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# Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the

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Manager
Joined: 11 Aug 2009
Posts: 122
Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2009, 21:35
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75% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (01:49) correct 57% (00:32) wrong based on 253 sessions

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Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the integer m, and all values in set S are equal to or less than 2m. What is the highest possible average (arithmetic mean) of all values in set S ?

A. m
B. 10m/7
C. 10m/7 – 9/7
D. 5m/7 + 3/7
E. 5m

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: set-s-contains-seven-distinct-integers-the-median-of-set-s-101331.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Dec 2014, 00:03, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
Senior Manager
Joined: 30 Aug 2009
Posts: 287
Location: India
Concentration: General Management
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2009, 21:51
kairoshan wrote:
Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the integer m, and all values in set S are equal to or less than 2m. What is the highest possible average (arithmetic mean) of all values in set S ?
m
10m/7
10m/7 – 9/7
5m/7 + 3/7
5m

10m/7 -9/7

lets consider m = 7 and set as [4,5,6,7,12,13,14] all distinct and will give highest possible average
CEO
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3584
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2009, 21:58
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
1. m is median --> x x x m x x x
2. 2m is the maximum value. x x x m x x 2m
3. because integers are distinct, we should find as large integers as we can under above restrictions:

x x (m-1) m x (2m-1) 1m
(m-3) (m-2) (m-1) m (2m-2) (2m-1) 2m
Sum = 10m-9
Average = 10/7m-9/7

So, C
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Manager
Joined: 11 Aug 2009
Posts: 122
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2009, 06:20
walker wrote:
1. m is median --> x x x m x x x
2. 2m is the maximum value. x x x m x x 2m
3. because integers are distinct, we should find as larger integers as we can under above restrictions:

x x (m-1) m x (2m-1) 1m
(m-3) (m-2) (m-1) m (2m-2) (2m-1) 2m
Sum = 10m+9
Average = 10/7m-9/7

So, C

Nice solution Walker!
Senior Manager
Affiliations: SPG
Joined: 15 Nov 2006
Posts: 327
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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27 May 2010, 01:53
Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the integer m, and all values in set S are equal to or less than 2m. What is the highest possible average (arithmetic mean) of all values in set S ?

m
10m/7
10m/7 – 9/7
5m/7 + 3/7
5m
_________________

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Manager
Joined: 30 Jun 2004
Posts: 177
Location: Singapore
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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27 May 2010, 02:21
1
KUDOS

Information provided in problem statement -
1. 7 distinct integers
2. Median is m
3. All values less than or equal to 2m

Based on this information, the 7 elements for highest possible average would be m-3, m-2, m-1, m, 2m-2, 2m-1, 2m.

And the average would be (10m - 9)/7 which is same as 10m/7 - 9/7.
Intern
Joined: 15 May 2010
Posts: 3
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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29 May 2010, 02:11
Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the integer m, and all values in set S are equal to or less than 2m. What is the highest possible average (arithmetic mean) of all values in set S ?

m
10m/7
10m/7 – 9/7
5m/7 + 3/7
5m

mean of 7 numbers = (Sum of 7 numbers)/7
To find the highest mean we need to maximise the numerator.

since m in the median and we've 7 numbers so m will take the 4th position i.e. the Set S must have(for max avg)

m, m, m, m, 2m, 2m, 2m

Max avg mean = (m + m + m + m + 2m + 2m + 2m)/7 = 10m/7
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Apr 2010
Posts: 446
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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30 May 2010, 04:34
OA is C

But why cant the set be

m,m,m,m,2m,2m,2m

it is a set and m can be the median, and average will be more than

m-3,m-2,m-1,m,2m-2,2m-1,2m

Amiman wrote:
Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the integer m, and all values in set S are equal to or less than 2m. What is the highest possible average (arithmetic mean) of all values in set S ?

m
10m/7
10m/7 – 9/7
5m/7 + 3/7
5m

mean of 7 numbers = (Sum of 7 numbers)/7
To find the highest mean we need to maximise the numerator.

since m in the median and we've 7 numbers so m will take the 4th position i.e. the Set S must have(for max avg)

m, m, m, m, 2m, 2m, 2m

Max avg mean = (m + m + m + m + 2m + 2m + 2m)/7 = 10m/7

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Director
Joined: 03 May 2007
Posts: 872
Schools: University of Chicago, Wharton School
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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30 May 2010, 12:44
BlueRobin wrote:
OA is C

