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# School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent

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Joined: 29 Mar 2005
Posts: 37
School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 18 Sep 2018, 08:59
4
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

45% (01:29) correct 55% (01:44) wrong based on 186 sessions

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School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.

(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces

(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces

(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces

(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing

(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

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Originally posted by ritledge on 03 Oct 2005, 15:08.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Sep 2018, 08:59, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2005, 17:51
C and D are out as both would not join up well with the non-underlined part of the passage

B is awkward with 'significant integration increases'

E uses the plural 'reduce' inappropriately

A is the best choice.
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2005, 18:00
ywilfred wrote:
C and D are out as both would not join up well with the non-underlined part of the passage

B is awkward with 'significant integration increases'

E uses the plural 'reduce' inappropriately

A is the best choice.

isn't A contain split infinitive?

to + significant + increases
SVP
Joined: 05 Apr 2005
Posts: 1603
Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2005, 06:33
1
duttsit wrote:
ywilfred wrote:
C and D are out as both would not join up well with the non-underlined part of the passage
B is awkward with 'significant integration increases'
E uses the plural 'reduce' inappropriately
A is the best choice.
isn't A contain split infinitive?to + significant + increases

A is not a case of split infinitive becasue increases is not a verb but a noun and the noun is modified by adjective significantly.

And A is correct.
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Posts: 346
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2005, 06:40
1
IMO A is correct.

B - misplaced word order.
C- error in reference-which
D- in turn reducing
Manager
Joined: 25 Dec 2009
Posts: 75
Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2009, 05:37
2
618. School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

I go for C .

Could someone explain each of the answer choices , I suspect why correct answer uses "reduce" over "reduces" whereas "increase in housing integration" as subject for last dependent clause is singualr.
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Posts: 1662
Location: New York
Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2009, 10:49
1
1
618. School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

I go for C .

Could someone explain each of the answer choices , I suspect why correct answer uses "reduce" over "reduces" whereas "increase in housing integration" as subject for last dependent clause is singualr.

Choice A looks good

(a) Contributed to "X" where X is noun.

Contribut to "increases" ( increases -> activing as noun. Significant --> Adjective modifying noun "increases)
which correctly modifies "housing integration"

(b) changes the orignal meaning " Contributed to "Significant integration"
also which modifies"housing" instead of "housing integration"

(C) which modfies "housing integration" .. so, "housing integration" should be placed before which.
also
Contributed to "increase housing integration"
contributed to "increase in housing integration" would have been better.
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2010, 08:29
1
This is Question number 618 in 1000 SC questions. From the answer sheet I have, the OA is "A" .

E is also correct except that it has verb for plural subject whereas school integration is singular subject here.

Could we have a confirmation from offical expert I.e. from someone belonging to Manhattan or Kaplan .
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2011, 00:03
2
First the answer: The verb contributed to needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase rather than a verb or verb phase. So C, D and E are out. Although B uses a noun phrase, the expression ‘significant integration increases’ is too awkward to merit consideration. This leaves A.

Now on to the relative pronoun which: It is the integration that reduces the future need for busing, and in A the pronoun rightly touches the integration and refers to it.
The only other choice in which the pronoun touches the integration, namely E, has a fatal S-V agreement error in using a plural verb reduce for the singular subject integration
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 03:58
1
1
IMO, X contributes to Y is the correct idiomatic expression in which X is a noun and Y is a noun. A noun is needed here after ‘to’ because; ‘to’ is a preposition and not a part of the infinitive “to+verb”. This is a very context specific idiom.

Choices CDE flout this norm and use an infinitive ‘to increase housing integration’, which is structurally flawed. Therefore, you may choose between A and B.

Choice B changes the meaning in saying “significant integration increases in housing” as if ‘integration increases’ as some kind of special increase.

This is the shortest way you can hit the tape. If you have enough time to muse in the exam hall, well then, keep munching over other points such as S-V, modifications etc
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2013, 10:13
Can someone please give the OA?
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2013, 10:43
1
igotthis wrote:
Can someone please give the OA?

Well, I'm not an expert but it should be A.

I cross-checked on Manhattan site & the experts concur with A. You can Google the questions if the OA is not provided or if you're not convinced with the OA. Most of the questions are also discussed in other forums.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/1000-sc-618-t1520.html

School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.

(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces -- "integration increases" doesn't make sense
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces -- misplaced "which"
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing - adverb significantly is wrongly placed and distorts the intended meaning
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce -- S-V disagreement Singular subject "integration" and plural verb "reduce"
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2013, 18:17
rahuluec wrote:
School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.

(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce

Has to be C

Increases is plural so A,B are out

in turn reducing is wrong tense D is out
E is wordy

Cheers
J
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Joined: 16 Jan 2013
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2013, 20:40
1
1
jlgdr wrote:

Has to be C

Increases is plural so A,B are out

in turn reducing is wrong tense D is out
E is wordy

Cheers
J

Increase is a verb and increases is a noun. Please read the below explanation.

School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.

(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
A is of the construction - Plans have contributed to increases in housing integration, integration in turn reduces any future need for busing.
Also usage of contributed to something is idiomatic

(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
Significant is an adjective and it is describing integration, a noun. Instead, it should be describing increases.
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
increase is a verb, significantly is an adverb, modifying the verb increase. So far, good. But the catch is when you replace this in the sentence, which reads
"..have contributed to increase housing integration significantly.."
contribute to something is the correct idiom, and that something has to be a noun, not a verb or a verb phrase.
Instead if the sentence read "..have contributed to an increase in housing integration..", it would have been a proper construction.

(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
Same issue in C.
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce[/quote]
Same issue in C.
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2018, 06:55
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Re: School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and cent &nbs [#permalink] 18 Sep 2018, 06:55
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