Apex231 wrote:
4. Which of the following distribution of numbers has the greatest standard deviation?
(A) {-3, 1, 2} - r = 5 , n =3
(B) {-2, -1, 1, 2} - r = 4 , n = 4
(C) {3, 5, 7} - r = 4 , n = 3
(D) {-1, 2, 3, 4} - r = 5 , n = 4
(E) {0, 2, 4} - r = 4 , n = 3
r = range
n = number of elements
r/n is max for
Is this the right way to solve? or any better method?
Often more is the range, more is the standard deviation. But, this may not be true always.
Case A: Observe the following two sets with same number of elements.
Set A1: 10, 20, 20, 20, 20, 30
Range = 20
Standard Deviation = 6.32455532
Set A2: 12, 12, 12, 28, 28, 28
Range = 16
Standard Deviation = 8.76356092
Here, stdev of A1 is < stdev of A2 though range of A1 > range of A2.
Case B: Observe the following two sets with different number of elements.
Set B1: 10, 20, 20, 20, 30
Range = 20
No. of elements = 5
Standard Deviation = 7.071067812
Set B2: 12, 12, 12, 28, 28, 28
Range = 16
No. of elements = 6
Standard Deviation = 8.76356092
Here, stdev of B1 is < stdev of B2 though range of B1 > range of B2 and no. element is more in B2.
Case C: Observe the following two sets with different number of elements.
Set C1: 10 20 20 20 20 30
Range = 20
No. of elements = 6
Standard Deviation = 6.32455532
Set C2: 12 12 12 28 28
Range = 16
No. of elements = 5
Standard Deviation = 8.76356092
Here, stdev of C1 is < stdev of C2 though range of C1 > range of C2.
Standard deviation is not directly related to range and number of elements. Stdev is how spread are the elements from the mean. As you can see here, in sets A1, B1, and C1, more elements are closer to mean and that's how those sets have lower stdev.