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# Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor

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Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898
Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2009, 07:04
2
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85% (02:42) correct 15% (01:21) wrong based on 301

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Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in temporary employment that occurred in the United States during the 1980s to increased participation in the workforce by certain groups, such as first-time or reentering workers, who supposedly prefer such arrangements. However, statistical analyses reveal that demographic changes in the workforce did not correlate with variations in the total number of temporary workers. Instead, these analyses suggest that factors affecting employers account for the rise in temporary employment. One factor is product demand: temporary employment is favored by employers who are adapting to fluctuating demand for products while at the same time seeking to reduce overall labor costs. Another factor is labor’s reduced bargaining strength, which allows employers more control over the terms of employment. Given the analyses, which reveal that growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the level explainable by recent workforce entry rates of groups said to prefer temporary jobs, firms should be discouraged from creating excessive numbers of temporary positions. Government policymakers should consider mandating benefit coverage for temporary employees, promoting pay equity between temporary and permanent workers, assisting labor unions in organizing temporary workers, and encouraging firms to assign temporary jobs primarily to employees who explicitly indicate that preference.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) present the results of statistical analyses and propose further studies
(B) explain a recent development and predict its eventual consequences
(C) identify the reasons for a trend and recommend measures to address it
(D) outline several theories about a phenomenon and advocate one of them
(E) describe the potential consequences of implementing a new policy and argue in favor of that policy

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

2. According to the passage, which of the following is true of the “factors affecting employers” that are mentioned in lines 10–19?
(A) Most experts cite them as having initiated the growth in temporary employment that occurred during the 1980s.
(B) They may account for the increase in the total number of temporary workers during the 1980s.
(C) They were less important than demographic change in accounting for the increase of temporary employment during the 1980s.
(D) They included a sharp increase in the cost of labor during the 1980s.
(E) They are more difficult to account for than are other factors involved in the growth of temporary employment during the 1980s.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

3. The passage suggests which of the following about the use of temporary employment by firms during the 1980s?
(A) It enabled firms to deal with fluctuating product demand far more efficiently than they did before the 1980s.
(B) It increased as a result of increased participation in the workforce by certain demographic groups.
(C) It was discouraged by government-mandated policies.
(D) It was a response to preferences indicated by certain employees for more flexible working arrangements.
(E) It increased partly as a result of workers’ reduced ability to control the terms of their employment.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

4. The passage suggests which of the following about the workers who took temporary jobs during the 1980s?
(A) Their jobs frequently led to permanent positions within firms.
(B) They constituted a less demographically diverse group than has been suggested.
(C) They were occasionally involved in actions organized by labor unions.
(D) Their pay declined during the decade in comparison with the pay of permanent employees.
(E) They did not necessarily prefer temporary employment to permanent employment.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

5. The first sentence in the passage suggests that the “observers” mentioned in line 1 would be most likely to predict which of the following?
(A) That the number of new temporary positions would decline as fewer workers who preferred temporary employment entered the workforce
(B) That the total number of temporary positions would increase as fewer workers were able to find permanent positions
(C) That employers would have less control over the terms of workers’ employment as workers increased their bargaining strength
(D) That more workers would be hired for temporary positions as product demand increased
(E) That the number of workers taking temporary positions would increase as more workers in any given demographic group entered the workforce

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

6. In the context of the passage, the word “excessive” (line 23) most closely corresponds to which of the following phrases?
(A) Far more than can be justified by worker preferences
(B) Far more than can be explained by fluctuations in product demand
(C) Far more than can be beneficial to the success of the firms themselves
(D) Far more than can be accounted for by an expanding national economy
(E) Far more than can be attributed to increases in the total number of people in the workforce

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

7. The passage mentions each of the following as an appropriate kind of governmental action EXCEPT
(A) getting firms to offer temporary employment primarily to a certain group of people
(B) encouraging equitable pay for temporary and permanent employees
(C) facilitating the organization of temporary workers by labor unions
(D) establishing guidelines on the proportion of temporary workers that firms should employ
(E) ensuring that temporary workers obtain benefits from their employers

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

[Reveal] Spoiler:
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Last edited by nitya34 on 28 Nov 2009, 20:23, edited 2 times in total.
Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2009
Posts: 118
Location: USA
Schools: IU KSB
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2009, 09:00
50. C
51. B
52. E
53. B
54. D
55. A
56. D

Time: 13:43
Senior Manager
Affiliations: PMP
Joined: 13 Oct 2009
Posts: 300
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2009, 20:01
15 mins

50 C
51 D
52 A
53 E
54 A
55 A
56 D
_________________

Thanks, Sri
-------------------------------
keep uppp...ing the tempo...

