GMAT Changed on April 16th - Read about the latest changes here

 It is currently 21 Apr 2018, 23:22

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Board of Directors
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3414
Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2012, 17:01
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (00:49) correct 48% (01:28) wrong based on 351 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 275
Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Nov 2012, 19:32
carcass wrote:
Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse

who are Politicians and philosophers? the ancient Greeks So C . Rest all have modifier issue.
Joined: 19 Jul 2012
Posts: 162
Location: India
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V28
GPA: 3.3
Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Nov 2012, 11:27
1
KUDOS
A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society: Incorrect. Politicians and Philosophers cannot be early forms of democratic government.

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks: Incorrect. Same error as A.

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society: Correct. Politicians and Philosophers are ancient Greeks.

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks. Incorrect. "there" has no antecedent, Run on sentence and same error as A.

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse : Incorrect due to concise issue. Were the ancient Greeks is too wordy. Choice C is better.
Director
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 566
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Nov 2012, 23:41
A: The original sentence suggests that "politicians and philosophers" (introductory modifier) are early forms of
government. Grammatically, looks ok, but in context- way far from correct as neither a politician nor a
philosopher is a form of govt. The ancient Greeks are.

B: modifier, modifier, early forms of govt.....politicians and philosophers are no forms of govt.
C: modifier, clause, modifier.... correct. Ancient Greeks are the politicians and philosophers.
Also, "laying" comes as a consequence of "pioneered"
D: modifier, there were pioneered (??), modifier, early forms of govt....
E: modifier, "were" unnecessary.Also, "laying" - a consequence, comes before the action "pioneered"...
_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2016
Posts: 218
Location: India
GPA: 3.2
Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Nov 2016, 13:04
2
KUDOS
There should be a comma after Ancient Greeks in option C.
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 977
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2017, 07:50
Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers", in this option "laying" (after we ignore the appositive phrase in between) cannot be the subject - Hence, A is Out

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers" as we are not having logical subject followed by modifier - Hence, B is Out

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

- CORRECT - "the ancient Greeks" correctly follows the modifier "Politicians and philosophers". So the "the ancient Greeks" becomes the subject of the sentence and hence this option is correct.

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers" as we are not having logical subject followed by modifier - Hence, D is Out

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse[/quote]

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers" we have a verb here "were" but as the subject is split by comma "Politicians and philosophers" cannot be the subject for this sentence. Makes this sentence illogical - Hence, E is Out

Did you like the answer? Hit Kudos
_________________

"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475

Intern
Joined: 14 Aug 2017
Posts: 39
Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2017, 11:59
ydmuley
Quote:
(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse

- We need a subject after the modifier "Politicians and philosophers" we have a verb here "were" but as the subject is split by comma "Politicians and philosophers" cannot be the subject for this sentence. Makes this sentence illogical - Hence, E is Out[/quote]

Can you please help me eliminate this option as i am not familiar with the rule of comma were as mentioned by you.

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 977
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2017, 22:01
1
KUDOS
Hello siddyj94 - Happy to help.

The main thing we need to understand here is the structure of the sentence. The phrase "Politicians and philosophers" is a modifying phrase because we have a comma after this phrase and as a rule, we need a subject that is described by this modifying phrase. (In this example, 'were' cannot be the subject)

Also, as comma is used after "Politicians and philosophers" we will not be able to use verb directly after comma. The reason is we are not having a subject for the sentence and hence it becomes a run-on sentence.

Example:

Incorrect: Dogs and Cats, are good friends.
Correct: Dogs and Cats are good friends.

Hope this helps!
_________________

"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475

Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2017, 22:01
Display posts from previous: Sort by