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Prediction, the hall mark of natural sciences, appears to have been po

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Prediction, the hall mark of natural sciences, appears to have been po  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2018, 12:41
4
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A
B
C
D
E

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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:43) correct 46% (01:58) wrong based on 121 sessions

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Prediction, the hall mark of natural sciences, appears to have been possible by reducing phenomena to mathematical expressions. Some social scientists also want the power to predict accurately and assume they ought to perform the same reduction. But this would be a mistake; it would neglect data that are not easily mathematized and thereby would only distort the social phenomena.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the argument?

A. The social sciences do not have as much predictive power as the natural sciences.
B. Mathematics plays a more important role in the natural sciences than it does in the social sciences.
C. There is a need in the social sciences to improve the ability to predict.
D. Phenomena in the social sciences should not be reduced to mathematical formulas.
E. Prediction is responsible for the success of the natural sciences.

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Re: Prediction, the hall mark of natural sciences, appears to have been po  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2018, 15:12
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Re: Prediction, the hall mark of natural sciences, appears to have been po  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2018, 03:12
We can paraphrase the argument: "Natural sciences are good at predicting things, because they reduce phenomena to math expressions. Social sciences want to increase their predictive powers, and thus they want to reduce the phenomena they study to math expressions as well. They shouldn't do that! (conclusion) That would make them ignore data that can't be mathematized."

We now need to choose the answer that most closely mimics the conclusion highlighted in the text. D is the best answer. B, C and E are irrelevant. A can be inferred from the premises, but it's not the conclusion.
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Re: Prediction, the hall mark of natural sciences, appears to have been po   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2018, 03:12
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