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Political correspondent: The theory of Mutually Assured Destruction

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Political correspondent: The theory of Mutually Assured Destruction  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2020, 11:34
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (01:07) correct 27% (01:32) wrong based on 45 sessions

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Political correspondent: The theory of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) dictates that any country threatened by another country armed with nuclear weapons should then arm itself with nuclear weapons as a deterrent to that other country's nuclear attack. If every country were to adopt this policy, no country would be without nuclear arms. The political correspondent's argument relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. Countries do not actually adopt policies according to the theory of MAD.

B. No country should arm itself with nuclear weapons.

C. International disagreements should not be settled through the nuclear exchange.

D. Every country is threatened by at least one other that is armed with nuclear weapons.

E. Countries adopt nuclear weapons as an alternative to traditional armaments

Source - Ready4Gmat
Assumption Series

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SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 684
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Political correspondent: The theory of Mutually Assured Destruction  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2020, 09:30
1
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The argument made here is that, according to MAD, any country threatened by nuclear weapons should get its own nuclear weapons to deter the other country from attacking. The correspondent then states that if every country followed this theory, everyone would have nuclear weapons. But remember that, according to the theory, a country must first be threatened before it arms itself with nuclear weapons.
By predicting that every country will end up with nuclear weapons just by choosing to follow this idea, the correspondent assumes that every country is threatened by another country's nuclear weapons.
Choice (D) fits our prediction.
Choices (A) and (B) seem to contradict the correspondent's argument. It doesn't sound like the correspondent is necessarily implying what's in (C).
Choice (E) is a fact that may or may not be true, but it is not an assumption on which this argument depends.

The correct answer is Choice (D).

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Re: Political correspondent: The theory of Mutually Assured Destruction   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2020, 09:30
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Political correspondent: The theory of Mutually Assured Destruction

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