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The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis

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The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 06:37
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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (01:03) correct 29% (00:59) wrong based on 198 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 48: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between

(B) systems, which are still debated between

(C) systems still debated among

(D) systems, a theory still debated by

(E) systems, a theory still debated between

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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 10:55
sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 48: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between

(B) systems, which are still debated between

(C) systems still debated among

(D) systems, a theory still debated by

(E) systems, a theory still debated between


Which after a comma refers to the preceding subject .So In A and B, “which” incorrectly refers to “inorganic system”.
In C,there is no punctuation and hence “inorganic systems still debated among biologists today” changes the meaning.
In E, “debated between biologists” is incorrect. “Between X and Y” is idiomatic.
In D, “still debated by biologists” rectifies the error with E.
Ans :D
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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 11:11
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(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between--- Which incorrectly refers to operate(verb) ; since Noun can't refer to verb ; therefore wrong

(B) systems, which are still debated between--Same error as A

(C) systems still debated among--meaning error

(D) systems, a theory still debated by--meaning error, it changes the meaning by stating that theory is debate by biologist ; and not the intended meaning that biologist debate the topic among/between them

(E) systems, a theory still debated between--Correct choice

IMO E
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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 11:33
The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between( which incorrectly modifies the systems, between is incorrect because biologists may be more than two)

(B) systems, which are still debated between( same as in A)

(C) systems still debated among( meaning change)

(D) systems, a theory still debated by( correct)

(E) systems, a theory still debated between( use of between is incorrect)

Will go with choice D

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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 11:44
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sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 48: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between

(B) systems, which are still debated between

(C) systems still debated among

(D) systems, a theory still debated by

(E) systems, a theory still debated between


Option A is incorrect because "which" is incorrectly modifying "inorganic systems".
Option B also has the same error. "inorganic systems" are not debated "between" biologists.
Option C again changes the meaning. There is no mention about the theory.
Option E is incorrect because the author is talking about a debate among biologists. "Between" is used for 2 entities and the correct form is "Between X and Y". This error can be found in all the above options.
Option D is correct as the modifier error is fixed, the meaning is intact and "between" is replaced by "by".
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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 19:31
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sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 48: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between

(B) systems, which are still debated between

(C) systems still debated among

(D) systems, a theory still debated by

(E) systems, a theory still debated between


(A) which modifies systems, not the opinion/theory held by the school of thought. Eliminated.
(B) Again, which modifies the systems. Eliminated.
(C) Systems are not debated as is apparent from the option here. Eliminated.
(D) the emphasis put on 'theory' mentioned earlier, not on the systems. Keep it.
(E) Same as (D).

Between D and E, D is correct because between is used when two of something is mentioned. Here, it can't be that only two biologists are debating, in fact, the whole community of biologists is debating. Moreover, if 'between' is used, there is no antecedent for the two biologists debating it. Hence, IMO, Option D.
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The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 00:55
The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between

(B) systems, which are still debated between

(C) systems still debated among

(D) systems, a theory still debated by

(E) systems, a theory still debated between


The system is not subjected to debate; the theory, however, is

(E) between is wrong, without "and"

Ans: (D)
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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 05:41
The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between --> a subject of debate is "mechanism." "which" makes a subject of debate "inorganic system"--> therefore, all "which" is eliminated.

(B) systems, which are still debated between --> same as the answer choice A

(C) systems still debated among --> what is debated by scientists is "mechanism," not "inorganic systems."

(D) systems, a theory still debated by --> the best choice among the answer choices

(E) systems, a theory still debated between --> "between" is used for specific individuals...debated between scientist A and B. In the case of group, "between" is not fit.
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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 09:05
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Official Explanation :

In choice A and B, “which” incorrectly refers to “inorganic system”.

In choice C, “inorganic systems still debated among biologists today” changes the meaning.

In choice E, “debated between biologists” is incorrect. “Between X and Y” is idiomatic.

In choice D, “still debated by biologists” rectifies the error in E. Hence, D is the best choice.
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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 11:59
After reading and understanding the question, let's try to identify few mistakes: which should refer a place and not a statement.
Next step is elimination.

Options A, B have which. Since which only referers to a place, it's incorrect.
Option C is ambiguous. Are systems still debated or the theory?
Option E ends with between. Since between should be followed by and. It's not idiomatic.

Hence we are left with one correct option D

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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2018, 03:31
Prateekj05 wrote:
sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 48: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between

(B) systems, which are still debated between

(C) systems still debated among

(D) systems, a theory still debated by

(E) systems, a theory still debated between


Option A is incorrect because "which" is incorrectly modifying "inorganic systems".
Option B also has the same error. "inorganic systems" are not debated "between" biologists.
Option C again changes the meaning. There is no mention about the theory.
Option E is incorrect because the author is talking about a debate among biologists. "Between" is used for 2 entities and the correct form is "Between X and Y". This error can be found in all the above options.
Option D is correct as the modifier error is fixed, the meaning is intact and "between" is replaced by "by".


Thanks. I chose E and was confused why between was wrong because “by” seemed to distort the intention of the sentence.

Now I know “between” must be used when there are 2 entities.

So D is definitely a better option.

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The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 03:26
The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanism held that life process are not the products of some mysterious life force, but are the same chemical and physical processes that operate in inorganic systems, which is still a subject of debate between biologists today.

(A) systems, which is still a subject of debate between - which illogically refers to inorganic systems ; also verb "is" is incorrect for plural systems

(B) systems, which are still debated between - which illogically refers to inorganic systems

(C) systems still debated among - Illogical meaning - debated modifies systems

(D) systems, a theory still debated by - Correct

(E) systems, a theory still debated between - Idiom error - between X and Y

1. Isn't there a subject-verb agreement issue - life process is singular and thus should take verb 'is'?
2. Proponents held that life process are not X, but are Y that ... --> shouldn't the parts X and Y be parallel? Do we need to repeat the verb in part that follows "BUT" ?


3. Comma+ FANBOYS is used to join two independent clauses- but here the 2 clauses aren't independent.

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , daagh , DmitryFarber , generis , other experts - please enlighten


Answer D
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Re: The 19th-century proponents of the school of thought known as mechanis  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 03:42
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Normally it is not wanted to deliberate on the ununderlined part in GMAT. Is there anything wrong in the underlined part? Otherwise, there is no need for underlining.
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