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Source : GMAT paper test 48 All-terrain vehicles have

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VP
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
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Source : GMAT paper test 48 All-terrain vehicles have [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2008, 11:59
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Source : GMAT paper test 48

All-terrain vehicles have allowed vacationers to reach many previously inaccessible areas, but they have also been blamed for causing hundreds of deaths, injury to thousands, and seriously damaging the nation’s recreational areas.

(A) deaths, injury to thousands, and seriously damaging
(B) deaths and injuring thousands, and serious damage to
(C) deaths, thousands who are injured, as well as seriously damaging
(D) deaths and thousands of injuries, as well as doing serious damage to
(E) deaths, thousands are injured, and they do serious damage to
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Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2008
Posts: 265
Location: Motortown
Re: SC : All terrain Vehicles [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2008, 14:51
D - correct parallelism

incognito1 Can you explain a little bit more about usage of 'comma' and 'and' in a sentence.

lets say there was another choice very similar to D, except for

(F) deaths, and thousands of injuries, as well as doing serious damage to

what would be the difference between the two ?

Thanks.....
VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1328
Re: SC : All terrain Vehicles [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2008, 20:17
amitdgr wrote:
Source : GMAT paper test 48

All-terrain vehicles have allowed vacationers to reach many previously inaccessible areas, but they have also been blamed for causing hundreds of deaths, injury to thousands, and seriously damaging the nation’s recreational areas.

(A) deaths, injury to thousands, and seriously damaging
(B) deaths and injuring thousands, and serious damage to
(C) deaths, thousands who are injured, as well as seriously damaging
(D) deaths and thousands of injuries, as well as doing serious damage to
(E) deaths, thousands are injured, and they do serious damage to

BEtween A and D D wins

for causing injury to 1000s and seriously damaging appears to be wrong
,and funda is found time and again lets discuss that in detail !!
ca anyone share their know how abot the same
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Re: SC : All terrain Vehicles [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2008, 01:13
1
KUDOS
LiveStronger wrote:
D - correct parallelism

incognito1 Can you explain a little bit more about usage of 'comma' and 'and' in a sentence.

lets say there was another choice very similar to D, except for

(F) deaths, and thousands of injuries, as well as doing serious damage to

what would be the difference between the two ?

Thanks.....

I believe punctuation is not tested on the GMAT, but your point is valid. This sentence can be dissected as follows:
(1) All-terrain vehicles have allowed vacationers to reach many previously inaccessible areas,
(2) but they have also been blamed for
(3) causing hundreds of deaths, injury to thousands,
(4) and seriously damaging the nation’s recreational areas.

Observations:
- Clearly, (3) should be "causing hundreds of deaths and injury to thousands", as all-terrain vehicles cause both "hundreds of deaths" AND "injury to thousands" -- hence, they need to be paired together with a conjunction
- A comma is needed now, as it separates the first action from the next
- Use of "as well as" is appropriate to connect two different effects
- (4) should be "as well as seriously damaging.." or "as well as doing serious damage to.." to keep it parallel to "for causing". The "for" is implicit in "(for) doing serious damage to"

Per your example, (F) will not work as there are only two items that are being modified by "for causing" and they should be connected. (F) essentially reads ".. for causing deaths, and thousands of injuries, as well as doing serious damage to.." -- here, inserting a comma makes it incoherent as it seems like a separate action is being performed.

HOWEVER, something like "for causing hundreds of deaths, causing thousands of injuries, and doing serious damage to" would be grammatically better as it is parallel, but this sentence would be wordy and will not work for the GMAT. Hope that helps!
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Re: SC : All terrain Vehicles [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2008, 01:36
incognito1 wrote:
LiveStronger wrote:
D - correct parallelism

incognito1 Can you explain a little bit more about usage of 'comma' and 'and' in a sentence.

lets say there was another choice very similar to D, except for

(F) deaths, and thousands of injuries, as well as doing serious damage to

what would be the difference between the two ?

Thanks.....

I believe punctuation is not tested on the GMAT, but your point is valid. This sentence can be dissected as follows:
(1) All-terrain vehicles have allowed vacationers to reach many previously inaccessible areas,
(2) but they have also been blamed for
(3) causing hundreds of deaths, injury to thousands,
(4) and seriously damaging the nation’s recreational areas.

Observations:
- Clearly, (3) should be "causing hundreds of deaths and injury to thousands", as all-terrain vehicles cause both "hundreds of deaths" AND "injury to thousands" -- hence, they need to be paired together with a conjunction
- A comma is needed now, as it separates the first action from the next
- Use of "as well as" is appropriate to connect two different effects
- (4) should be "as well as seriously damaging.." or "as well as doing serious damage to.." to keep it parallel to "for causing". The "for" is implicit in "(for) doing serious damage to"

Per your example, (F) will not work as there are only two items that are being modified by "for causing" and they should be connected. (F) essentially reads ".. for causing deaths, and thousands of injuries, as well as doing serious damage to.." -- here, inserting a comma makes it incoherent as it seems like a separate action is being performed.

HOWEVER, something like "for causing hundreds of deaths, causing thousands of injuries, and doing serious damage to" would be grammatically better as it is parallel, but this sentence would be wordy and will not work for the GMAT. Hope that helps!

Thanks incognito1. +1 for you. I wish I could think half as clearly as you do
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Intern
Joined: 10 Jan 2008
Posts: 7
Re: SC : All terrain Vehicles [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2008, 23:16
choosing between A and C.
does doing damage sound right?
what's the OA?
Re: SC : All terrain Vehicles   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2008, 23:16
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