Press +1 Kudos, if you think my post gave u a tiny tip

Intern
Joined: 18 Nov 2009
Posts: 12
Location: Bangalore,India
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2009, 21:20
i somehow felt i have seen this passage before,nevertheless , i could not remember anything My take is

50. A
51. B
52. A
53. E
54. A
55. A
56. D
Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2009
Posts: 152
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 00:27
My set is:
1.C
2.B
3.E
4.E
5.A
6.A
7.D
Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 01:46
was feeling sleepy
completed in 16+ mins
CACBECA
will post the OA along with another fresh passage
_________________

http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-polygons-87336.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/competition-for-the-best-gmat-error-log-template-86232.html

Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2009
Posts: 152
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 04:26
nitya34 wrote:
was feeling sleepy
completed in 16+ mins
CACBECA
will post the OA along with another fresh passage

Oh! Nitya, your answers very differ from those of others. Did you attack the right passage?
Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 08:32

OAs are
50. C
51. B
52. E
53. E
54. A
55. A
56. D

bsv180985 wrote:
nitya34 wrote:
was feeling sleepy
completed in 16+ mins
CACBECA
will post the OA along with another fresh passage

Oh! Nitya, your answers very differ from those of others. Did you attack the right passage?

_________________

http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-polygons-87336.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/competition-for-the-best-gmat-error-log-template-86232.html

Senior Manager
Affiliations: PMP
Joined: 13 Oct 2009
Posts: 300
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 21:21
bsv180985 wrote:
My set is:
1.C
2.B
3.E
4.E
5.A
6.A
7.D

7/7 ... whats the secret of your RC dude?
_________________

Thanks, Sri
-------------------------------
keep uppp...ing the tempo...

Press +1 Kudos, if you think my post gave u a tiny tip

Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2009, 22:23
yes bsv.pls share the secret sauce and more
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Manager
Joined: 30 Aug 2009
Posts: 64
Location: LA
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 17:19
Here is my take:
C
D
C
D
D
B
A
Time: 14:00 (yeah minutes)

I got 5 wrong and 2 correct.

_________________

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Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 20:27
yes I will continue to post the best GMAT-Type passages
My accuracy level has also gone down

sharkk wrote:
Here is my take:
C
D
C
D
D
B
A
Time: 14:00 (yeah minutes)

I got 5 wrong and 2 correct.

_________________

http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-polygons-87336.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/competition-for-the-best-gmat-error-log-template-86232.html

Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2010
Posts: 71
Location: India
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2010, 04:00
nitya34 wrote:
yes I will continue to post the best GMAT-Type passages
My accuracy level has also gone down

sharkk wrote:
Here is my take:
C
D
C
D
D
B
A
Time: 14:00 (yeah minutes)

I got 5 wrong and 2 correct.

Can someone explain Q56 to me?

Many thanks!
_________________

Manager
Joined: 13 Apr 2010
Posts: 166
Location: singapore
Re: Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2010, 07:11
11.42 mins
c
b
b
e
e
a
d

2 of my ans were wrong
_________________

Regards,
Nagesh
My GMAT Study Plan: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-gmat-study-plan-112833.html
Idioms List : http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-idioms-104283.html?hilit=idioms#p813231
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Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 142
Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in tempor [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2011, 04:52
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth
in temporary employment that occurred in the United
states during the 1980’s to increased participation in
the workforce by certain groups, such as first-time or
(5) reentering workers, who supposedly prefer such arrange-
ments. However, statistical analyses reveal that demo-
graphic changes in the workforce did not correlate with
variations in the total number of temporary workers.
Instead, these analyses suggest that factors affecting.
(10) employers account for the rise in temporary employ-
ment. One factor is product demand: temporary
employment is favored by employers who are adapting
to fluctuating demand for products while at the same
time seeking to reduce overall labor costs. Another
(15) factor is labor’s reduced bargaining strength, which
allows employers more control over the terms of
employment. Given the analyses, which reveal that
growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the
level explainable by recent workforce entry rates of
(20) groups said to prefer temporary jobs, firms should be
discouraged from creating excessive numbers of tem-
porary positions. Government policymakers should
consider mandating benefit coverage for temporary
employees, promoting pay equity between temporary
(25) and permanent workers, assisting labor unions in orga-
nizing temporary workers, and encouraging firms to
assign temporary jobs primarily to employees who
explicitly indicate that preference.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) present the results of statistical analyses and propose
further studies.
(B) explain a recent development and predict its
eventual consequences.
(C) identify the reasons for a trend and recommend
(D) outline several theories about a phenomenon and
(E) describe the potential consequences of implementing
a new policy and argue in favor of that policy.
2. According to the passage, which of the following is true
of the “factors affecting employers” that are mentioned
in lines
9-10?
(A) Most experts cite them as having initiated the
growth in temporary employment that occurred
during the 1980’s.
(B) They may account for the increase in the total
number of temporary workers during the 1980’s.
(C) They were less important than demographic change
in accounting for the increase of temporary
employment during the 1980’s.
(D) They included a sharp increase in the cost of labor
during the 1980’s.
(E) They are more difficult to account for than at other
factors involved in the growth of temporary
employment during the 1980’s.

