GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Sep 2018, 18:35

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Some heartburn-medication advertisements imply that unrelieved

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 07 Dec 2017
Posts: 278
Some heartburn-medication advertisements imply that unrelieved  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2018, 00:26
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

39% (01:47) correct 61% (01:44) wrong based on 112 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Some heartburn-medication advertisements imply that unrelieved heartburn is likely to cause esophageal cancer. This is simply false. The fact is that only about 5 percent of people with severe heartburn have a condition called Barrett's esophagus, in which cells similar to those in the stomach's lining develop in the lower esophagus. Only these people have an increased risk of developing cancer because of heartburn.

"Which one of the following most accurately expresses the overall conclusion drawn in the argument?"

(A) Only those people with Barrett's esophagus can suffer an increased risk of developing cancer from heartburn."

(B) An increase in the risk of esophageal cancer arises from cells similar to those in the stomach's lining developing in the lower esophagus."

(C) Unrelieved heartburn is not likely to cause esophageal cancer."

(D) Some heartburn-medication advertisements imply that unrelieved heartburn is likely to cause esophageal cancer."

(E) The dangers touted by heartburn-medication advertisements will affect relatively few of the people who see those advertisements."

LSAT 70
Most Helpful Community Reply
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 07 Dec 2017
Posts: 278
Re: Some heartburn-medication advertisements imply that unrelieved  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2018, 00:30
1
QUESTION TYPE: Identify The Conclusion

CONCLUSION: It’s false to think that unrelieved heartburn will probably cause esophageal cancer.

REASONING: Only those with Barrett’s esophagus have a higher risk of cancer due to heartburn. Only 5% of those who get heartburn have Barrett’s esophagus.

ANALYSIS: Any time an author gives their opinion about the truth, it’s almost certainly the conclusion.

So when the author says “this is simply false” it means that their conclusion is that they disagree with the first sentence.

This is a good argument, by the way. You might have thought that the author admitted that heartburn can cause cancer. The author did admit this. But their conclusion is that heartburn isn’t likely to cause cancer. “Likely” means “51% of the time or more” – it’s a synonym for most. So 5% of the time isn’t enough to make cancer risk “likely”.

___________

A.This is evidence that supports the conclusion that cancer risk isn’t likely.

B.This is evidence that supports the idea that those with Barrett’s esophagus do have an increased risk of cancer.

C. CORRECT.The first sentence made the claim that heartburn is likely to cause cancer. The second sentence shows that the author disagrees. When the author presents a claim and disagrees with it, that will be their conclusion.

D. This is just a fact that allows the author to make his argument. If advertisements weren’t making this claim, the author would have nothing to talk about. But the conclusion is that the author disagrees with these commercials.

E. This isn’t even true, necessarily. It’s possible that TV advertisements are so targeted that the ads are mostly seen by those with Barrett’s esophagus. So the ads would be relevant to the viewers. This targeting would be possible with ads on Hulu for example – your web browser knows a lot about you.

Src: LSATHACKS
General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 15 Apr 2017
Posts: 13
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Entrepreneurship
Schools: XLRI"20
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.53
Re: Some heartburn-medication advertisements imply that unrelieved  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2018, 22:59
Answer choice (A): This statement was a premise offered in support of the conclusion.

Answer choice (B): While this causal statement makes sense in the context of the stimulus, the stimulus did not include a causal statement. Rather than causality, the stimulus presented a conditional relationship, in which only the people who have cells similar to those in the stomach’s lining developing in their lower esophagus have an increased risk of developing cancer because of heartburn.

Answer choice (C): This is the correct answer choice. While the information in this answer choice is worded from a negative perspective, such that “unrelieved heartburn is not likely to cause esophageal cancer,” it is a restatement of the conclusion, that it is false to imply that unrelieved heartburn is likely to cause esophageal cancer.

Answer choice (D): This statement was a claim presented by the argument to introduce the topic and concerning which the author disagreed.

Answer choice (E): While being close to a statement presented in the stimulus, that “only 5 percent of people with severe heartburn have a condition called Barrett’s esophagus,” it is not identical to that statement. The difference between the statements is that the information in this answer choice refers to a small percentage of the people who see the advertisement, as opposed to a small percentage of people with severe heartburn.
Re: Some heartburn-medication advertisements imply that unrelieved &nbs [#permalink] 10 Sep 2018, 22:59
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Some heartburn-medication advertisements imply that unrelieved

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.