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# Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bar

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Senior RC Moderator
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
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Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bar  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2019, 06:01
1
4
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (01:52) correct 59% (01:49) wrong based on 144 sessions

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Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bargaining with the new dictator, others by proposing imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others by demanding that NATO launch a full-scale invasion.

A. by proposing imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others by demanding

B. by proposing the imposition of stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others demand

C. propose imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others are demanding

D. are proposing the stiff imposition of economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others are demanding

E. propose the stiff imposition of economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others demand

Kudos for best explanation, after answer is published

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Senior RC Moderator
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Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bar  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2019, 03:00
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Archit3110 nkhl.goyal

Official Explanation

Here’s a great sample question about parallelism. The non-underlined portion establishes the form that the rest of the sentence must take:

(1) the sentence is in the present tense (officials hope to end), and (2) by bargaining indicates that we’re going to use -ing words. The key is recognizing that propose needs to agree with hope, not bargaining. Therefore, A and B have to go. C is not parallel because propose doesn’t match are demanding. The words are proposing and are demanding are parallel in D, but neither is parallel with the original verb, hope. E is parallel, and the three verbs—hope, propose, and demand—are all in the same form.

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Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bar  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2019, 06:13
Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bargaining with the new dictator, others by proposing imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others by demanding that NATO launch a full-scale invasion.

A. by proposing imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others by demanding

B. by proposing the imposition of stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others demand

C. propose imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others are demanding

D. are proposing the stiff imposition of economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others are demanding

E. propose the stiff imposition of economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others demand

Kudos for best explanation, after answer is published

IMO A
'by' is parallel in option A...
by bargaining...by proposing.... by demanding
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Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bar  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2019, 01:51
Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bargaining with the new dictator, others by proposing imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others by demanding that NATO launch a full-scale invasion.

A. by proposing imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others by demanding

B. by proposing the imposition of stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others demand

C. propose imposing stiff economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others are demanding

D. are proposing the stiff imposition of economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others are demanding

E. propose the stiff imposition of economic sanctions on the country’s exports, and still others demand

Kudos for best explanation, after answer is published

Solution please? Stuck between C and E. Can I say that we preferred E because we are using "imposition" rather than imposing. (usage of conventional noun rather than ing form)
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Joined: 21 Apr 2018
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Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bar  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2019, 23:50
I was stuck in between C and E. I choose C because I thought E changes the intended meaning of the original sentence.
If I am not wrong - Imposing stiff economic sanctions (OPTION C) is different from stiff imposition of sanctions (OPTION E) and the former was the one intended in the given sentence. It would be nice if someone can explain this.
Some State Department officials hope to end the border skirmish by bar   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2019, 23:50
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