But why cant the set be

m,m,m,m,2m,2m,2m

it is a set and m can be the median, and average will be more than

m-3,m-2,m-1,m,2m-2,2m-1,2m

Amiman wrote:
[highlight]Set S contains seven distinct integers[/highlight]. The median of set S is the integer m, and all values in set S are equal to or less than 2m. What is the highest possible average (arithmetic mean) of all values in set S ?

m
10m/7
10m/7 – 9/7
5m/7 + 3/7
5m

mean of 7 numbers = (Sum of 7 numbers)/7
To find the highest mean we need to maximise the numerator.

since m in the median and we've 7 numbers so m will take the 4th position i.e. the Set S must have(for max avg)

m, m, m, m, 2m, 2m, 2m

Max avg mean = (m + m + m + m + 2m + 2m + 2m)/7 = 10m/7

Note that "Set S contains seven distinct integers".
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Apr 2010
Posts: 446
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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30 May 2010, 13:09
Fistail wrote:
BlueRobin wrote:
OA is C

But why cant the set be

m,m,m,m,2m,2m,2m

it is a set and m can be the median, and average will be more than

m-3,m-2,m-1,m,2m-2,2m-1,2m

Amiman wrote:
[highlight]Set S contains seven distinct integers[/highlight]. The median of set S is the integer m, and all values in set S are equal to or less than 2m. What is the highest possible average (arithmetic mean) of all values in set S ?

m
10m/7
10m/7 – 9/7
5m/7 + 3/7
5m

mean of 7 numbers = (Sum of 7 numbers)/7
To find the highest mean we need to maximise the numerator.

since m in the median and we've 7 numbers so m will take the 4th position i.e. the Set S must have(for max avg)

m, m, m, m, 2m, 2m, 2m

Max avg mean = (m + m + m + m + 2m + 2m + 2m)/7 = 10m/7

Note that "Set S contains seven distinct integers".

Yeah thanks for point zzzzzzzzzzzz that out, i am awake now.
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Joined: 17 Oct 2014
Posts: 19
Location: India
Concentration: Healthcare, Nonprofit
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V37
GPA: 3.7
WE: Research (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2014, 10:04
walker wrote:
1. m is median --> x x x m x x x
2. 2m is the maximum value. x x x m x x 2m
3. because integers are distinct, we should find as large integers as we can under above restrictions:

x x (m-1) m x (2m-1) 1m
(m-3) (m-2) (m-1) m (2m-2) (2m-1) 2m
Sum = 10m-9
Average = 10/7m-9/7

So, C

Had the integers not been distinct would it have been like this:
m m m m 2m 2m 2m And the median would still have been m trying to clarify an imp concept
P.S. I'm a technology handicap so please dont beat your head at my posts' misplacements and redundancies
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 39667
Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2014, 00:07
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Motivatedtowin wrote:
walker wrote:
1. m is median --> x x x m x x x
2. 2m is the maximum value. x x x m x x 2m
3. because integers are distinct, we should find as large integers as we can under above restrictions:

x x (m-1) m x (2m-1) 1m
(m-3) (m-2) (m-1) m (2m-2) (2m-1) 2m
Sum = 10m-9
Average = 10/7m-9/7

So, C

Had the integers not been distinct would it have been like this:
m m m m 2m 2m 2m And the median would still have been m trying to clarify an imp concept
P.S. I'm a technology handicap so please dont beat your head at my posts' misplacements and redundancies

Yes, that's correct.

Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the integer m, and all values in set S are equal to or less than 2m. What is the highest possible average (arithmetic mean) of all values in set S ?

A. m
B. 10m/7
C. 10m/7 – 9/7
D. 5m/7 + 3/7
E. 5m

If a set has odd number of terms the median of a set is the middle number when arranged in ascending or descending order;
If a set has even number of terms the median of a set is the average of the two middle terms when arranged in ascending or descending order.

So median of S, which contains seven terms is 4th term when arranged in ascending order;: $$median=4th \ term=m$$.

Now, to maximize the mean we should maximize the terms. As numbers in S are distinct integers and the highest number in S could be equal to $$2m$$, then maximum values of the terms would be: $$m-3$$, $$m-2$$, $$m-1$$, $$median=m$$, $$2m-2$$, $$2m-1$$, $$2m$$.

$$Mean=\frac{(m-3)+(m-2)+(m-1)+m+(2m-2)+(2m-1)+2m}{7}=\frac{10m-9}{7}$$.

Check similar questions HERE

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: set-s-contains-seven-distinct-integers-the-median-of-set-s-101331.html
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Set S contains seven distinct integers. The median of set S is the   [#permalink] 02 Dec 2014, 00:07
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