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# QOTD: According to many military historians

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QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 11:17
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74% (01:38) correct 26% (01:46) wrong based on 787 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 20: Sentence Correction

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According to many military historians, Germany’s conquest of the mountainous island of Navarone in the Aegean Sea was of utmost military importance throughout the Second World War because they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

(A) they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

(B) it realized that, if it did not exploit the island’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

(C) the nation’s generals realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril.

(D) they realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril.

(E) the nation’s generals realized that, if they did not exploit Navarone’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

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Re: QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 11:18
2
4
Quote:
(A) they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

"They" and "their" can't possibly refer to "Germany's", since "Germany's" is a singular, possessive noun. So I guess "they" and "their" must refer to historians, and that makes no sense at all. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) it realized that, if it did not exploit the island’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

"It" has no clear antecedent here, either. "Germany's" is possessive, and the subject pronoun "it" can't refer back to a possessive antecedent. Plus, it's awfully weird to say that "Germany realized" something. (B) is gone.

Quote:
(C) the nation’s generals realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril.

I like the use of "the nation's generals", but the last chunk of the sentence is an if/then statement, and we need to use the conditional "would" instead of "was." (C) can be eliminated.

Quote:
(D) they realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril.

This has the same pronoun problem as (B), along with the verb form problem that appears in (C).

Quote:
(E) the nation’s generals realized that, if they did not exploit Navarone’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

Much better! The verb is in the proper form, and the only pronoun in the underlined portion, "they", refers nicely back to the nation's generals. (E) is our answer.
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Re: QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 20:56
E

A,B & D are out because the non underlined part says germany's conquest.

C is wrong becoz of incorrect usage of IF clause.

Correct me if i am wrong.

thanks
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Re: QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 23:21
souvik101990 wrote:
According to many military historians, Germany’s conquest of the mountainous island of Navarone in the Aegean Sea was of utmost military importance throughout the Second World War because they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

(A) they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

(B) it realized that, if it did not exploit the island’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

(C) the nation’s generals realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril.

(D) they realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril.

(E) the nation’s generals realized that, if they did not exploit Navarone’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

IMHO , Correct answer must be (D) , errors in other options highlighted in RED above...
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Re: QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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27 May 2017, 01:00
According to many military historians, Germany’s conquest of the mountainous island of Navarone in the Aegean Sea was of utmost military importance throughout the Second World War because they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

(A) they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril. - Antecedent of the pronoun is ambiguous

(B) it realized that, if it did not exploit the island’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril. Antecedent of the pronoun is ambiguous

(C) the nation’s generals realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril. - If past, then would is preferred - incorrect usage in second part of the clause - "was always in peril" distorts the meaning

(D) they realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril. - Same error as C

(E) the nation’s generals realized that, if they did not exploit Navarone’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril. - Corrects the error in C and removes any pronoun ambiguity.
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Re: QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2017, 10:08
According to many military historians, Germany’s conquest of the mountainous island of Navarone in the Aegean Sea was of utmost military importance throughout the Second World War because they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril.

(A) they realized that, if they did not exploit its strategic location, their survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril. - what are these pronouns referencing back to? Military historians? Doesn't make logical sense.

(B) it realized that, if it did not exploit the island’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril. - what does "it" refer back to? Germany? Unclear.

(C) the nation’s generals realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril. - "Was" should be "would"

(D) they realized that, if Navarone’s strategic location was not exploited, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British was always in peril. - another pronoun that doesn't reference back to a logical antecedent

(E) the nation’s generals realized that, if they did not exploit Navarone’s strategic location, Germany’s survival against the indomitable naval might of the British would always be in peril. - the issue of confusing pronouns is eliminated by using "the nation's generals"; "would" is correctly used
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Re: QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2018, 12:56
GMATNinja

Regarding Choice E, Could you please advise whether the usage of "would" (expectation/possibility) + "always" is logical.

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Re: QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2018, 06:52
I chose C

I was making a lot of mistakes whenever there is if-then in the middle of some big sentence or in complex sentences.

I have created a sheet for myself which has common scenarios of if-then usage and their following clause. GMATNinja could you please help me validate these and is the way to go while handling if-thens. With me, whenever the sentence correction question is a long long sentence, I take a lot of time to read and understand.

If clause has resent tense---> The Main clause will have the present tense or future tense depending on the context.

If clause has present continuous/present perfect----> Main clause will have simple future. (will/shall)

If clause has past tense/past continuous----> could/should/would (Like the one in the question)

If clause has past perfect-----> could have /would have / might have.
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Re: QOTD: According to many military historians  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2018, 20:38
namita_am wrote:
I chose C

I was making a lot of mistakes whenever there is if-then in the middle of some big sentence or in complex sentences.

I have created a sheet for myself which has common scenarios of if-then usage and their following clause. GMATNinja could you please help me validate these and is the way to go while handling if-thens. With me, whenever the sentence correction question is a long long sentence, I take a lot of time to read and understand.

If clause has resent tense---> The Main clause will have the present tense or future tense depending on the context.

If clause has present continuous/present perfect----> Main clause will have simple future. (will/shall)

If clause has past tense/past continuous----> could/should/would (Like the one in the question)

If clause has past perfect-----> could have /would have / might have.

I don't think this particular construction should be a major part of your SC prep, but yes, your understanding of the various if/then cases seems to be correct. Personally, if I'm trying to internalize some rule or construction, I'd produce some specific examples that I could quickly eyeball to refresh my memory.

1) If I fall down the stairs, I will spill my cocktail.
2) If I bought a burrito from that unlicensed food truck, I would likely experience unpleasant indigestion.
3) If I had paid my taxes, I wouldn't have ended up sharing a cell with Tim, whose face tattoo was oddly beguiling.

And now, I'm just having fun with sentences.

So yes, you're on the right track, but I would argue that it's a relatively minor issue on the GMAT.

I hope this helps!
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Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

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SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
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Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

Re: QOTD: According to many military historians &nbs [#permalink] 18 Jul 2018, 20:38
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# QOTD: According to many military historians

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