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Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effo

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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effo  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 18:15
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adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma

Quote:
Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.


Had this been a bold face question: I understood the main conclusion of the argument is:
A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied.

What is the strategy:
Strategy used by some anthropologists to study modern-day societies of foragers ; the study in turn shall help them learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers.

I would like to know the context of the last sentence in the relationship to main conclusion.

The last sentence is an example of how that strategy could be flawed. It implies that modern forager societies (those with which anthropologists are familiar) have been influenced and affected by modern NON-forager societies. This implies that modern forager societies have adopted characteristics from the non-forager societies. So if we are studying a modern forager society, the data might be skewed by the influence from modern non-forager societies.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effo  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2019, 02:52
[quote="Bhai"]Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologists' strategy?


(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.

(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.

(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.

(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.


Done by poe --
so what is my argument-- forages societes are extremely varied
so we have to weaken the argument

A.) sounds convincing so hold on
B.) i dont care about their lifestyles but it kinda strenghtens the argument-- so gone
C.) Irrelevant/Out of scope -- who cares about their studies-- in passage it clearly talks about their stratergy not study
D.) Contradicting the fact of the passage-- in weakening question we have to attack the evidence but not to contradict the evidence
E.) tbh by reading first two words i understood that this answer is out of scope because of modern day forages(not even mentioned in the passage) and why do we need to consider the important differences

so automatically the winner is option A
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effo  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 04:10
GMATNinja wrote:
The conclusion is that the strategy of studying modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors has a flaw -- and the flaw is that forager societies are extremely varied. Why is this a flaw?

  • If some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in order to learn about ancient foragers, this implies that those anthropologists believe that what is true of modern-day foragers is generally true of ancient foragers.
  • But what if forager societies are extremely varied? This might suggest that even if two groups are both forager societies, those groups might not actually share common characteristics.
  • This, in turn, calls into question the anthropologists' belief that what is true of one group of foragers is generally true of another group of foragers.

Quote:
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

Choice (A) reassures us that, even if forager societies are extremely varied, they are still likely to share a number of important features. This suggests that we can learn about ancient foragers by studying modern foragers, even if those two groups have many differences. Thus, the flaw presented in the conclusion is not actually a flaw, and the criticism is not valid. Keep choice (A).

Quote:
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.

We are trying to determine whether studying modern-day societies of foragers to learn about our ancient forager ancestors is a flawed strategy. The fact given in choice (B) neither supports nor weakens the author's argument. Thus, choice (B) can be eliminated.

Quote:
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.

Again, we are trying to determine if the author's criticism is valid. The fact that all anthropologists study modern-day societies has no impact on the author's argument, so choice (C) should be eliminated.

Quote:
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.

The argument criticizes the strategy employed by some anthropologists. It makes no difference how many anthropologists use that strategy. Choice (D) does not weaken the criticism.

Quote:
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.

The argument is that modern-day forager societies and ancient forager societies are so different that anthropologists cannot learn about one by studying the other. This statement strengthens that criticism by stressing that modern-day forager societies--even those that have not had significant contact with modern societies--are importantly different from ancient forager societies.

So (E) is out, and (A) is the correct answer.





HI GMATNinja

In Option D, is the option incorrect because it goes against the information in the premise or because it uses the word "many"?
If we were to replace the word many with all, will option D be a strong contender?

IMO, it does go against the premise. The argument states that modern-day societies of foragers are studied by some in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors.
If all (If we were to replace many with ALL) anthropologists do not draw inferences about the ancient societies, they can't learn about the ancient ancestors.

Looking forward to reply.

Regards
Nitesh
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effo   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2019, 04:10

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