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Polls have shown that a higher percentage of graduating university st

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Polls have shown that a higher percentage of graduating university st  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2018, 04:41
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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (02:26) correct 54% (02:19) wrong based on 108 sessions

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Polls have shown that a higher percentage of graduating university students are against proposals to reduce government social services than are students entering their first year at a university. These polls lead us to the conclusion that people with a university education are more likely to favor retaining or increasing the present level of government social services than are members of the overall population.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?


(A) The polls of graduating university students were designed to avoid overrepresenting any single academic discipline.

(B) The political views of people with a university education are to a large degree influenced by their professors, and university professors
are usually against reducing government social services.

(C) Polls of retired persons who have not graduated from a university show a higher percentage of persons in favor of reducing government social services than do polls of retired persons who have graduated from a university.

(D) Polls of those who graduated from a university more than five years before being polled show a higher percentage of people in favor of reducing government social services than do polls of the overall population.

(E) In the polls cited, graduating university students were more likely to express strong opinions about the question of reducing government social services than were students entering a university.


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Polls have shown that a higher percentage of graduating university st  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2018, 06:42
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The reasoning is as follows:

Group A : non- grad students
Group B : Grad- students.

Poll results: larger portion of Group B supports retaining G.S plan than does Group A.
Conclusion: Based on the results of one poll, it is concluded and generalized that Group B is more likely to favor retaining G.S than does the overall population.
The conclusion is sufficiently weakened if Group B changes its decision with time to an extent that the proportion opposing the G.S is now more than that in overall population. In such case, the generalization would be invalid.

D presents just that information.

Reasoning gap : Faulty Generalization.
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Polls have shown that a higher percentage of graduating university st &nbs [#permalink] 22 Aug 2018, 06:42
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