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QOTD: Although the discount stores in Goreville central

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QOTD: Although the discount stores in Goreville central [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 15:40
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 134: Critical Reasoning


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Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a result of competition from a SpendLess discount department store that just opened, those locations will not stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson's.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Many customers of Colson's are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the SpendLess store opened.
B. Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been discount stores.
C. At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.
D. Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville's population will grow at a faster rate than it has for the past several decades.
E. Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either SpendLess or Colson's.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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QOTD: Although the discount stores in Goreville central [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 15:41
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There is actually a town called Goreville with about 1,000 people in Illinois! I don't think that there are many discount stores left in downtown Goreville, but I hear that there's a pretty good Mexican restaurant, with great enchiladas rancheros. But the GMAT probably doesn't care about Mexican food, so let's focus on this stinking passage:

The conclusion is that when the discount stores in Goreville close due to competition with SpendLess, their locations will not stay vacant for long (in other words, those locations will be filled by new stores or something else).

The author then presents evidence supporting that conclusion. When Colson's opened, some stores (we don't know how many) closed because they could not compete with Colson's. Within five years, a new store opened at the location of each of the closed stores.

Based on the Colson's example, the author argues that the same thing will happen when SpendLess opens. But are these two examples comparable? Is the evidence based on Colson's, a nondiscount department store, relevant to a discount department store like SpendLess? Can the conclusion be properly be drawn based on that evidence?

We need to find an answer choice that weakens the author's argument:

Quote:
A. Many customers of Colson's are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the SpendLess store opened.

This doesn't tell us anything about the stores that will close due to competition with SpendLess. Will their locations remain vacant? Choice (A) doesn't give us any indication either way, so it can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been discount stores.

After Colson's opened, the vacant locations became discount stores that did not have to compete with Colson's (since Colson's is a nondiscount store). But now we have both a discount department store AND a nondiscount department store. So when the stores competing with SpendLess close, they can't be easily replaced with nondiscount stores (since we already have a Colson's that drove such stores out of business).

This information is evidence that it will be more difficult to fill the new vacancies than it was after Colson's opened. This weakens the author's argument, so keep (B).

Quote:
C. At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.

This does not tell us what will happen when several of the discount stores close because of competition with SpendLess. Will those vacancies be filled? Choice (C) doesn't strengthen or weaken the author's argument, so it can be eliminated.

Quote:
D. Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville's population will grow at a faster rate than it has for the past several decades.

This might actually strengthen the author's argument. If there are more people, there might be a demand for more stores. That might make it easier to fill the vacancies. Regardless, this certainly doesn't weaken the author's argument, so (D) can be eliminated.

Quote:
E. Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either SpendLess or Colson's.

All we know is that the discount stores that compete with SpendLess are going to close, and we need information suggesting that those vacancies will or will not stay vacant for long. Choice (E) just tells us that Goreville has a variety of other stores. Perhaps if we were told that there was a demand for MORE of those types of stores then we could argue that the vacancies could be filled with stores that sell such merchandise (strengthening the argument). As is, choice (E) does not suggest whether the vacancies will be filled, so (E) can be eliminated.

Choice (B) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: Although the discount stores in Goreville central [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 23:47
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I am quite confused with the question

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Re: QOTD: Although the discount stores in Goreville central [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 01:34
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Awaiting OA. My answer B

Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a result of competition from a SpendLess discount department store that just opened, those locations will not stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson's.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Many customers of Colson's are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the SpendLess store opened. -Even if the cutomers do less shopping than before, it doesn't explain that why the locations will stay vacant for long after the opening of spend less store.
B. Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been discount stores. -Correct. If the stores that opened in place of the closed stores when Colson's opened were discount stores, then there is very less chance that any more stores will open.
C. At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had. -Out of scope
D. Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville's population will grow at a faster rate than it has for the past several decades. -Out of scope
E. Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either SpendLess or Colson's. -They sell the clothes right now, but this statement doesn't help explain as to why the locations will stay vacant for long.
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Re: QOTD: Although the discount stores in Goreville central [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2017, 01:18
+1 for B. Ask yourself what do we need to do to weaken the argument. The conclusion states that location will not stay empty for long. What if the new stores that open up are all discount stores ?? Then their chances of survival comes down because of competition. Hence option B
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Re: QOTD: Although the discount stores in Goreville central   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2017, 01:18
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