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Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table

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Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2018, 08:19
1
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A
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Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

74% (01:25) correct 26% (01:30) wrong based on 248 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 45: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table, the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(A) the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(B) inventing anesthesia was as essential for the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was for powered flight.

(C) the invention of anesthesia was as essential in the development of surgery much as the invention of the propeller had been for powered flight.

(D) the invention of anesthesia was as essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(E) the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery, so was the invention of the propeller essential to powered flight.

The best/excellent answers get kudos. There can be no best answer, or a few excellent answers!

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Re: Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2018, 08:39
sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 45: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table, the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(A) the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(B) inventing anesthesia was as essential for the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was for powered flight.

(C) the invention of anesthesia was as essential in the development of surgery much as the invention of the propeller had been for powered flight.

(D) the invention of anesthesia was as essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(E) the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery, so was the invention of the propeller essential to powered flight.

The best/excellent answers get kudos. There can be no best answer, or a few excellent answers!


A comparison is being presented here between Anesthesia and Propellor.

Correct Idiomatic usage: As x as Y, hence Answer must be (D)

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Re: Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2018, 11:30
Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table, the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(A) the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(B) inventing anesthesia was as essential for the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was for powered flight.

(C) the invention of anesthesia was as essential in the development of surgery much as the invention of the propeller had been for powered flight.

(D) the invention of anesthesia was as essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight. (Correct)

(E) the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery, so was the invention of the propeller essential to powered flight.


Will go with choice D
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Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2018, 15:12
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sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 45: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table, the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(A) the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(B) inventing anesthesia was as essential for the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was for powered flight.

(C) the invention of anesthesia was as essential in the development of surgery much as the invention of the propeller had been for powered flight.

(D) the invention of anesthesia was as essential to the development of surgery as the invention of the propeller was to powered flight.

(E) the invention of anesthesia was essential to the development of surgery, so was the invention of the propeller essential to powered flight.

The best/excellent answers get kudos. There can be no best answer, or a few excellent answers!


The correct idiom is "As X as Y".
In option A, "as" is missing in "...the invention of anesthesia was essential..." -> ELIMINATED
In option B, "inventing" (verb) in "inventing anesthesia was as essential..." is not parallel with "invention" (noun) in "....invention of the propeller was for powered flight."-> ELIMINATED
In option C, "as X much as Y" construction is neither parallel nor logical.-> ELIMINATED
Option E is also unidiomatic."so was" is incorrectly used for comparison here.-> ELIMINATED
Option D is correct as it uses the as X as Y construction correctly and conveys the meaning clearly : invention of anesthesia was just as essential as invention of propeller. ->Correct choice
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Re: Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2018, 07:53
Official Explanation :

In choice A, “as” is missing after was in “invention… was (as) essential to the development as the invention was to powered flight” therefore, it is not idiomatic.

Choice B is not parallel because first inventing as a verb is used and then as a noun (invention)-“…inventing… as essential for the development… as the invention…

In choice C, “…as X much as Y…” structure in “invention…as essential the development in …much as…” is not idiomatic.

In choice D, “…as X to Y..as P to Q…” structure is idiomatic and parallel. Hence, D is the best choice.

Choice E is wordy and unidiomatic (so was).
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Re: Since conscious patients often died of shock on the operating table   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2018, 07:53
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