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# Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may

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Intern
Joined: 19 Jun 2010
Posts: 48
Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2015, 10:31
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (02:04) correct 43% (01:59) wrong based on 218 sessions

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Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may help eliminate malaria, a disease that is believed to kill more than 2 million people worldwide each year. All of these vaccines, however, can sometimes produce acute, albeit short-lived and rarely fatal, side effects, the most unpleasant of which are intense diarrhea and severe skin reactions. Countries with the highest incidence of malaria should begin implementing as soon as possible a vaccination program using the vaccine that has shown the lowest incidence of severe skin reactions as a side effect.

Each of the following, if true, gives support to the recommendation above, EXCEPT:

a)The severe skin reactions caused by the new vaccines are rated as slightly more unpleasant by those who have experienced them as compared to the intense diarrhea.
b)The new vaccine that has shown the lowest incidence of severe skin reactions as a side effect costs approximately the same per dose as the other new vaccines.
c)The diarrhea that is a side effect of these vaccines is no more life threatening than the skin reactions that are a side effect of these vaccines.
d)In treating patients with intense diarrhea as a side effect of one these vaccines, it is sometimes necessary to resort to I.V. hydration.
d)All of the recently developed new vaccines have shown the same incidence of intense diarrhea as a side effect.

__________________________________
So, I understand that we need an answer that does NOT support the argument, the correct answer as per Kaplan is D, and I do understand why it is correct. But I initially chose B, can someone explain why C and B are incorrecT?

in b- it basically says that both vaccines cost the same hence, you are not supporting the decision to buy one vs the other. Is my reasoning correct?? given this is an except question we just need to find 4 answers that DO support the argument and my POE we will arrive at the answer. I do not see how B and C support the argument. In B, how can a statement that says that both vaccines cost the same support the decision to buy the vaccine with lowest incidence of skin reactions?

best
Oloman
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Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3422
Re: Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2015, 11:47
1
Hi

First of all. please, read the rules for posting in verbal section inasmuch the title of the post must be the first phrase of the question, itself

Back to your question: you need to find an answer that not weaken or strengthen the stimulus.i.e. a choice that DOES NOT show some relation to the side effects.

Only d shows this: how is cured the diarrhea does not affect the argument at stake. SO D is the correct answer.

Side note: this kind of question EXCEPT could be really confusing due to the nature that you must find an answer out of scope whereas in general the out of scope answers are the first you eliminate from the ball park

Hope this helps

regards
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Intern
Joined: 19 Jun 2010
Posts: 48
Re: Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2015, 12:41
thanks a lot, and will read the rules for posting, apologies for not writing down the title with the question.

Can you please explain why B is incorrect? We are looking for an answer that does not affect the argument, in b) if all vaccines cost the same, then cost could not be a reason to choose one vs the other. Am I reading b correctly? or what is wrong with b?

b)The new vaccine that has shown the lowest incidence of severe skin reactions as a side effect costs approximately the same per dose as the other new vaccines.

carcass wrote:
Hi

First of all. please, read the rules for posting in verbal section inasmuch the title of the post must be the first phrase of the question, itself

Back to your question: you need to find an answer that not weaken or strengthen the stimulus.i.e. a choice that DOES NOT show some relation to the side effects.

Only d shows this: how is cured the diarrhea does not affect the argument at stake. SO D is the correct answer.

Side note: this kind of question EXCEPT could be really confusing due to the nature that you must find an answer out of scope whereas in general the out of scope answers are the first you eliminate from the ball park

Hope this helps

regards
Intern
Joined: 22 Sep 2014
Posts: 33
Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2015, 13:55
oloman wrote:
Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may help eliminate malaria, a disease that is believed to kill more than 2 million people worldwide each year. All of these vaccines, however, can sometimes produce acute, albeit short-lived and rarely fatal, side effects, the most unpleasant of which are intense diarrhea and severe skin reactions. Countries with the highest incidence of malaria should begin implementing as soon as possible a vaccination program using the vaccine that has shown the lowest incidence of severe skin reactions as a side effect.

Each of the following, if true, gives support to the recommendation above, EXCEPT:

a)The severe skin reactions caused by the new vaccines are rated as slightly more unpleasant by those who have experienced them as compared to the intense diarrhea.
b)The new vaccine that has shown the lowest incidence of severe skin reactions as a side effect costs approximately the same per dose as the other new vaccines.
c)The diarrhea that is a side effect of these vaccines is no more life threatening than the skin reactions that are a side effect of these vaccines.
d)In treating patients with intense diarrhea as a side effect of one these vaccines, it is sometimes necessary to resort to I.V. hydration.
d)All of the recently developed new vaccines have shown the same incidence of intense diarrhea as a side effect.

best
Oloman

Hi,
We have to check the options that do not support the argument main point / conclusion.
The argument talks about vaccine and argues that country should start implementing the vaccine that shows lowest incidence of sever skin reactions as a side effect. Hence we have to choose an option that does not support above written line.

Option B supports the claim that country should start implementing the vaccine that shows lowest incidence of sever skin reactions. If all the new vaccines costs the same cost per does then why the country will not choose the vaccine that fight for sever skin reactions, which has the most unpleasant side effects. Hence its supporting the claim and could not be the answer.
Option C states diarrhea has no more life threatening than the skin reactions. And par the argument, it shows there are two most unpleasant side effects 1) diarrhea 2) severe skin reactions. And diarrhea is not much life threatening than the skin reactions then why not the country will start implementing the vaccine that reduces the severe skin reactions. Hence its supporting the argument. Thus, this option can not be the answer.

Hoped this helped you...

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Vikash Alex
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Joined: 04 Feb 2017
Posts: 51
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V34
Re: Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2017, 14:59
2
I am not getting..

I find B , C and D all three not supporting a statement. Can anyone please explain.

If answer choice doesn't impact the conclusion, will it count as a contender for correct answer choice?
Re: Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2017, 14:59
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# Several inexpensive new vaccines have recently been developed that may

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