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Scientific research that involves international collaborati

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Scientific research that involves international collaborati [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2013, 21:24
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Scientific research that involves international collaboration has produced papers of greater influence, as measured by the number of times a paper is cited in subsequent papers, than has research without any collaboration. Papers that result from international collaboration are cited an average of seven times, whereas papers with single authors are cited only three times on average. This difference shows that research projects conducted by international research teams are of greater importance than those conducted by single researchers.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Prolific writers can inflate the number of citations they receive by citing themselves in subsequent papers.

(B) It is possible to ascertain whether or not a paper is the product of international collaboration by determining the number of citations it has received

(C) The number of citations a paper receives is a measure of the importance of the research it reports.

(D) The collaborative efforts of scientists who are citizens of the same country do not produce papers that are as important as papers that are produced by international collaboration.

(E) International research teams tend to be more generously funded than are single researchers.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Scientific research that involves international collaborati [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2013, 23:29
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Fact: Papers that result from international collaboration are cited an average of seven times,
Fact: Papers with single authors are cited only three times on average.
Conclusion: Research projects conducted by international research teams are of greater importance than those conducted by single researchers.

This question is about supporter assumption that will close the GAP between premises and conclusions.

The form is this question is:
X is cited more times than Y is cited.
==> X is more important than Y
We need a “bridge” to link the number of citations to the important of a paper. <== This is the assumption.

(A) Prolific writers can inflate the number of citations they receive by citing
themselves in subsequent papers.
Wrong. Irrelevant.

(B) It is possible to ascertain whether or not a paper is the product of international
collaboration by determining the number of citations it has received
Wrong. Irrelevant. We don’t discuss whether a paper is international. We only talk about whether a paper is important?

(C) The number of citations a paper receives is a measure of the importance of the
research it reports.
Correct. This is a supporter assumption that links the number of citations to the important of the paper.

(D) The collaborative efforts of scientists who are citizens of the same country do
not produce papers that are as important as papers that are produced by
international collaboration.
Wrong. Irrelevant. Nothing about citizens of same country vs. international.

(E) International research teams tend to be more generously funded than are single
researchers.
Wrong. Irrelevant. Nothing about funding.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Scientific research that involves international collaborati [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2015, 08:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Scientific research that involves international collaborati [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 09:35
The author of the argument is making an assumption that more the number of citation, important a paper is.

Option C hinges on this assumption.

If we negate the option C we get "the number of citations a paper receives is not a measure of the importance of the research it reports" then on what basis the conclusion was drawn. Hence C is the answer.
Re: Scientific research that involves international collaborati   [#permalink] 03 Oct 2017, 09:35
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