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QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses

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QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2018, 11:57
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 262: Sentence Correction


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A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are trimmed.

(A) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are

(B) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are

(C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns have been

(D) if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns are

(E) if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animals’ horns have been

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QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2018, 11:59
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(A) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are

(A) has a couple of subtle little problems. For starters, I don’t think the phrase “…will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses…” is quite right in this case. Grammatically, it’s fine: “visit” and “see” are parallel verbs. Trouble is, that suggests that the two actions are somehow equally weighted, and not necessarily related: tourists visit game parks, and tourists see rhinos, but maybe not at the same time.

So the phrasing in (A) isn't WRONG, exactly, but it’s not ideal: the intent of the sentence is to question whether tourists will continue to visit game parks TO SEE rhinos. And we have that option in some of the other answer choices.

You could also argue that the pronoun “their” is potentially ambiguous. It could refer to the rhinos or the tourists or the poachers, and only the rhinos would make sense, since tourists and poachers rarely trim their own horns. And again, pronoun ambiguity isn’t an absolute rule (more on that in this video), but we’ll have better options in a moment.

If you wanted to be conservative, you could keep (A), but the problems in (A) will be fixed in another answer choice.

Quote:
(B) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are

(B) includes the phrase “visit game parks to see [a rhino]…”, and that makes more sense than the parallel structure we saw in (A).

Trouble is, now the pronouns are worse. You could argue that “one” is a little bit ambiguous because it’s so far from “rhinoceroses”, but I can live with that – I don’t think it’s unclear, even if it isn’t awesome. But the “their” is definitely an issue: the nearest plurals are “game parks” and “tourists”, and neither of those are likely to have their horns trimmed. “Their” logically needs to refer to “rhinoceroses”, but that word is a long way from the pronoun now. That’s not cool.

So (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns have been

(C) fixes all of the problems and imperfections of (A) and (B). We have “…continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses…”, and that’s better than the parallel version in (A). The pronoun has been completely removed, so now we have “once the animals’ horns have been trimmed” – and that’s clear as a bell.

Let’s keep (C).

Quote:
(D) if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns are

(D) has the same parallelism problem as (A): “visit game parks and see rhinos” makes less sense than “visit game parks TO see rhinos.” See the explanation for (A) for more on this issue.

The GMAT also tends to frown on the use of “if” in situations like these. The GMAT seems to think that “if” can only be used for “if/then” (conditional) statements, but NOT for situations like this sentence, when the intent is just to indicate that two different alternatives are possible (e.g., visiting vs. not visiting game parks). I think that’s a silly thing for the GMAT to test, but who cares what I think?

The shorter version: if you’re given a choice between “if” and “whether” on the GMAT, then you’ll almost certainly want to choose “whether.”

So (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animals’ horns have been

The only major problem in (E) is the use of “if.” See (D) for more on that issue.

So (E) is gone, and we’re left with (C).
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Re: QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2018, 01:44
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The question in the sentence is whether tourists will continue come to the game parks with the intention of seeing rhinoceroses.

Would like to pitch in and throw some light on the possible confusion 'and see' and 'to see'.

Take two examples.
I went out of my house and saw the car.
I went out of my house to see the car.

In the first case it states that seeing the car is something that happened incidentally when I went out of my house, whereas the second sentence says that the entire intention of going out of the house was to see the car.

I'll eliminate (A) and (D) on the basis of just that.

(B) goes out for the ambiguous 'their'

(E) uses if, which is incorrect as the GMAT only wants you to use 'if' for conditional statement.

So (C) it is.
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Re: QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 03:02
+1 for option C. This question tests you on the use of "if vs whether" and tenses. Choose whether and use present perfect form ! Option C is the winner :)
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Re: QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2018, 17:55
spetznaz wrote:
+1 for option C. This question tests you on the use of "if vs whether" and tenses. Choose whether and use present perfect form ! Option C is the winner :)


How do you know present perfect is needed here?
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Re: QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 05:33
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bpdulog wrote:
spetznaz wrote:
+1 for option C. This question tests you on the use of "if vs whether" and tenses. Choose whether and use present perfect form ! Option C is the winner :)


How do you know present perfect is needed here?


Present perfect tense is used when you need to describe an event that has happened and its effect is being felt now. Use of present tense is wrong here because we are not talking about a generality here.
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Re: QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 08:08
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bpdulog wrote:
spetznaz wrote:
+1 for option C. This question tests you on the use of "if vs whether" and tenses. Choose whether and use present perfect form ! Option C is the winner :)


How do you know present perfect is needed here?




Hello bpdulog,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

The key to the correct usage of a verb tense in any sense is to understand the context and the intended meaning.

This official sentence intends to say probably the tourists come to see rhinoceroses because of their horns. So the question is whether the tourists will continue to come to see rhinoceroses after their horns have been trimmed.

The sentence does need the usage of present perfect tense because the action of trimming the horns will have been done already when the tourists visit the game park. But they still will be able to see the trimmed horns. So the effect of trimming will continue. Hence, the usage pf present perfect tense.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks
Shraddha
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Re: QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 09:42
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 262: Sentence Correction


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A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are trimmed.

(A) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are

(B) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are

(C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns have been

(D) if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns are

(E) if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animals’ horns have been

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


It's C. We need "whether" in place of "if".
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Re: QOTD: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses &nbs [#permalink] 13 Apr 2018, 09:42
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