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# Psycholinguistics uses "garden path sentences," which

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Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7763
Re: Psycholinguistics uses "garden path sentences," which  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2016, 05:32
sayantanc2k wrote:

"Garden path sentences" such as "The woman whistling tunes pianos" are grammatically correct but require reinterpretation by the end, and are used in psycholinguistics to show that people build their understanding of a sentence one word at a time

The three parallel elements in this structure are predicates such as 1. are grammatically correct, 2. require reinterpretation, and 3. are used. Therefore, we need to use the comma.

If we do not use the comma before the last and, this choice must be wrong. If so, what is the correct choice for this question?

Thank you daagh Sir for the wonderful article and your explanation.

I actually thought over the issue before questioning the supposedly correct choice:

If we consider that there are three elements, we must use a comma before the second element as well.
Correct: Sentences are correct, but require, and are used.

The 3 verbs refer to the same subject correctly.

However absence of a comma before the second element (but require) implies that we have just 2 elements, not 3:

first element: are correct but require
second element: are used

If these two elements refer to the same subject (sentences), we should not have the comma. However introducing a comma before are used (and not having a comma before but require) implies that the second element (are used) should have its own subject - isn't it?

Moreover as I understand, using comma before and (in case there are 3 or more elements) is optional, whereas using comma before and (in case there are 2 verbs referring to the same subject) would be wrong.

Kindly correct me if I am wrong.[/quote]

Hi sayantanc2k,
Firstly its great that we all are open to each other ideas, and I, too, truly believe the VERBAL grammer gives us an ending resource to learn from.

I believe we are having an issue on usage of COMMA before 'and'.
My two cents on it, and I do not know that same cents have been earlier too claimed by someone or not, as I have not gone through the entire thread.

l do not think that usage of 'and' is wrong/right in this particular option, it may be more to do with the MEANING..
1) with comma..
"Garden path sentences" such as "The woman whistling tunes pianos" are grammatically correct but require reinterpretation by the end, and are used in psycholinguistics to show that people build their understanding of a sentence one word at a time..
here it is between --
"Garden path sentences" such as "The woman whistling tunes pianos" are grammatically correct but require reinterpretation by the end, and "Garden path sentences" such as "The woman whistling tunes pianos" are used in psycholinguistics to show that people build their understanding of a sentence one word at a time..

2) without COMMA--
"Garden path sentences" such as "The woman whistling tunes pianos" are grammatically correct but require reinterpretation by the end and are used in psycholinguistics to show that people build their understanding of a sentence one word at a time..
The parallelism here shifts between REQUIRE and ARE USED..
basically now "are used in psycholinguistics to show that people build their understanding of a sentence one word at a time.." ha sshifted from the parallelism role to CONTRAST by being a part of BUT clause..

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Re: Psycholinguistics uses "garden path sentences," which  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2018, 11:48
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Psycholinguistics uses "garden path sentences," which   [#permalink] 26 Dec 2018, 11:48

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