3. The passage suggests which of the following about the
use of temporary employment by firms during the
1980’s?
(A) It enabled firms to deal with fluctuating product
demand far more efficiently than they before the
1980’s.
(B) It increased as a result of increased participation in
the workforce by certain demograp groups.
(C) It was discouraged by government-mandated
policies.
(D) It was a response to preferences indicated by certain
employees for more flexible working arrangements.
(E) It increased partly as a result of workers’ reduced
ability to control the terms of their employment.

4. The passage suggests which of the following about the
workers who took temporary jobs during the 1980’s?
(A) Their jobs frequently led to permanent positions
within firms.
(B) They constituted a less demographically diverse
group than has been suggested.
(C) They were occasionally involved in actions
organized by labor unions.
(D) Their pay declined during the decade in comparison
with the pay of permanent employees.
(E) They did not necessarily prefer temporary
employment to permanent employment.

5. The first sentence in the passage suggests that the
observers mentioned in line 1 would be most likely to
predict which of the following?
(A) That the number of new temporary positions would
decline as fewer workers who preferred temporary
employment entered the workforce.
(B) That the total number of temporary positions would
increase as fewer workers were able to find
permanent positions
(C) That employers would have less control over the
terms of workers’ employment as workers
increased their bargaining strength.
(D) That more workers would be hired for temporary
positions as product demand increased.
(E) That the number of workers taking temporary
positions would increase as more workers in any
given demographic group entered the workforce.

6. In the context of the passage, the word “excessive” (line
21) most closely corresponds to which of the
following phrases?
(A) Far more than can be justified by worker
preferences
(B) Far more than can be explained by fluctuations in
product demand.
(C) Far more than can be beneficial to the success of the
firms themselves.
(D) Far more than can be accounted for by an expanding
national economy.
(E) Far more than can be attributed to increases in the
total number of people in the workforce.

7. The passage mentions each of the following as an
appropriate kind of governmental action EXCEPT
(A) getting firms to offer temporary employment
primarily to a certain group of people.
(B) encouraging equitable pay for temporary and
permanent employees
(C) facilitating the organization of temporary workers by
labor unions.
(D) establishing guidelines on the proportion of
temporary workers that firms should employ
(E) ensuring that temporary workers obtain benefits
from their employers.

Manager
Status: Target MBA
Joined: 20 Jul 2010
Posts: 200
Location: Singapore

### Show Tags

25 Sep 2011, 04:57
1
KUDOS
OptimusPrimea1 wrote:
Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth
in temporary employment that occurred in the United
states during the 1980’s to increased participation in
the workforce by certain groups, such as first-time or
(5) reentering workers, who supposedly prefer such arrange-
ments. However, statistical analyses reveal that demo-
graphic changes in the workforce did not correlate with
variations in the total number of temporary workers.
Instead, these analyses suggest that factors affecting.
(10) employers account for the rise in temporary employ-
ment. One factor is product demand: temporary
employment is favored by employers who are adapting
to fluctuating demand for products while at the same
time seeking to reduce overall labor costs. Another
(15) factor is labor’s reduced bargaining strength, which
allows employers more control over the terms of
employment. Given the analyses, which reveal that
growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the
level explainable by recent workforce entry rates of
(20) groups said to prefer temporary jobs, firms should be
discouraged from creating excessive numbers of tem-
porary positions. Government policymakers should
consider mandating benefit coverage for temporary
employees, promoting pay equity between temporary
(25) and permanent workers, assisting labor unions in orga-
nizing temporary workers, and encouraging firms to
assign temporary jobs primarily to employees who
explicitly indicate that preference.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) present the results of statistical analyses and propose
further studies.
(B) explain a recent development and predict its
eventual consequences.
(C) identify the reasons for a trend and recommend
(D) outline several theories about a phenomenon and
(E) describe the potential consequences of implementing
a new policy and argue in favor of that policy.
2. According to the passage, which of the following is true
of the “factors affecting employers” that are mentioned
in lines
9-10?
(A) Most experts cite them as having initiated the
growth in temporary employment that occurred
during the 1980’s.
(B) They may account for the increase in the total
number of temporary workers during the 1980’s.
(C) They were less important than demographic change
in accounting for the increase of temporary
employment during the 1980’s.
(D) They included a sharp increase in the cost of labor
during the 1980’s.
(E) They are more difficult to account for than at other
factors involved in the growth of temporary
employment during the 1980’s.

