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# QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent

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MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
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WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 04:32
3
21
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

45% (00:51) correct 55% (01:06) wrong based on 594 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 242: Sentence Correction

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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

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QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 04:33
5
4
This one is an absolute classic. One key to the question is that “the seven-store retailer” is singular, so “its” definitely works better than “they.” Most people catch that part, though.

The more common mistake is with the verb tenses. Hopefully, you immediately notice the verb tense in the phrase “one of its many problems had been the recent... sales slump." "Had been" is past perfect tense, and for that to be acceptable, there has to another past action somewhere in the sentence that occurs AFTER the recent sales slump. The tricky part is noticing that "said" is actually in simple past tense, and that actually makes sense: the recent sales slump had been a problem before the retailer said that it would begin liquidation.

So with that in mind…
Quote:
(A) its many problems had been the recent

This looks pretty good. The pronoun is correct, and the past perfect makes sense, as described above. So let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) its many problems has been the recently

Now the verb tense doesn’t work: “has been” (present perfect, if you like jargon) indicates an action that started in the past and continues into the present. So the sequencing doesn’t really make sense in its current form: literally, it’s saying that the retailer said -- in the past – that it would start a liquidation sale (implying that the retailer is closing down), but somehow it reported an ongoing sales slump that continues into the present? Seems odd to me. We’re trying to say that one of the retailer’s many problems included a sales slump, and THEN the retailer announced the liquidation. So the present perfect tense isn’t ideal in (B).

And if you don’t believe that, we also have a problem with the adverb “recently”:
• ”recent extended sales slump” → Both “recent” and “extended” are adjectives that describe the “sales slump.” And that makes sense: the sales slump is extended (a synonym for “long” in this case), and it also is recent. Fine.
• ”recently extended sales slump” → Now “recently” is an adverb that modifies “extended.” That warps the meaning: now the sales slump was recently extended, meaning that the sales slump was just – in the last few days or weeks – somehow lengthened. And there’s no reason why we would say that here: the sentence is trying to say that the sales slump itself was recent, not that it was lengthened recently.

So we have a couple of not-terribly-easy reasons to eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) its many problems is the recently

(C) basically has some of the same problems as (B). For starters, the present tense is definitely wrong here: the retailer – in the past tense – said that it would start a liquidation sale, so it doesn’t make sense to say that one of its many problems is the sales slump. How could the sales slump happen AFTER the announcement to liquidate?

And “recently” is still a problem, too. See the explanation for (B) for more on this issue.

So (C) is out.

Quote:
(D) their many problems is the recent

The present tense still doesn’t make sense – see the explanation for (C) for more on that issue. And “their” is plural, and can’t logically refer to the (singular) “seven-store retailer.”

So we can eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) their many problems had been the recent

I’m good with the verb tense (see the explanation at the very top of this post for more), but “their” once again can’t refer to the (singular) “seven-store retailer.”

We can eliminate (E), and we’re left with (A).
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##### General Discussion
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Joined: 02 Jan 2017
Posts: 42
Re: QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 04:51
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 242: Sentence Correction

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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

i'd go with C. whats the OA. D n E are out because there s no agreement with subject in the second half of the sentence. A is out because of the past perfect tense had been which shows events in the past.
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Re: QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 05:03
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent -Correct. Said is past so usage of had is correct
(B) its many problems has been the recently - Has is wrong;we need had. Recently is wrong; we need recent (adj) to modify sales.
(C) its many problems is the recently - is is wrong. Recently is wrong
(D) their many problems is the recent - their is wrong. Is is wrong.
(E) their many problems had been the recent -their is wrong
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Re: QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 05:13
IMO B
D,E are out because of retailer(singular) S-V agreement problem. A is out because the problem is still continuing. And C is out because the problem Is still continnuing and we use present perfect for that.

What is the OA for this?
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Re: QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2018, 09:36
GMATNinja wrote:
This one is an absolute classic. One key to the question is that “the seven-store retailer” is singular, so “its” definitely works better than “they.” Most people catch that part, though.

The more common mistake is with the verb tenses. Hopefully, you immediately notice the verb tense in the phrase “one of its many problems had been the recent... sales slump." "Had been" is past perfect tense, and for that to be acceptable, there has to another past action somewhere in the sentence that occurs AFTER the recent sales slump. The tricky part is noticing that "said" is actually in simple past tense, and that actually makes sense: the recent sales slump had been a problem before the retailer said that it would begin liquidation.

So with that in mind…
Quote:
(A) its many problems had been the recent

This looks pretty good. The pronoun is correct, and the past perfect makes sense, as described above. So let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) its many problems has been the recently

Now the verb tense doesn’t work: “has been” (present perfect, if you like jargon) indicates an action that started in the past and continues into the present. So the sequencing doesn’t really make sense in its current form: literally, it’s saying that the retailer said -- in the past – that it would start a liquidation sale (implying that the retailer is closing down), but somehow it reported an ongoing sales slump that continues into the present? Seems odd to me. We’re trying to say that one of the retailer’s many problems included a sales slump, and THEN the retailer announced the liquidation. So the present perfect tense isn’t ideal in (B).

And if you don’t believe that, we also have a problem with the adverb “recently”:
• ”recent extended sales slump” → Both “recent” and “extended” are adjectives that describe the “sales slump.” And that makes sense: the sales slump is extended (a synonym for “long” in this case), and it also is recent. Fine.
• ”recently extended sales slump” → Now “recently” is an adverb that modifies “extended.” That warps the meaning: now the sales slump was recently extended, meaning that the sales slump was just – in the last few days or weeks – somehow lengthened. And there’s no reason why we would say that here: the sentence is trying to say that the sales slump itself was recent, not that it was lengthened recently.

So we have a couple of not-terribly-easy reasons to eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) its many problems is the recently

(C) basically has some of the same problems as (B). For starters, the present tense is definitely wrong here: the retailer – in the past tense – said that it would start a liquidation sale, so it doesn’t make sense to say that one of its many problems is the sales slump. How could the sales slump happen AFTER the announcement to liquidate?

And “recently” is still a problem, too. See the explanation for (B) for more on this issue.

So (C) is out.

Quote:
(D) their many problems is the recent

The present tense still doesn’t make sense – see the explanation for (C) for more on that issue. And “their” is plural, and can’t logically refer to the (singular) “seven-store retailer.”

So we can eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) their many problems had been the recent

I’m good with the verb tense (see the explanation at the very top of this post for more), but “their” once again can’t refer to the (singular) “seven-store retailer.”

We can eliminate (E), and we’re left with (A).

Thanks for the wonderful explanation !!
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Re: QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2018, 11:47
1
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

"the seven-store retailer" is singular so we need its. Eliminate D and E

The moment I see past perfect I go on high alert and I start to look for another action that forms a sequence. So, here "said" is an another action that happened after "extended". The only option that shows this relation is A and is our answer.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent
Re: QOTD: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2018, 11:47
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