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# Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ

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Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2010, 02:57
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (01:24) correct 50% (01:50) wrong based on 333 sessions

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Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financial aid tend to maintain higher GPAs than those who must take out loans or work to finance school. The study concludes that financial aid enables students to achieve high GPAs by alleviating the stress related to financial concerns and freeing up students' time to study more.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Students who take out loans maintain higher GPAs than those who work to finance school.
B. High GPAs were not the primary criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based.
C. Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner similar to that of restricted study time.
D. Students who must work to pay for their studies cannot maintain high GPAs.
E. Controlling stress level is less important to student performance than is intensive studying.

I marked C which says that the stress affects in the similar way as the limited time to study. Can somebody explain what's wrong with the approach?
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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 16:11
For me it was easier to find the right answer as opposed to eliminate bad ones. There are two reasons and ONLY two reasons why the author believes students with scholarships have higher GPA's than students who do not have scholarships. Those two reasons for higher GPA are not having to worry about finances (1) alleviates the stress related to financial concerns and (2)frees up students' time to study more.

That's it. No other reason. If this strikes you as odd, then that's good because the author did forget a couple other things that could affect GPA.

Because this is an assumption question, we can try the negate method. Negate each answer and see which one weakens the authors argument. Make sure you weaken the conclusion first and foremost.

A.) Students who take out loans DO NOT maintain higher GPA's than those who work to finance school.

B. High GPAs were THE ONLY criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based.

C. Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner NOT similar to that of restricted study time.

D. Students who must work to pay for their studies CAN maintain high GPAs.

E. Controlling stress level is MOST important to student performance than is intensive studying.

When using this method if some of the answers do nothing to argument, you can cross them out. Some will even strengthen the argument. When you look at C now, it doesn't weaken or strengthen the argument. B should jump out to you, because if B were true those students would be able to get high GPA's regardless of their financial situation. Hope that helps.

Let me know if there is any flaw in my reasoning.
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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 04:41
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IMO B.

This is a defender assumption choice and B is showing that a reverse cause-effect [Effect >>> Cause] is eliminated.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
95. Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financial aid tend to maintain higher GPAs than those who must take out loans or work to finance school. The study concludes that financial aid enables students to achieve high GPAs by alleviating the stress related to financial concerns and freeing up students' time to study more.
The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?
A. Students who take out loans maintain higher GPAs than those who work to finance school.
B. High GPAs were not the primary criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based.
C. Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner similar to that of restricted study time.
D. Students who must work to pay for their studies cannot maintain high GPAs.
E. Controlling stress level is less important to student performance than is intensive studying.

OA is

I marked C which says that the stress affects in the similar way as the limited time to study. Can somebody explain what's wrong with the approach?

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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 00:05
Basically this is a assumption question. So when you use the negation technique on the answer choices all the answer choices fall apart except B . So B is the correct answer.
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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 11:16
Hi,

I would really appreciate if you could show how the negation technique is causing the argument to fail for choice B and not for C.

Thanks
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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2012, 00:05
raviram80 wrote:
Hi,

I would really appreciate if you could show how the negation technique is causing the argument to fail for choice B and not for C.

Thanks

conclusion:
financial aid enables students to achieve high GPAs by alleviating the stress related to financial concerns and freeing up students' time to study more.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

B. High GPAs were not the primary criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based.
--> negate: High GPAs were the primary criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based.
okay if this true then the conclusion cant be drawn it just fails.

C. Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner similar to that of restricted study time.
-->Negate: Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner not similar to that of restricted study time.

so it says finance related issues does affects may be less or more than restricted study time. Then also conclusion can be drawn and it properly stands.

hence B

hope this helps
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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2012, 08:00
+1 B.

In negating B, we discover that students who that were given scholarships were already high-achievers to begin with, therefore their high GPAs have less to do with having more free time than the argument wants us to believe.

Cheers,
Der alte Fritz.
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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2012, 00:17
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Conclusion: Financial aid enables students to achieve high GPAs by alleviating the stress related to financial concerns and freeing up students' time to study more.
Now see the stimulus. It says that those students who receive financial aid TEND to maintain high GPAs. What if there tends to be a relationship between these two, i.e., financial aid and high GPAs. What if scholarships are given to those students only who tend to maintain high GPAs. By this, the above trend that was seen in the stimulus remains intact.
Hence the only answer is B.
D is also a close one and it could also have been an answer choice, unless it had not not gone too far to use CANNOT.
If there is any flaw in my reasoning, then please let me know.
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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2012, 14:52
+1 B

The author assumes that there is a casual relationship between financial aid and GPA, being financial aid the cause.
In this sense, he or she assumes that it is impossible that GPA is the cause as choice B suggests.
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Re: Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2018, 07:32
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# Students.com study reports that those students who receive full financ

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