Interesting Questions on Mean,Median and Mode.(Plucked from Dr.Math) I believe these type of conceptual questions would help us all. Very fundamental but somewhat tricky for a person like me. If this is not the right place to include these type of questions or that they do not qualify the post take action accordingly. Thanks.
Q1) Find a set of five data values with modes 0 and 2, median 2, and
mean 2.
Soln:
Mode = values appearing most often,
Median = value with as many other values above as below,
Mean = average (sum of the values divided by the number of values).
There are five values. If all were different, there would be five modes, but there are only two. The two modes must appear at least twice. They cannot appear three times each, because then you would have at least six values, not five. Thus four of the values must be 0, 0, 2, and 2.
For 2 to be the median, the remaining value, call it x,
must be greater than 2.
If 0 < x < 2, then x would be the median, and if
x < 0, 0 would be the median.
Then the mean is (0+0+2+2+x)/5 = 2, which you can solve for x.
Q2) We are told that the median of five numbers is 5, the mode is
1, and the mean is 4. Find the five numbers?
Soln: We can start by drawing a blank for each of the values. Then we'll try to fill them in, putting them in ascending order as we go. Here are the five blanks:
__ __ __ __ __
Now, what do we know about the numbers? We know that "the median of five numbers is 5." The median is the middle number when arranged in ascending order, so let's put it there:
__ __ 5 __ __
What else do we know? We're told that "the mode is 1." That means that 1 has to appear more than any other number. Since 1 is less than 5, all 1's will have to go to the left of the 5. We know we need at least two of them (otherwise, 5 would be a mode as well), so both blanks on the left will have to be 1's. Putting them in, we have:
1 1 5 __ __
Now the last clue is, "the mean is 4." The mean is the "average" of the numbers. It is computed by taking the sum of the numbers and dividing it by the number of numbers. Algebraically, if we call our values A, B, C, D and E, we'd write:
M = (A+B+C+D+E) / 5
Since we already know the first three numbers, let's plug them in for A, B, and C. We also know that the mean is 4, so we'll plug that in too:
4 = (1+1+5+D+E) / 5
4 = (7+D+E) / 5
Now let's solve for D+E, the two numbers we don't know:
4 = (7+D+E) / 5
4 * 5 = (7+D+E)
20 = 7+D+E
20 - 7 = D+E
D+E = 13
So the sum of the last two numbers must be 13. We also know that each of those two numbers must be greater than 5. What two numbers will work? Only 6 and 7 (can you think of WHY only 6 and 7 work?) So our five numbers must be:
1 1 5 6 7
To check; median = 5 (check), mode = 1 (check), mean is:
M = (1+1+5+6+7) / 5
= 20 / 5
= 4 (check)