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Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out

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Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 04:05
1
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A
B
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E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

26% (01:55) correct 74% (01:58) wrong based on 313 sessions

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Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out of office after a few years. The reason is that reforms are generally undertaken early in a new government. If leaders do not act quickly to solve a problem and it becomes an issue later, then they must either deny that there is a problem or deny that anything could have been done about it; otherwise, they will have to admit responsibility for the persistence of the problem.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the pundit's argument?

(A) If national leaders who fail to solve problems are voted out of office after a few years, new leaders will be more motivated to solve problems.

(B) National leaders who stay in power too long tend to deny responsibility for problems that they could have dealt with earlier.

(C) National leaders are most likely to undertake reforms early in a new government.

(D) National leaders who immediately respond to problems upon taking office should be given enough time to succeed at solving them.

(E) National leaders should be removed from office every few years by the voting in of new leaders.

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Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 16:52
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Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out of office after a few years. The reason is that reforms are generally undertaken early in a new government. If leaders do not act quickly to solve a problem and it becomes an issue later, then they must either deny that there is a problem or deny that anything could have been done about it; otherwise, they will have to admit responsibility for the persistence of the problem.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the pundit's argument?

(A) If national leaders who fail to solve problems are voted out of office after a few years, new leaders will be more motivated to solve problems. {WRONG - The main conclusion is not about the motivation of the new leaders}

(B) National leaders who stay in power too long tend to deny responsibility for problems that they could have dealt with earlier. {WRONG -even though this choice states a correct fact, it does not capture the main point of the argument. This choice is a supporting fact for the main conclusion of the argument.}

(C) National leaders are most likely to undertake reforms early in a new government. {WRONG - this is a prediction and not the main conclusion}

(D) National leaders who immediately respond to problems upon taking office should be given enough time to succeed at solving them. {WRONG - this is outside information and out of scope}

(E) National leaders should be removed from office every few years by the voting in of new leaders. {CORRECT - the main conclusion is the following: "It is good to have national leaders voted out of office after a few years.". This choice paraphrases this statement}
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Re: Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2018, 04:47
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This is an easy question if we break it down into parts. If you do not do this, this question becomes nearly impossible:

Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out of office after a few years. The reason is that reforms are generally undertaken early in a new government. If leaders do not act quickly to solve a problem and it becomes an issue later, then they must either deny that there is a problem or deny that anything could have been done about it; otherwise, they will have to admit responsibility for the persistence of the problem.


Conclusion is in green
Premise is in blue
Additional premise in pink

To know what is a premise vs. a conclusion, use the Because/therefore test. -- Example: BECAUSE If leaders do not act quickly to solve a problem and it becomes an issue later, then they must either deny that there is a problem or deny that anything could have been done about it; otherwise, they will have to admit responsibility for the persistence of the problem. THEREFORE It is good to have national leaders voted out of office after a few years

Using this, we see (E) matches our self-described conclusion and is thus the answer!

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the pundit's argument?

(A) If national leaders who fail to solve problems are voted out of office after a few years, new leaders will be more motivated to solve problems.

(B) National leaders who stay in power too long tend to deny responsibility for problems that they could have dealt with earlier.

(C) National leaders are most likely to undertake reforms early in a new government.

(D) National leaders who immediately respond to problems upon taking office should be given enough time to succeed at solving them.

(E) National leaders should be removed from office every few years by the voting in of new leaders.
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Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 01:17
I see many people chose B over E,even I did the same that is wrong.
I see nightblade354 has explained it beautifully.But for my satisfaction i'm posting my view
My take of B after knowing that its a wrong choice!.
Quote:
(B) National leaders who stay in power too long tend to deny responsibility for problems that they could have dealt with earlier.


This option is telling that National leaders who stay in power too long tend to deny responsibility for problems.......
But in the argument its just an if case, There is a possibility that else might happen It is nowhere stated that "National leaders who stay in power too long tend to deny responsibility for problems......." is definitely going to happen.

So this is a wrong choice.

E is already concluded in the question.E is the Deal!!.
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Pundit: It is good to have national leaders voted out &nbs [#permalink] 27 Aug 2018, 01:17
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