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# Sally overslept. Therefore, she did not eat breakfast. She

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Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4288
Sally overslept. Therefore, she did not eat breakfast. She [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2004, 20:29
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Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

33% (00:00) correct 67% (00:17) wrong based on 5 sessions

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Sally overslept. Therefore, she did not eat breakfast. She realized that she was late for school, so she ran as fast as she could and did not see a hole in the ground which was in her path. She tripped and broke her ankle. She was then taken to the hospital and while lying in bed was visited by her friends, who wanted to know why she had got up so late.
Which of the following conclusions can be made from the above passage?

A) Because Sally did not eat her breakfast, she broke her ankle
B) Sally's friend visited her in the hospital because she wanted to know why she was late for school
C) Sally did not notice the hole because she overslept
D) Sally broke her ankle because she went to bed late the previous night
E) Sally's broken ankle meant she did not go to school that day
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Paul

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Joined: 28 Oct 2003
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08 Jan 2004, 20:44
Don't quit your day job, Paul.
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Joined: 15 Dec 2003
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08 Jan 2004, 20:58
You better provide me with an answer to my question Stoolfi
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Paul

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08 Jan 2004, 21:32
wow..this one is good. atlast someone thought of posting some interesting stuff. GMAT line of thinking was making me "'interpret my bosses' sayings in a logical/illogical way".

good job Paul. I don't think I have the answer, still I will guess. E
Director
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08 Jan 2004, 22:21
"She was then taken to the hospital and while lying in bed was visited by her friends, who wanted to know why she had got up so late. "

So, if E is correct, her friends visited her the next day, or her friends are school-aged and as such could not visit her during school hours?

Inquiring minds want to know.
Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2003
Posts: 26
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09 Jan 2004, 02:55
I'll go with C.....
Off ans Plzzzzz
Director
Joined: 13 Nov 2003
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09 Jan 2004, 07:39
stoolfi wrote:
"She was then taken to the hospital and while lying in bed was visited by her friends, who wanted to know why she had got up so late. "

So, if E is correct, her friends visited her the next day, or her friends are school-aged and as such could not visit her during school hours?

Inquiring minds want to know.

ques "...following conclusions ..." thus, we can have multiple answers.

to make everybody happy...choose C and E
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Joined: 29 Aug 2003
Posts: 241
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09 Jan 2004, 07:51
Only C can be logically inferred from the stimulus.

For E, may be Sally went to school after leaving the hospital. Do we know how long she was in the hospital ? No.

Last edited by asandeep on 09 Jan 2004, 12:41, edited 1 time in total.
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09 Jan 2004, 11:18
Good reasoning Asandeep. Indeed, if we draw the chain of events, only C can be implied
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Paul

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09 Jan 2004, 11:46
Paul,

For C to be correct, shouldn't the language change from:

so she ran as fast as she could and did not see a hole in the ground which was in her path

to:

Because she was running, she could not see a hole in the ground that was in her path.

In other words, the question does not assert causation. Perhaps the hole in the ground was new. Perhaps her neighbor raked leaves over the hole in the ground, thus obscuring it.
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09 Jan 2004, 12:12
Underneath are the two chain of events

Overslept --> Did not eat breakfast

Overslept --> Late for school --> Did not see hole --> Broke an ankle --> Lying at hospital

A) cannot be assumed because the broken ankle is not dependent on whether she ate breakfast
B) wrong because it mixes cause/effect. Her friend visited her because she was late for school. Her friend did not visit her to know why she was late for school
C) only one which can be directly implied
D) cannot be implied that she went to bed late the previous night. All we know is that she overslept
E) again, she could have gone to school and then to the hospital after. We just donтАЩt know from the information given

I'm having the hardest time posting diagrams like Titleist or dj do. Just thought it would have been nicer.
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Paul

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09 Jan 2004, 12:30
Paul

Overslept --> Late for school --> Did not see hole --> Broke an ankle --> Lying at hospital

I understand your point, and I understand causation in this chain:

Overslept --> Late for school -->

and this chain:

Did not see hole --> Broke an ankle --> Lying at hospital

But, again, you do not assert causation! You leave it up to the reader to infer it, but there's no good reason to infer it.

It even would have been better had you said "Because she was running as fast as she could, she slipped and broke her ankle", because we could trace the slip to her running. And we could trace the running to lateness, which we could trace to oversleeping.

But there's really no good reason to assume (as the reader of the question) that she hit a hole because she was running.
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09 Jan 2004, 12:44
Well, I believe I just assumed the causation from the succint given events. True that we could extrapolate and find another cause to her not seeing the hole but I really restricted myself to what was given. Perhaps the question could have been better phrased with the causal link word "because". I should also maybe stick to my daytime job after all You are too much of an inquiring mind Stoolfi! I am overwhelmed and bewildered by such meticulousness
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Paul

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Joined: 29 Aug 2003
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09 Jan 2004, 12:50
stoolfi, the point you are bringing up is valid.

But, thats what the question is all about. If the wordings were to be clear then this would have been a TOEFL question. Isn't it ?
09 Jan 2004, 12:50
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