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# Questions on Relative clauses from GMAT club Grammar book -Exercise 26

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Questions on Relative clauses from GMAT club Grammar book -Exercise 26  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2015, 16:31
I took the Ex. 26 test and I could not fully understand the logic for some of the answers given in the book. R is Restrictive clause and NR is Non-Restrictive clause. Either R or NR is marked towards the end of the sentence

1. The cat is in my yard again. The cat has a broken leg.
The cat, that (or which) has the broken leg, is in my yard again. _NR

I don't think this is NR, we are talking about a specific cat that has a broken leg, so this should be restrictive.

6. Dragons breathe columns of fire. Dragons fly through the night sky.
Dragons that (or which) fly through the night breath columns of fire. __R__

Why is this R, we are saying any dragon who breather cloumns of fire not just those that fly through night sky. how can someone assume that only those that fly through night sky breathe fire. ?

9. The baby was rushed to the hospital. The baby’s arm was broken.
The baby, whose arm was broken, was rushed to the hospital. _NR_

Same as the 1st question, we are talking specifically about the baby whose arm was broken not any other baby.

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Questions on Relative clauses from GMAT club Grammar book -Exercise 26  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2015, 05:27
[quote="@kingjamesrules"]I took the Ex. 26 test and I could not fully understand the logic for some of the answers given in the book. R is Restrictive clause and NR is Non-Restrictive clause. Either R or NR is marked towards the end of the sentence

1. The cat is in my yard again. The cat has a broken leg.
The cat, that (or which) has the broken leg, is in my yard again. _NR
Here which is correct and as per GMAT, any phrase starting with which wthin commas is non restrictive.
If you write this as " The cat that has the broken leg is in my yard again." Now it is R

I don't think this is NR, we are talking about a specific cat that has a broken leg, so this should be restrictive.
Being R or NR depends the way you write it . that without commas means R and which within commas is NR

6. Dragons breathe columns of fire. Dragons fly through the night sky.
Dragons that (or which) fly through the night breath columns of fire. __R__

Why is this R, we are saying any dragon who breather cloumns of fire not just those that fly through night sky. how can someone assume that only those that fly through night sky breathe fire. ?

9. The baby was rushed to the hospital. The baby’s arm was broken.
The baby, whose arm was broken, was rushed to the hospital. _NR_

Hi,
Being R or NR depends the way you write it ." that "without commas means R and" which' within commas is NR
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html

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Re: Questions on Relative clauses from GMAT club Grammar book -Exercise 26  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2015, 15:45
chetan2u wrote:
@kingjamesrules wrote:
I took the Ex. 26 test and I could not fully understand the logic for some of the answers given in the book. R is Restrictive clause and NR is Non-Restrictive clause. Either R or NR is marked towards the end of the sentence

1. The cat is in my yard again. The cat has a broken leg.
The cat, that (or which) has the broken leg, is in my yard again. _NR
Here which is correct and as per GMAT, any phrase starting with which wthin commas is non restrictive.
If you write this as " The cat that has the broken leg is in my yard again." Now it is R

I don't think this is NR, we are talking about a specific cat that has a broken leg, so this should be restrictive.
Being R or NR depends the way you write it . that without commas means R and which within commas is NR

6. Dragons breathe columns of fire. Dragons fly through the night sky.
Dragons that (or which) fly through the night breath columns of fire. __R__

Why is this R, we are saying any dragon who breather cloumns of fire not just those that fly through night sky. how can someone assume that only those that fly through night sky breathe fire. ?

9. The baby was rushed to the hospital. The baby’s arm was broken.
The baby, whose arm was broken, was rushed to the hospital. _NR_

Hi,
Being R or NR depends the way you write it ." that "without commas means R and" which' within commas is NR

Hi Chetan2U, I really appreciate your reply. But your answer is not helping. Basically this is a test out of GMAT club's exercise. So these options are either R or NR and not you can put them anyway you want. The second sentence is basically the answer here. I just need the explanation of why the grammar book has such an answer.
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Posts: 7111
Re: Questions on Relative clauses from GMAT club Grammar book -Exercise 26  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2015, 18:27
kingjamesrules wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
@kingjamesrules wrote:
I took the Ex. 26 test and I could not fully understand the logic for some of the answers given in the book. R is Restrictive clause and NR is Non-Restrictive clause. Either R or NR is marked towards the end of the sentence

1. The cat is in my yard again. The cat has a broken leg.
The cat, that (or which) has the broken leg, is in my yard again. _NR
Here which is correct and as per GMAT, any phrase starting with which wthin commas is non restrictive.
If you write this as " The cat that has the broken leg is in my yard again." Now it is R

I don't think this is NR, we are talking about a specific cat that has a broken leg, so this should be restrictive.
Being R or NR depends the way you write it . that without commas means R and which within commas is NR

6. Dragons breathe columns of fire. Dragons fly through the night sky.
Dragons that (or which) fly through the night breath columns of fire. __R__

Why is this R, we are saying any dragon who breather cloumns of fire not just those that fly through night sky. how can someone assume that only those that fly through night sky breathe fire. ?

9. The baby was rushed to the hospital. The baby’s arm was broken.
The baby, whose arm was broken, was rushed to the hospital. _NR_

Hi,
Being R or NR depends the way you write it ." that "without commas means R and" which' within commas is NR

Hi Chetan2U, I really appreciate your reply. But your answer is not helping. Basically this is a test out of GMAT club's exercise. So these options are either R or NR and not you can put them anyway you want. The second sentence is basically the answer here. I just need the explanation of why the grammar book has such an answer.

Hi,
the Q you have talked of have more to know how R and NR are made than the meaning specific...
If you find any GMAT Qs having which or that, the rule to follow is as mentioned above..
You should be clear on usage of which and that, and you will find the rules as mentioned above being followed in almost all Official GMAT Qs..
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html

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Location: South Africa
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Re: Questions on Relative clauses from GMAT club Grammar book -Exercise 26  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2016, 22:28
kingjamesrules I agree with those three sentences. In the 1st and the third, we definitely need some more information to correctly deduce who is the subject. And in the second, it is utterly stupid to assume that only the dragons who breathe fire fly through the night sky or vice versa. Even I went with R, NR, R. @\
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Re: Questions on Relative clauses from GMAT club Grammar book -Exercise 26 &nbs [#permalink] 23 Jan 2016, 22:28
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