

The premises tell us that Jogging and certain disorders are linked. The conclusion says that human anatomy is not able to withstand jogging. The premises do not tell us that jogging causes these disorders. It just tells us that there is a connection. But the conclusion assumes that jogging causes these disorders and human anatomy is not able to withstand it.
But the connection could be because of something very different. Perhaps the joggers usually like to jog in the early morning since there are fewer vehicles on the road and waking up early is what causes these disorders.

Hence option (A) is an assumption made in the argument. That the link is a causal one. That jogging causes disorders.
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Re: Physiological research has uncovered disturbing evidence   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2017, 01:54
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