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# Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his

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Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2008, 20:51
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Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.

(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of

[Reveal] Spoiler:
It is not Friedrich Muller who was spanning more than fifty years, but his career thus A,D are straight out

Now we have -B,C,E
B -sounds good, Hold it
C- with and being sound awkward, eliminate it
E- of usage is awkward, shows as the apprenticeship began because of a sanskrit scholar.

anyother points that I am missing?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2008, 06:54
I eliminate E because of incorrect verb usage : has begun
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2008, 08:15
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Clealy the modifier should be applied to Career but not to a person.

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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2011, 12:54
i am lost here, can someone explain me what is 'Sanskrit scholar ' compared to?

Friedrich Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2011, 13:03
agdimple333 wrote:
i am lost here, can someone explain me what is 'Sanskrit scholar ' compared to?

Friedrich Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar

Why do you need to compare Sanskrit scholar in this case? The sentence uses AS as "in the role of".
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2011, 04:07
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My approuch take me less the 1 minute.

Parallel structure only in B

career began in ......and culminated in....

prasannar wrote:
Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.

(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of

It is not Friedrich Muller who was spanning more than fifty years, but his career thus A,D are straight out

Now we have -B,C,E
B -sounds good, Hold it
C- with and being sound awkward, eliminate it
E- of usage is awkward, shows as the apprenticeship began because of a sanskrit scholar.

anyother points that I am missing?
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2011, 06:12
Although I agree that B is the best choice in this sentence, I read somewhere that modifier modifying the possessive would give an impression as if it were modifying noun. In this case, "Muller" rather than "Muller's career". So if there is one more choice starting with "The career of Muller began.." keeping everything else same as B. Which one is supposed to be correct the choice with possessive or the choice with "The career"?
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2012, 16:51
I have chosen B for this question:

A. The modifier is used incorrectly in this answer choice. Currently, "spanning more than 50 years" modifies Friedrich Muller - this is incorrect because a person cannot span more than 50 years. Rather, it was "Friedrich Muller's career" that spanned more than 50 years - this is the correct subject.

B. This answer choice is correct because it solves the modifier error. Also, the use of the simple past tense "began" correctly describes an event that occurred in the past.

C. Although the modifier error has been corrected in this answer choice, it is wordy. The words "of being" is awkward.

D. The verb tense should be simple past not past perfect. Also, "of being" shows up again in this answer choice.

E. This answer choice makes absolutely no sense. It reads "Friedrich the career of Muller..." Also, the use of present perfect tense is incorrect.
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2012, 21:15
B. Subject is his career so must use possessive.
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2012, 05:03
+1 for B.

The initial modifier means that we must modify career => A and D out.
E incorrectly used present perfect.
C is awkwardly worded
B wins

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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2012, 09:30
sgupta0827 wrote:
Although I agree that B is the best choice in this sentence, I read somewhere that modifier modifying the possessive would give an impression as if it were modifying noun. In this case, "Muller" rather than "Muller's career". So if there is one more choice starting with "The career of Muller began.." keeping everything else same as B. Which one is supposed to be correct the choice with possessive or the choice with "The career"?

The career of Muller began keeping everything else same as B ill be correct
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2012, 19:52
in B , what is "as a scholar"?

the carreer is as scholar

or

the apprenticeship is as the scholar.

pls help
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2013, 02:46
We are talking about Muller's career here and therefore, A D E go out.

Between B and C, I first picked C where I missed the parallelism in the sentence (began in and culminated in)

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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2013, 09:56
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In response to someone who asked why we don't say "began in an apprenticeship to be a scholar"---let's examine the following:

Core = "his career BEGAN in X as Y and culminated in Z"

BEGAN in (an apprenticeship) AS a scholar.

So usage of "AS" is correct.

We do not use "TO" as in "began in an apprenticeship to be a scholar" because that would CHANGE the MEANING.

"TO" usage = "in order to" --> This implies that he began an apprenticeship in order to become a scholar.

But no, that's not the meaning here. He began the apprenticeship AS a scholar--not in order to become a scholar.

Yes, the general structure is:

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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 02:57
APPRENTICESHIP AS SOMBODY is idiom though this one sound hard because "job" can not be " as" somebody"

but this one is idiom because there is no other way to express this idea
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2014, 03:17
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prasannar wrote:
Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.

(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of

Right off the bat i see that A is wrong because "spanning" should not refer to the person muller, but his career, so after 5 seconds A is gone.

B) This sounds right, Im a bit iffy about "career began" and "apprenticeship as" but I definitely keep this as a contender.

C) "with the" sounds weird, "of being" sounds weird, so between B and C, B sounds best but I still keep C as a contender.

D) Again, this makes spanning refer to the person Muller so this is gone in 2 seconds

E) "has" is erroneously in present tense, we notice this if we check to the right of the underlined portion where we find "culminated", which is past tense. E is gone.

Back to B and C. C makes it seem as if a apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar by default is unpromising, and if you have a grasp of the intended MEANING of the sentence, you know this is not what the author is trying to say. The author wants to tell us that "his career started off shaky but got a lot better". C is gone and we are left with B.

Notice that I did not eliminate C based on grammatical errors; C does not have any immediate grammatical faults. But you NEED to have a firm understanding of the intended MEANING of the author, and you absolutely have to understand what every option is telling you. This way, you can confidently dismiss C and thus you go with the correct answer: B
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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14 May 2015, 00:52
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2015, 22:14
(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as -Seems like a pleasant answer choice but make ambiguity with non-underlined Appositive phrase before it.

(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as --CORRECT

(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being --the use of of being is suspected first but it should eliminate by knowing the meaning of the whole sentence.

(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being - Eliminated for Same reason as the previous Answer Choice (C)

(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of -The meaning of this portion bears a clear ambiguity

Suggest me to correct my analysis
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2015, 00:40
[quote="prasannar"]Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.

(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of

this question is nice. suppose, I do not know the idiom " apprenticeship as a person" . this is diom sounds not logic because a job as a person
but this is idomatic.
most non native can not remember idom and have difficulty solving this question.

non native not remembering the idiom , like me, can choose e, because "assprenticeshsip of a person" sounds more logic.

but if we focus on meaning we see

has begun in e is wrong
of being in b is not logic.
"with" in b and e is not correct grammatically because we use "with " to show a tool

very hard if we do not know the idiom "apprenticeship as a person"
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2016, 11:45
Spli1) the subject of the sentence is the career of this guy. The beginning word says "spaning.." spaning what? The career of this guy. A, D and E are out because of this rule.

Split2) Idiom. Apprenticeship as = correct idiom. Apprenticeship of being = not correct idiom. C,D, and E are out.

Split3) Simple past tense. began = correct. D and E are out.
Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his   [#permalink] 06 Nov 2016, 11:45

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