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# Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti

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Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 Nov 2018, 03:02
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:23) correct 42% (01:09) wrong based on 397 sessions

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Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over time. Some experts go so far as to recommend that every agency be eliminated after 10 years and created anew by replacing all of its existing personnel and revamping its bureaucratic structure. However, this policy would be impractical since certain government agencies perform vital functions, such as protecting national security, and therefore cannot afford even temporary upheaval.

In the policy analyst's argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is evidence offered in support of an opinion that the policy analyst rejects; the second offers information that contradicts that evidence.

(B) The first is a premise that the policy analyst accepts but argues against; the second offers evidence that supports the analyst's position.

(C) The first is a position that the policy analyst argues against; the second is the position that the analyst defends.

(D) The first is a generalization that the policy analyst accepts as accurate and is used as the basis for an opinion that the analyst rejects; the second is a consideration used to defend the analyst's position.

(E) The first is a generalization that the policy analyst accepts as accurate and is used as the basis for the analyst's position; the second offers another consideration used to defend that position.

Originally posted by Mega2010 on 13 Oct 2009, 08:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Nov 2018, 03:02, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2010, 00:29
IMO B. The first is a premise which is the analyst refuts at the end. Second BF is given evidence for that position.

Please post the OA.
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Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2010, 18:52
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ykaiim wrote:
IMO B. The first is a premise which is the analyst refuts at the end. Second BF is given evidence for that position.

Please post the OA.

IMO D,

IMO B is wrong because analyst is not arguing against the premise that most government agencies become less effective overtime. He is arguing that although they become ineffective, they can not be eliminated and renewed, since some government agencies are crucial for national security. Thus, he still thinks that most government agencies are less effective overtime, but he thinks, unfortunately, they can not be eliminated and recreated.
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Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2011, 05:04
Guys, help me out with this...if the correct OA is D, it states that the policy analyst accepts the statment in the first bold faced statement. But if we see tha passage, nowhere it's implied that the analyst is accepting the first statment. He/she is just stating the facts what ppl believe. Shouldnt B win here??
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Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2011, 10:22
krishnasty wrote:
Guys, help me out with this...if the correct OA is D, it states that the policy analyst accepts the statment in the first bold faced statement. But if we see tha passage, nowhere it's implied that the analyst is accepting the first statment. He/she is just stating the facts what ppl believe. Shouldnt B win here??

B) states that the first is a premise that analyst accepts but argues against. First of all this also says that analyst accepts the premise. Secondly, Analyst doesn't argue against the first boldface. Nowhere it says that Government Agencies don't become left effective over time.
Experts form an opinion (agencies should be eliminated and created anew...) on basis of this premise and analyst argues against that opinion. (Not the premise)
I hope its clear...
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Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2011, 03:13
krishnasty wrote:
Guys, help me out with this...if the correct OA is D, it states that the policy analyst accepts the statment in the first bold faced statement. But if we see tha passage, nowhere it's implied that the analyst is accepting the first statment. He/she is just stating the facts what ppl believe. Shouldnt B win here??

D. The first is a generalization that the policy analyst accepts as accurate and is used as the basis for an
opinion that the analyst rejects
; the second is a consideration used to defend the analyst's position.

It is nowhere mentioned that the policy analyst accepts the first sentence as accurate. However, the whole passage is nothing but series of statements made by the analyst. He has never mentioned that that first point is inaccurate/invalid etc. Nonetheless, this is implicit from the passage as a whole. Even in the second bold phrase, the analyst attacks the suggestion made by other recommendations, but doesn't go against the first bold phrase.

The red bold phrase in the option D is the key to the correct answer. With the help of first statement, analyst explained more about what others feel about the agencies (about shutting them down). and the analyst rejects this by saying 'However, this is impractical'. If you found this, you're almost down to the correct answer.
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Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 09:18
2
Mega2010 wrote:
Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over time. Some experts go so far as to recommend that every agency be eliminated after 10 years and created anew by replacing all of its existing personnel and revamping its bureaucratic structure. However, this policy would be impractical since certain government agencies perform vital functions, such as protecting national security, and therefore cannot afford even temporary upheaval.

In the policy analyst's argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
(A)The first is evidence offered in support of an opinion that the policy analyst rejects; the second offers
information that contradicts that evidence.
(B)The first is a premise that the policy analyst accepts but argues against; the second offers evidence that
supports the analyst's position.
(C)The first is a position that the policy analyst argues against; the second is the position that the analyst
defends.
(D)The first is a generalization that the policy analyst accepts as accurate and is used as the basis for an
opinion that the analyst rejects; the second is a consideration used to defend the analyst's position.
(E)The first is a generalization that the policy analyst accepts as accurate and is used as the basis for the
analyst's position; the second offers another consideration used to defend that position.

Has to be (D) but let me tell you this is a tough question boy.
The second bold is clearly the premise. Now, the key in this question is to recognize what is the analyst arguing against. It is kinda like those describe the argument type of questions, but lets not get confused by those. So going back to my point, we need to know that this a used as support for something that is argued against. We are not arguing the fact that most government agencies become less effective, we are arguing against the recommendation to fire all these poor guys and replace them every certain time.

So keep that in mind folks, and you'll be ok.
Cheers
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Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2014, 10:32
2
It's D for sure. Analyst acknowledges the information upon which a hypothesis is suggested which analyst rejects. Then he offers a piece of information to support his claim. ->>> D.
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Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2017, 23:31
+1 D.

The first is a generalization that the policy analyst accepts as accurate and is used as the basis for an opinion that the analyst rejects; the second is a consideration used to defend the analyst's position.
Re: Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti &nbs [#permalink] 10 Mar 2017, 23:31
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# Policy analyst: Most government agencies become less effective over ti

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