3. The passage suggests which of the following about the
use of temporary employment by firms during the
1980’s?
(A) It enabled firms to deal with fluctuating product
demand far more efficiently than they before the
1980’s.
(B) It increased as a result of increased participation in
the workforce by certain demograp groups.
(C) It was discouraged by government-mandated
policies.
(D) It was a response to preferences indicated by certain
employees for more flexible working arrangements.
(E) It increased partly as a result of workers’ reduced
ability to control the terms of their employment.

4. The passage suggests which of the following about the
workers who took temporary jobs during the 1980’s?
(A) Their jobs frequently led to permanent positions
within firms.
(B) They constituted a less demographically diverse
group than has been suggested.
(C) They were occasionally involved in actions
organized by labor unions.
(D) Their pay declined during the decade in comparison
with the pay of permanent employees.
(E) They did not necessarily prefer temporary
employment to permanent employment.

5. The first sentence in the passage suggests that the
observers mentioned in line 1 would be most likely to
predict which of the following?
(A) That the number of new temporary positions would
decline as fewer workers who preferred temporary
employment entered the workforce.
(B) That the total number of temporary positions would
increase as fewer workers were able to find
permanent positions
(C) That employers would have less control over the
terms of workers’ employment as workers
increased their bargaining strength.
(D) That more workers would be hired for temporary
positions as product demand increased.
(E) That the number of workers taking temporary
positions would increase as more workers in any
given demographic group entered the workforce.

6. In the context of the passage, the word “excessive” (line
21) most closely corresponds to which of the
following phrases?
(A) Far more than can be justified by worker
preferences
(B) Far more than can be explained by fluctuations in
product demand.
(C) Far more than can be beneficial to the success of the
firms themselves.
(D) Far more than can be accounted for by an expanding
national economy.
(E) Far more than can be attributed to increases in the
total number of people in the workforce.

7. The passage mentions each of the following as an
appropriate kind of governmental action EXCEPT
(A) getting firms to offer temporary employment
primarily to a certain group of people.
(B) encouraging equitable pay for temporary and
permanent employees
(C) facilitating the organization of temporary workers by
labor unions.
(D) establishing guidelines on the proportion of
temporary workers that firms should employ
(E) ensuring that temporary workers obtain benefits
from their employers.

1 - C
Main point question
Main point is - Author first discusses a trend and reasons of temporary employment and finally suggests some measures to control temporary employment.

2 - B
Specific question
In line no 10-12 "suggest that factors affecting employers account for the rise in temporary employment."

3 - E
Inference question
In line no 16 - "labor’s reduced bargaining strength"

4 - E
Inference question
Line no 17 - "Given the analyses, which reveal that growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the level explainable by recent workforce entry rates of groups said to prefer temporary jobs, firms should be discouraged from creating excessive numbers of temporary positions"

5 - A
Inference question
"Some analysts believed that worker chose temporary jobs voluntarily"
Hence if there are less temporary workers would decline if the workers are unwilling to work.

6 -A
Specific question
Line no. 17 - "Given the analyses, which reveal that growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the level explainable by recent workforce <b>entry rates of groups said to prefer temporary jobs</b>, firms should be discouraged from creating excessive numbers of temporary positions."

7 - D
Specific question
Clearly D is not stated in the last sentence of the passage.
_________________

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GM.

Intern
Joined: 11 Nov 2009
Posts: 27

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25 Sep 2011, 09:51
1-c
2-A
3-E
4-E
5-A
6-A
7-E.................
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Nov 2009
Posts: 305

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2011, 22:18
My ans:
C
B
D
E
A
B
A
Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 142

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27 Sep 2011, 00:04
OA is CBEEEAA
Director
Status: Prep started for the n-th time
Joined: 29 Aug 2010
Posts: 684

### Show Tags

23 Nov 2011, 19:01
1
KUDOS
OptimusPrimea1 wrote:
OA is CBEEEAA

The OA's specified here are incorrect. This is an Official guide 12 passage ( Q 50-56). The correct answers are

Crick
Re: Temporary employment-Tough RC   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2011, 19:01

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