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Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in

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Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in the fire last year had been built by the community’s earliest settlers.

(A) Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in the fire last year had been
(B) Some of the homes that were destroyed or structurally compromised in the fire last year had been
(C) Some of the homes that the fire destroyed and structurally compromised last year have been
(D) Last year the fire destroyed or structurally compromised some of the homes that have been
(E) Last year some of the homes that were destroyed or structurally compromised in the fire had been

This question was modified from The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review [LINK]
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 05 Jun 2017, 20:37, edited 2 times in total.
Underlined Relevant Part of the sentence

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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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The OA is B in the official topic. In the given topic also, the answer is B.
1. Logically, a catastrophe can either destroy a house or heavily compromise the structure. It can't do both. Hence, the conjunction "and" turns inappropriate. That is the reason choices A and C are out.
2. Use of 'have been' for the construction that happened much before the fire and its impact is untenable. Hence, D is out
3. The fire occurred last year. Hence, fire and last year should go hand-in-hand. E is wrong for that misplaced word order.
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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2017, 05:09
Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in the fire last year had been built by the community’s earliest settlers.

(A) Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in the fire last year had been
(B) Some of the homes that were destroyed or structurally compromised in the fire last year had been correct
(C) Some of the homes that the fire destroyed and structurally compromised last year have been
(D) Last year the fire destroyed or structurally compromised some of the homes that have been
(E) Last year some of the homes that were destroyed or structurally compromised in the fire had been. starting the sentence with "last year" changes the intended meaning of the sentence.

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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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Similar OG question to practice will be -

https://gmatclub.com/forum/some-buildin ... fl=similar
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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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ziyuenlau wrote:
Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in the fire last year had been built by the community’s earliest settlers.

(A) Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in the fire last year had been
(B) Some of the homes that were destroyed or structurally compromised in the fire last year had been
(C) Some of the homes that the fire destroyed and structurally compromised last year have been
(D) Last year the fire destroyed or structurally compromised some of the homes that have been
(E) Last year some of the homes that were destroyed or structurally compromised in the fire had been


Official solution from Veritas Prep.

In this problem, notice the function of the phrase “Last year” to set up a time line. It is illogical that, all in the last year, the earliest settlers to the community built houses and those houses were subsequently destroyed in a fire. Answer choices D and E, just by leading with that entire-sentence modifier “Last year,” begin to fail the logical time line test. And answer choices C and D both use the ongoing tense “have been,” putting the building of the homes (by early settlers, nonetheless) after the fire that burned them down! That time line is even more nonsensical. Only answer choices A and B construct a logical time line using the phrasing:

The homes were ruined in the fire and the homes had been built by early settlers.

So what’s the difference? Verb tense conveys meaning but so do conjunctions (more to come on this in the Sentence Construction section!). Does it make sense to say that a home can be both destroyed and structurally compromised? If it is destroyed, then it is necessarily compromised, so the conjunction must be “or.” The correct answer choice is B.
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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 18:12
This Almost sounds like a jump in logic, changing the conjunction to or, doesn't that change the entire meaning of the sentence? Why is it completely illogical to think that a fire can both destroy and undermine the structure of the building?

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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 22:48
Mco100 wrote:
This Almost sounds like a jump in logic, changing the conjunction to or, doesn't that change the entire meaning of the sentence? Why is it completely illogical to think that a fire can both destroy and undermine the structure of the building?
This question is based on this official question. In the destroyed/damaged question, the GMAT wants you to take a meaning call (by the way, this is not the only question in which they've tested the and/or split). They're referring to two types of buildings: (a) the ones that were destroyed and (b) the ones that were damaged (but not destroyed). They're not referring to a sequence of events with something like the buildings that were damaged and (later) destroyed, so it's very hard to argue that a building can be both destroyed and damaged.
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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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hazelnut wrote:
Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in the fire last year had been built by the community’s earliest settlers.

(A) Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in the fire last year had been
(B) Some of the homes that were destroyed or structurally compromised in the fire last year had been
(C) Some of the homes that the fire destroyed and structurally compromised last year have been
(D) Last year the fire destroyed or structurally compromised some of the homes that have been
(E) Last year some of the homes that were destroyed or structurally compromised in the fire had been

This question was modified from The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review [LINK]


This was a tricky one for me, I chose A instead of B because I didn't pay enough attention to the meaning of the sentence :oops:
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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 19:38
Mco100 wrote:
This Almost sounds like a jump in logic, changing the conjunction to or, doesn't that change the entire meaning of the sentence? Why is it completely illogical to think that a fire can both destroy and undermine the structure of the building?

Posted from my mobile device


In this option, the conjunction OR changes the meaning.
Let's take a simple example - Which of option is incorrect?
X AND Y would come.
X OR Y would come.


Grammatically, both options are correct. But either option may become incorrect depending upon the intent of the author.
X AND Y would come. - This would be incorrect, if the author wants EITHER ONE to come.
X OR Y would come. - This would be incorrect, if the author wants BOTH to come.

Hope the explanation is helpful.
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Re: Some of the homes that were destroyed and structurally compromised in   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2017, 19:38
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