Political Advertisement: Mayor Delmont s critics complain : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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09 Apr 2011, 08:30
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75% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (03:07) correct 48% (01:59) wrong based on 189 sessions

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Mayor Delmont’s critics complain about the jobs that were lost in the city under Delmont’s leadership. Yet the fact is that not only were more jobs created than were eliminated, but the average pay for these new jobs has been higher than the average pay for jobs citywide every year since Delmont took office. So there can be no question that throughout Delmont’s tenure the average paycheck in this city has been getting steadily bigger.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?
A. The average pay for jobs created in the city during the past three years was higher than the average pay for jobs created in the city earlier in Mayor Delmont’s tenure.
B. Average pay in the city was at a ten-year low when Mayor Delmont took office.
C. Some of the jobs created in the city during Mayor Delmont’s tenure have in the meantime been eliminated again.
D. The average pay for jobs eliminated in the city during Mayor Delmont’s tenure has been roughly equal every year to the average pay for jobs citywide.
E. The average pay for jobs in the city is currently higher than it is for jobs in the suburbs surrounding the city.

Edit: I corrected the OA of this problem. Mike McGarry
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Delmont’s tenure - jobs created vs jobs eleminated [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2011, 12:37
wow i'm confused, how does (C) strengthen the argument?

argument: since Delmont’s tenure, people are getting paid better and more jobs are getting created?
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Re: Delmont’s tenure - jobs created vs jobs eleminated [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2011, 15:20
Absolutely no idea why the OA is C. Can somebody pls explain
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Re: Delmont’s tenure - jobs created vs jobs eleminated [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2011, 15:42
I am so convinced the answer is D and here is the reasoning -

Lets say the average pay of jobs per year citywide = 60k
Lets say the average pay of jobs eliminated per year = 62k
And lets say the average pay of new jobs created in the city per year is 70k

This means the positive difference 70k - 62k is growing year after year. Hence D is supporting the conclusion - "the average paycheck in this city has been getting steadily bigger."

Another vital assumption is the population group - employed and unemployed is NOT varying much. But since my job is not to weaken the argument, I won't attack this assumption. D is alright.
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Re: Delmont’s tenure - jobs created vs jobs eleminated [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2011, 22:09
why not (A) guys?
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Re: Delmont’s tenure - jobs created vs jobs eleminated [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2011, 13:03
The answer here is most definitely not C; it's D.

The argument in the passage isn't airtight. Sure, we know that each year jobs are added with 'above average' salaries. But if the overall average salary has been trending downward (either because high-paying jobs were eliminated, or because wages were being cut at existing jobs) the newly added jobs might not be enough to ensure that 'the average paycheck in this city has been getting steadily bigger.' D at least addresses one of those concerns: the jobs that have been eliminated were not especially highly paid.

C is completely irrelevant; it's definitely not the right answer.
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15 Jan 2014, 00:32
Please edit the OA for this question. IMO D is correct.
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15 Jan 2014, 07:06
IMO- " D"............
If the average pay for these new jobs has been higher than the average pay for jobs citywide every year since Delmont took office, the average paycheck will get steadily bigger.

D. The average pay for jobs eliminated in the city during Mayor Delmont’s tenure has been roughly equal every year to the average pay for jobs citywide..... since the average pay for jobs eliminated is equal to the average of jobs city wide.... then the new jobs which have a higher average pay than the jobs citywide, will definitely increase the city average of pay packet.........NO DOUBT...... its a question of WEIGHTED AVERAGE......
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17 Jan 2014, 15:11
Hi,

Sure OA is D here!

C weaken the argument. D only strenghten .

Hope it helps
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06 Feb 2014, 12:32
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fanatico wrote:
Mayor Delmont’s critics complain about the jobs that were lost in the city under Delmont’s leadership. Yet the fact is that not only were more jobs created than were eliminated, but the average pay for these new jobs has been higher than the average pay for jobs citywide every year since Delmont took office. So there can be no question that throughout Delmont’s tenure the average paycheck in this city has been getting steadily bigger.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument in the advertisement?
A. The average pay for jobs created in the city during the past three years was higher than the average pay for jobs created in the city earlier in Mayor Delmont’s tenure.
B. Average pay in the city was at a ten-year low when Mayor Delmont took office.
C. Some of the jobs created in the city during Mayor Delmont’s tenure have in the meantime been eliminated again.
D. The average pay for jobs eliminated in the city during Mayor Delmont’s tenure has been roughly equal every year to the average pay for jobs citywide.
E. The average pay for jobs in the city is currently higher than it is for jobs in the suburbs surrounding the city.

idinuv wrote:
Dear Mike,
Request you to kindly provide input on the following CR question.

Dear idinuv,
I'm happy to respond.

First of all, from what I can tell, when fanatico posted this question, he posted the wrong answer as the OA. I found what I believe is the source online, and the source says OA = (D), which is eminently reasonable. For some reason, this question is all over the web with the wrong answer, and of course, that stirs up all sorts of discussion --- "how is it that (C) strengthens the argument?" Well, it doesn't, because (D) is the answer.

The advertisement tells us that, during Delmont's tenure, average pay in the city has been "getting steadily bigger." We want to strengthen that.
Here's my analysis of the answer choices:
A. The average pay for jobs created in the city during the past three years was higher than the average pay for jobs created in the city earlier in Mayor Delmont’s tenure.
Well, hmmm. This is consistent with the argument certainly, but not necessarily a strengthener. Suppose the average pay of the new jobs over the past six years, consecutively, was: $40K,$35K, $30K,$70K, $65K,$60K. Then, the most recent three years definitely have a higher average than the first three years, but this pattern does not indicate "getting steadily bigger" each year. This statement could be a strengthener, but it doesn't have to be. This is not correct.

B. Average pay in the city was at a ten-year low when Mayor Delmont took office.
Again, this would be consistent with the claim: the fact that we started so low does suggest there's nowhere to go but up. BUT, does it mean that average pay citywide steadily increased in each of Delmont's six years in office? Maybe, maybe not. This statement also could be a strengthener, but it doesn't have to be. This is not correct.

C. Some of the jobs created in the city during Mayor Delmont’s tenure have in the meantime been eliminated again.
If Delmont added some high paying jobs, and then eliminated those same high paying jobs, that would cause the average to go up, and then down. This would weaken the argument: in fact, it's a very cogent weakener. BUT, we are looking for a strengthener. This is incorrect.

D. The average pay for jobs eliminated in the city during Mayor Delmont’s tenure has been roughly equal every year to the average pay for jobs citywide.
The jobs added were above this average, and so if the jobs eliminated were, roughly, equal to this average, then what is added is always higher than what is subtracted, and the average increases steadily. This is correct.

E. The average pay for jobs in the city is currently higher than it is for jobs in the suburbs surrounding the city.
We don't care about the suburbs. That's irrelevant. This is incorrect.

That's why (D) has to be the answer, and it is the OA of the source.

Mike
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03 Feb 2017, 11:23
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