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Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis

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Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2020, 23:38
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A
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C
D
E

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Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that rocks were scattered by its force.

(A) indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that

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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 00:57
1
Ans: D

subject started with each is always singular. so, indicates should be correct
a,b,c-- eliminated for using indicate
d)correct
e)extent to-- wrong idiom
degree that-- wrong idiom
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 01:00
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Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that rocks were scattered by its force.

We clearly know that S-V is in place - Indicate vs. Indicates. The verb has to be 'Indicates'. Here the subject is not 'Scientists' but 'each of the photographs'

(A) indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that - S-V error as explained above :thumbdown:
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which - S-V error as explained above :thumbdown:
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which - S-V error as explained above :thumbdown:
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which - S-V agree. Correct
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that - S-V agreement but 'extent to flooding' is wrong. Incrorrect :thumbdown:
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 01:48
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(a)"each" is singular, so "indicate" is wrong.
"extent TO" is unidiomatic; it should be "extent OF".
"degree THAT" doesn't work. since things happen to a degree, you have to preserve this proposition; therefore, you have to say "degree TO WHICH".

(b)
"each" is singular, so "indicate" is wrong.
not parallel.
the second part, "the degree to which...", is a NOUN PHRASE centered on the noun "degree". to make this parallel, the first part should be another noun phrase, centered on the noun "extent". since this better parallelism is present in other choices, this choice is wrong. NEVER, EVER, choose an answer choice with parallelism that is inferior to the parallelism in other choices.

(c)
"each" is singular, so "indicate" is wrong.

(d) = correct
note the proper parallelism.
note the proper SV agreement.

(e)
"extent TO" is unidiomatic; it should be "extent OF".
"degree THAT" doesn't work. since things happen to a degree, you have to preserve this proposition; therefore, you have to say "degree TO WHICH".
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 02:00
SV agreement based
each is singular so option a,b,c all eliminated
option D is correct :
indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which

scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder [url]indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that[/url] rocks were scattered by its force.

(A) indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 03:16
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Quote:
Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that rocks were scattered by its force.

(A) indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that


NOTES: "each of the photo…" is singular, thus "indicates"; "the extent of the flooding… and the degree to which" is parallel.

Ans (D)
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 04:56
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D is the answer in my view.

Split#1: Subject-verb agreement: indicate vs indicates.
The subject of the sentence is each, which is singular. Hence the verb must also be singular verb form indicates. Based on this, A, B, and C can be eliminated.

Split #2: the extent of flooding vs the extent to flooding.
The extent of flooding is is the appropriate in the context of the meaning of the sentence. Hence E can be eliminated.

D is left as the best answer.

Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that rocks were scattered by its force.

(A) indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 09:02
Here subject of verb “indicate” is “each” which is sigular.
So verb should be “indicates”
Correct phrase” extent to”(E)
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jan 2020, 09:42
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Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that rocks were scattered by its force.

(A) indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that

D is the best choice.

Originally posted by ostrick5465 on 29 Jan 2020, 09:35.
Last edited by ostrick5465 on 29 Jan 2020, 09:42, edited 1 time in total.
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Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jan 2020, 23:56
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Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that rocks were scattered by its force.

(A) indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that - WRONG. 'To flooding' is incorrect. Plural verb indicate also.
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which - WRONG. Changes meaning, more importantly clause and phrase are not parallel. Plural verb also.
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which - WRONG. Slight change of meaning and plural verb.
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which - CORRECT. Parallelism correct between "the overwhelming...ago" and "the degree .... force". Singular verb.
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that - WRONG. "To flooding" is incorrect.

IMO Answer D.
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Originally posted by lnm87 on 29 Jan 2020, 09:38.
Last edited by lnm87 on 29 Jan 2020, 23:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 20:31
Photographs indicate and not indicates.

Eliminate option D and E

In A and B the use of that creates redundancy and is incorrect

IMO C

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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2020, 23:13
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"each of the photographs"" should be followed by "indicates" => eliminate A,B,C
"extent to flooding" makes no sense => eliminate E.

=> D is the best choice.
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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2020, 01:25
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

Bunuel wrote:

Competition Mode Question



Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that rocks were scattered by its force.

(A) indicate the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of the floods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of the flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that


Choice A: This answer choice features a subject-verb disagreement between the noun phrase "each of the photographs" and the verb "indicate". This answer choice also utilizes the unidiomatic phrases "extent to flooding" and "degree that rocks were", rather than the correct phrases "extent of flooding" and "degree to which rocks were". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice repeats the subject-verb agreement error seen in Option A. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice C: This answer choice repeats the subject-verb agreement error seen in Option A. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer maintains proper subject-verb agreement and idiom construction throughout the sentence. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice E: This answer choice repeats the idiom-related errors seen in Option A. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, D is the best answer choice.

Please note that when the word "each" is used in a sentence, a singular verb must be used to act upon the relevant noun because "each" signifies that the sentence refers to one noun among a plurality. The only situation wherein this rule does not apply is when "each" is preceded by a plural noun or pronoun.

To understand the concept of "An Exception in the Usage of Each on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



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Re: Scientists say that each of the photographs taken of the Ares Vallis   [#permalink] 30 Jan 2020, 01:25
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