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# Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic

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Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2012, 17:01
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Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2012, 19:32
carcass wrote:
Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society.

(A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse

who are Politicians and philosophers? the ancient Greeks So C . Rest all have modifier issue.
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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2012, 11:27
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KUDOS
A) early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks, laying the groundwork for much of modern society: Incorrect. Politicians and Philosophers cannot be early forms of democratic government.

(B) laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse were pioneered by the ancient Greeks: Incorrect. Same error as A.

(C) the ancient Greeks pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse, laying the groundwork for much of modern society: Correct. Politicians and Philosophers are ancient Greeks.

(D) there were pioneered, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, early forms of democratic government and public discourse by the ancient Greeks. Incorrect. "there" has no antecedent, Run on sentence and same error as A.

(E) were the ancient Greeks who, laying the groundwork for much of modern society, pioneered early forms of democratic government and public discourse : Incorrect due to concise issue. Were the ancient Greeks is too wordy. Choice C is better.
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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2012, 23:41
A: The original sentence suggests that "politicians and philosophers" (introductory modifier) are early forms of
government. Grammatically, looks ok, but in context- way far from correct as neither a politician nor a
philosopher is a form of govt. The ancient Greeks are.

B: modifier, modifier, early forms of govt.....politicians and philosophers are no forms of govt.
C: modifier, clause, modifier.... correct. Ancient Greeks are the politicians and philosophers.
Also, "laying" comes as a consequence of "pioneered"
D: modifier, there were pioneered (??), modifier, early forms of govt....
E: modifier, "were" unnecessary.Also, "laying" - a consequence, comes before the action "pioneered"...
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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2016, 21:07
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2016, 13:04
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KUDOS
There should be a comma after Ancient Greeks in option C.
Re: Politicians and philosophers, early forms of democratic   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2016, 13:04
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